Chen Wei (dissident)

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Chen Wei
Born (1969-02-21) February 21, 1969 (age 45)
Suining, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
Nationality Chinese
Alma mater Beijing Institute of Technology
Known for democracy and human rights activism

Chen Wei (Chinese: 陈卫), born 21 February 1969, is a Chinese dissident and human rights activist. In December 2011, he was sentenced to nine years in prison for inciting subversion.[1]

Biography[edit]

Chen was born 21 February 1969 in Suining, Sichuan. Chen was one of the student leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests, when he was a mechanical engineering student at the Beijing Institute of Technology. He was imprisoned in Qincheng prison and released in January 1991.[2]

In May 1992, Chen was arrested again for commemorating the Tiananmen Square Protests and organizing a political party, and was sentenced to five years in prison.[2]

Chen was a signatory of Charter 08, a manifesto demanding the right of free association and the end to one-party rule.[3]

2011 arrest[edit]

On the morning of 20 February 2011 Chen followed a police invitation for tea but did not return. The Suining City Public Security Bureau released a document on the evening of 21 February, stating that he had been criminally detained for "inciting subversion of state power." Officers and security guards later searched his home, confiscating a computer, two hard drives and a USB drive, and then held him at the Suining City Detention Center.[2][4][5]

Chinese Human Rights Defenders reported on 17 December 2011 that Chen's case had been transferred to the Suining Municipal Intermediate People's Court at the end of November 2011. Authorities reportedly attempted to prevent Chen's wife from hiring lawyer Liang Xiaojun. Liang was ultimately only permitted to see Chen once, while his other lawyer, Zheng Jianwei, saw him only twice before the trial.[6] Chen told his lawyer that he had not broken the law and that he had merely been exercising the right guaranteed to all Chinese citizens under the Chinese Constitution to express their views. Chen's lawyer was told that the trial would be held within one week.

On 23 December 2011, the Suining Municipal Intermediate People's Court sentenced Chen to nine years in prison after he was convicted of "incitement to subversion" over four essays he wrote and published online.[1] The essays were said to contravene article 105 of China's criminal code.[6]

The European Union ambassador to Beijing, Markus Ederer, said the EU was "deeply concerned" about Chen's sentence and "we encourage political debate rather than the use of criminal law as a means to resolve diverging political opinions".[3] Amnesty International declared him a prisoner of conscience and called for his immediate release.[7] Human Rights Watch condemned the arrest as part of China's most severe crackdown on activists in a decade, and called for an immediate response from the international community.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wong, Gillian. "China sentences rights activist to 9 years' jail". Hosted.ap.org. Retrieved 2011-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b c "Individuals Affected by the Crackdown Following Call for "Jasmine Revolution"". Chinese Human Rights Defenders. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Hennock, Mary, "China jails dissident Chen Xi for 10 years", The Guardian, 26 December 2011 04.23 EST. Retrieved 2011-12-26.
  4. ^ "China: More than 200 arrests to quell the "jasmine revolution" in China". AsiaNews. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Pierson, David (26 February 2011). "Online call for protests in China prompts crackdown". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Congressional-Executive Commission on China, 'Authorities Sentence Chen Wei to 9 Years for Posting Pro-Democracy Essays ', 23 December 2011.
  7. ^ Gillian Wong (23 December 2011). "China sentences rights activist Chen Wei to nine years in jail". The Independent. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "China: Arrests, Disappearances Require International Response". Human Rights Watch. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 

See also[edit]