Chen Show Mao

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Chen Show Mao
JD MP
Member of Parliament
for Paya Lebar Division, Aljunied GRC
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 May 2011
Preceded by Cynthia Phua
Personal details
Born (1961-02-06) 6 February 1961 (age 53)
Taiwan
Nationality Singaporean
Political party Workers' Party of Singapore
Alma mater Harvard University,
Oxford University,
Stanford University
Occupation Politician
Profession Lawyer
Religion Chinese folk religion[1]
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Chen.

Chen Show Mao (simplified Chinese: 陈硕茂; traditional Chinese: 陳碩茂; pinyin: Chén Shuòmào; born 6 February 1961), JD, is a Singaporean politician and lawyer. He is a member of the opposition Workers' Party (WP), and has been a member of parliament (MP) for the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (Aljunied GRC) since 7 May 2011. He represents the Paya Lebar ward, replacing PAP's Cynthia Phua.[2]

Personal profile[edit]

Chen was born in Taiwan and moved to Singapore at the age of 11. He studied at Nanyang Primary School, Catholic High School and Anglo-Chinese School.[3] Chen was the president of the students' council at National Junior College and graduated as the top student in Singapore for the 1979 GCE Advanced Level examinations,[4] scoring distinctions in various subjects.

Although Chen had yet to become a Singapore citizen, he chose to perform compulsory military service, officially known as National Service (NS) in Singapore. While in NS, Chen was an infantry platoon commander at the Fifth Singapore Infantry Regiment (5SIR) and as Brigade Adjutant, or DYS1, at the headquarters of the Third Singapore Infantry Brigade (3SIB).[5] He became a Singapore citizen 1986, six years after serving National Service.

Despite graduating as the top student for the 1979 GCE Advanced Level examinations, Chen did not gain admission into the local medical school.[6] Thereupon, he pursued his undergraduate studies with major in economics at Harvard University. Chen graduated from Harvard University in 1986 and from Corpus Christi College, Oxford in 1988, where he was a Rhodes Scholar.[7] In 1992 Chen received his Juris Doctor from Stanford Law School and in 2005 received his Master of Arts from Corpus Christi College, Oxford.[8]

Legal career[edit]

Chen is a partner in the Corporate department of Davis Polk & Wardwell and a managing partner of the Beijing office. An experienced lawyer, he has practised in the New York office since 1992, the Hong Kong office since 1999 and the Beijing office since 2007.

Chen advised the Agricultural Bank of China on its US$22 billion initial public offering (IPO), which was the largest IPO in history when it completed in August 2010.[9] He also advised the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) on its US$21 billion IPO, as well as China National Offshore Oil Company (CNOOC) on its proposed US$19 billion acquisition of Unocal. Chen also completed the global IPOs of Air China, China Construction Bank, China Unicom, Metallurgical Corp. of China, Sinopec, as well as offerings by the Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China (PRC).[citation needed]

Besides China, Chen has completed international securities offerings and M&A transactions by various companies including Acer, ASE, Asus, AU Optronics, BHP, Foxconn, Freeport-McMoran, HTC, TSMC and UMC. He also worked with financial institutions such as JP Morgan Chase and Morgan Stanley, and the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China (ROC).[citation needed]

Beyond that, Chen has worked with sovereign wealth funds such as the China Investment Corporation (CIC), the Development Fund of the ROC and also advised the Shanghai, Hong Kong and Taiwan Stock Exchanges on proposed regulations. Chen was named one of American Lawyer's 2010 "Dealmakers of the Year" in April 2011.[10]

Before he began full-time practice as a corporate lawyer, Show Mao worked at a number of research institutions such as Ralph Nader’s Centre for Study of Responsive Law (CSRL), the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and the Research & Planning and Enforcement divisions of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).[11]

On 1 July 2011, Chen announced on his Facebook page that he had retired from active practice as a partner of his law firm given his new responsibilities as an MP. The decision was made so that he can spend more time with his family, to better serve his constituency and country, and that he would be exploring alternative work arrangements.[12]

