Chendamangalam

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Chendamangalam
Village
Chendamangalam is located in Kerala
Chendamangalam
Chendamangalam
Coordinates: 10°10′47″N 76°12′35″E / 10.1797°N 76.2097°E / 10.1797; 76.2097Coordinates: 10°10′47″N 76°12′35″E / 10.1797°N 76.2097°E / 10.1797; 76.2097
Country India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
Taluk Paravur
Area
 • Total 10.83 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 28,133
 • Density 2,477/km2 (6,420/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 683512
Telephone code 0484
Vehicle registration KL-42
Website [1]

Chendamangalam (or Chennamangalam) is a small town and a panchayat in Paravur Taluk, Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. It is about 23 km from Ernakulam. It has three rivers, seven inlets, hillocks and large expanses of green plain.

The Paliam Palace, residence of the Paliath Achans, hereditary Prime Ministers to the former Maharajas of Kochi, is one of the architectural splendours of Kerala. The Palace is over 450 years old and houses a collection of historic documents and relics.

The hillocks at Kottayil Kovilakom are unique as the site of a Hindu temple, a Christian church, a mosque and the remains of a Jewish synagogue, all within 1 km of each other. The synagogue was built in 1614 AD and is in a peaceful wooded area. In the courtyard behind the synagogue, it is possible to find old Jewish graves, including one of a Jewish woman, dated 1264 AD.

The Jews arrived in Chendamangalam after the destruction of the second temple and the final desolation of Jerusalem in (AD 69) and founded a colony. They moved to Fort Kochi in 1341 AD after the Great flood. All the synagogues in Kerala - Chendamangalam, Mala, and Kochi - have similar traditional architectural features: a central bimah of brass or silver metal on a concrete or stone base, an ark on the western wall, a balcony above the eastern entry to the sanctuary that is used by the reader on certain holidays. Behind the balcony is the women's gallery, with a stairway leading up to it, usually from outside the building.

Also here are remains of the Vypeenakotta Seminary built in the 16th century by the Portuguese. Adjacent to the seminary is an old Syrian Catholic Church built in 1201. It is also the site of the first printing press in India. The church was later rebuilt in Portuguese style.

History[edit]

Chendamangalam was part of Kanayanur taluk, Cochin State. The panchayat was formed in 1914. Water surrounded in three directions, it is a traditional culture centre. Keralas first and last most ancient christain kingdom villarvattom was at arankavu. The church in the name of Marsleva was established in 1075. The decision for sunnhedos was decided at here. CLC institution was also formed at this church.

Paliyam satyagraha resulted in the temple entry proclamation in cochin state. Barter system is practiced here now also called mattachantha. A.D.1663 to 1809 Prime Ministers of Cochin Paliath achans traditionally housed at Chendamangalam.

Places of Worship[edit]

Temples

Sree Venugopala Krishna Swami Dewasthan was established in 1900 AD at Chennamangalam (earlier known as Jayantha mangalam), the main deity is Venugopalakrishna Swamy. The main idol is Shila Vigrah of Venugopalakrishna Swamy. There is also an Utsav idol of the Lord and the idols of Garuda and Hanuman at His feet. The temple celebrates six day long annual festival in the month of Vaisakh.

Mosque at Kottayil Kovilakam

Churches

  • St.Sebastians, Gothuruth
  • Holy cross church,Kottayil kovilakam
  • Little flower church,Kuttukad

Mosques

  • Chendamangalam juma masjid

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Chendamangalam had a population of 28,133. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Chendamangalam has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 87% and female literacy of 85%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

  • St.Sebastians HSS, Gothuruth
  • Govt. HSS, Chendamangalam
  • Dharmaposhani Sabha School, V P Thuruth
  • DD Sabha School, Chendamangalam
  • Santacruz LP School, Kootukad
  • Govt. LP School, Chendamangalam
  • St.Josephs High school, Chathedam
  • St.Marys LP School, Chendamangalam
  • O.L.M.S, Kurumbathuruth
  • H.I.J.P School, Chathedam

Health[edit]

  • Gothuruth PHC

Transportation[edit]

  • Parur - Mala road via Pazhampillythuruth
  • Parur - Mala road via Karimbadam, Malavana
  • Chendamangalam - Gothuruth road
  • Chendamangalam - Kottayilkovilakom road
  • Vadakkumpuram - Andypillykavu road
  • Thattukadav – Karimbadam road
  • Manakodam road

Ferrys

  • Kurumbathuruth
  • Cheriya Pazhampilly Thuruth
  • Kottayilkovilakom – Malavana
  • Valiya Pazhampilly Thuruth- Station kadavu

Localities[edit]

Chendamangalam, Gothuruth, Kottayilkovilakom, Vadakkumpuram, Karimbadam, Kochangady, Kurumbathuruth, Valiya Pazhampilly Thuruth, C P Thuruth, Kizhakkumpuram, Thekkumpuram, Chathedam, Manakodam, Kootukad, Kadalvathuruth, Palathuruth, Kunjvarathurth,Bharanimuku,Kottatal.

Places of Interest[edit]

The synagogue has been restored and has an exhibit which is open to visitors from 9:30 to 5:00 during the week. Ask for the brochure or upload it on www.chensyn.com.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.