Political career[edit]

During his time abroad, Chen regularly returned home to Singapore to visit his parents, his sister and her family.[13]

Chen stated that he joined the WP because he believed that "the best way to ensure good governance for Singapore is through the growth of a competitive opposition that offers a credible alternative to the party in government".[14] During an interview, Chen frankly explained why he decided to join the WP[15]

Certainly, my friends in the PAP are in a better position to formulate policy and implement policy in the short term, and therefore, have a greater impact on people's life, people's livelihood over the short term. But I think what I am doing is just as important. Perhaps more important over the long term and that is to help build up a credible opposition that in time is capable to form an alternative government.

Chen Show Mao

On 27 April 2011, Chen submitted his candidacy for the five-member Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (Aljunied GRC) with the WP's Secretary-General Low Thia Khiang, Chairman Sylvia Lim, Pritam Singh, a postgraduate law student, and Muhamad Faisal Abdul Manap, a freelance counsellor. The incumbent team included two cabinet ministers and one Senior Minister of State, and was helmed by the prominent Minister for Foreign Affairs, George Yeo.[16]

During the intense nine-day campaign period that followed, Chen was singled out by leaders of the ruling People's Action Party (PAP) for criticism. The PAP's Organising Secretary and Minister for Education, Ng Eng Hen, questioned Chen's motives for entering politics in a letter to The Straits Times. Ng also questioned whether Chen would be able to relate to the aspirations of Singaporeans after having spent most of his career in the United States and China.[17] The PAP's co-founder and former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew also suggested that Chen could return to China after losing in the election.[18]

Throughout the campaign, Chen kept a low profile when the WP was faced with tough questions, instead allowing frontman Low Thia Khiang to take the heat. He displayed his affinity with regular Singaporean culture and Singaporeans by addressing crowds at rallies with smatterings of Malay and Hokkien to dispel the notion that he was a "foreigner", as he had spent many years abroad. He also highlighted at a WP rally that he came to Singapore at a young age with his parents and sister, that he served National Service, and that he owns an apartment in Bishan and frequently commutes by train.

On 7 May 2011, Chen and his WP team won the Aljunied GRC with 54.71% of the total votes cast, with Yeo's PAP team obtaining 45.29% of the votes. The victory was considered historic because it was the first time that GRC seats had been captured by an opposition party, and the first time that two cabinet ministers had lost their parliamentary seats in a general election. Chen became the first foreign-born opposition MP in the history of Singapore, while his teammates Sylvia Lim and Muhamad Faisal Manap became the first female opposition MP and the first Malay opposition MP respectively.[19] Also, together with Pritam Singh and Muhamad Faisal bin Abdul Manap, he became one of the first three opposition MPs to be elected into parliament at the first attempt.

Committee of Selection[edit]

On 15 October 2011, it was announced that Chen was nominated to sit on the Committee of Selection, making him the first non-People's Action Party MP to be named to this committee.[20]

Political positions[edit]

In Parliament, Chen has expressed his opinion that political office is a calling and should neither be treated as a discount factor, or monetised. He was speaking in response to the January 2012 Ministerial Salary Review[21]

Together with his fellow WP opposition MPs, Chen questioned the 2013 Population White Paper.[22] In his speech on 5 February 2014, Chen proposed instead to increase the resident workforce growth of Singapore citizens and permanent residents by up to 1% per year from till 2030. He also proposed that the foreign workforce size be held constant except when growth targets for the resident labour force are not met.[23] Previous, Chen has suggested a redefinition of industry segments when considering the issue of foreign workers dependency.[24]

Within parliament and at WP election rallies, Chen has called for more recognition and support for older Singaporean, including the promotion of industries catering to the older population.[25][26][27][28] He has also encouraged more accessible welfare and government support for older Singaporeans and their caregivers.[29][30] In this aspect, he joins his fellow WP MPs in the overall call for acknowledging the contributions of matured Singaporean workers.[31]

In addition to older Singaporeans, Chen also advocated investment in the poorer, disabled segments of society, terming this as "unlocking social value".[32] Other subjects Chen has spoken on in parliament includes angel funding for the arts,[33] data protection,[34] casino control,[35] and scholarships for regional studies.[36]

Family & Personal Life[edit]

Chen is married and has a son and a daughter. His middle child, a girl, passed away before her fourth birthday. His wife, a homemaker, was born in Taiwan but grew up in Indonesia. His wife and children are US citizens.[37]

Current appointments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mr Chen Show Mao". Parliament of Singapore. Government of Singapore. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  2. ^ http://aljunied.wp.sg/index.php/mps/chen-show-mao
  3. ^ "Mr Chen Show Mao: Member's CV". Government of Singapore. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  4. ^ http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19800308.2.7.aspx
  5. ^ http://wp.sg/our-organisation/executive-council/
  6. ^ http://newspapers.nl.sg/Digitised/Article/straitstimes19810524.2.43.aspx
  7. ^ "Ex-Rhodes Scholar is potential WP candidate". The Straits Times. 14 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.law.smu.edu.sg/about_school/advisory_board/chenshowmao.asp
  9. ^ "China's AgBank sets record as world's largest IPO: report". AFP. 14 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.davispolk.com/lawyers/show-mao-chen/
  11. ^ http://wp.sg/our-organisation/executive-council/
  12. ^ "Chen Show Mao retires from active practice at law firm". Channel News Asia. 1 July 2011. 
  13. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/GeneralElection/News/Story/STIStory_654528.html
  14. ^ http://wp.sg/wpge/candidates/chen-show-mao/
  15. ^ http://www.razor.tv/site/servlet/segment/main/specials/General_Election/62926.html
  16. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1125158/1/.html
  17. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/GeneralElection/News/Story/STIStory_658472.html
  18. ^ "My last election? That depends on...". AsiaOne. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  19. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1127541/1/.html
  20. ^ "Chen first non-PAP MP nominated for Committee of Selection". Yahoo News. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  21. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/01/ministerial-salary-review-csm/
  22. ^ http://wp.sg/2013/02/3516/
  23. ^ http://wp.sg/category/parliamentary-speech/population-white-paper/
  24. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/03/cos-2012-debates-mom-foreign-worker-industry-segmentation/
  25. ^ http://wp.sg/2014/05/mp-chen-show-maos-speech-debate-on-presidents-address-2014/
  26. ^ http://wp.sg/2013/01/23-jan-2013-punggol-east-by-election-rally-speech-by-chen-show-mao/
  27. ^ http://wp.sg/2013/03/cos-2013-debates-mti-silver-industries-mp-chen-show-mao/
  28. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/02/budget-2012-csm/
  29. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/03/cos-2012-debates-moh-integrated-eldercare/
  30. ^ http://wp.sg/2014/03/cos-2014-debate-moh-informal-caregivers-mp-chen-show-mao/
  31. ^ http://wp.sg/2014/04/wp-may-day-2014-message-value-the-contributions-of-mature-workers/
  32. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/02/budget-2012-csm/
  33. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/03/cos-2012-debates-mica-angel-funding-for-the-arts/
  34. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/10/speech-on-data-protection-bill-mp-chen-show-mao/
  35. ^ http://wp.sg/2012/11/speech-on-casino-control-amendment-bill-mp-chen-show-mao/
  36. ^ http://wp.sg/2013/03/cos-2013-debates-moe-scholarships-for-regional-studies-mp-chen-show-mao/
  37. ^ "Chen first non-PAP MP nominated for Committee of Selection". theonlinecitizen. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  38. ^ http://wp.sg/our-organisation/executive-council/

External links[edit]

Parliament of Singapore
Preceded by
George Yeo, Cynthia Phua, Zainul Abidin bin Mohamed Rasheed, Lim Hwee Hua, Faishal Ibrahim
Member of Parliament
for Aljunied Group Representation Constituency

21 May 2011–
Served alongside: Low Thia Khiang, Sylvia Lim, Pritam Singh, Muhamad Faisal Abdul Manap
Incumbent