Chengdu Pterodactyl I
|Manufacturer||Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group|
|Designer||Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute|
|Primary users||People's Liberation Army Air Force
Saudi Arabia 
The Chengdu Pterodactyl I (Chinese: 翼龙-1; pinyin: Yìlóng-1) also known as Wing Loong is a Medium-Altitude Long-Endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group in the People's Republic of China. Intended for use as a surveillance and aerial reconnaissance platform, the Pterodactyl I is capable of being fitted with air-to-surface weapons for use in an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) role.
Design and development
Developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute (CADI), a division of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC), the Pterodactyl I bears a distinct similarity in appearance to the Predator/Reaper family of drones developed by the United States. The drone is capable of being fitted with a variety of sensors, including a forward looking infrared turret and synthetic aperture radar. In addition, the aircraft is capable of carrying weapons. The Pterodactyl I's total payload capacity for sensors and weapons is 200 kilograms (440 lb).
According to Chengdu, the Pterodactyl I has been undergoing flight testing and has proven successful, with the flight test program including weapons tests of both bombs and air-to-surface missiles.
A model of the Pterodactyl I was displayed at the 2010 China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition at Zhuhai, the first public acknowledgment of the program; however, it was claimed by AVIC that the aircraft had been displayed at the 2008 airshow. The aircraft has been approved for export by Chinese authorities; the Pterodactyl I was evaluated by Pakistan, but was not selected for procurement.
One example of the type was known to have been lost in an accident during 2011.
- Crew: None (UAV)
- Length: 9.05 m (29 ft 8 in)
- Wingspan: 14 m (45 ft 11 in)
- Height: 2.77 m (9 ft 1 in)
- Gross weight: 1,100 kg (2,425 lb)
- Propellers: 3-bladed
- Maximum speed: 280 km/h (174 mph; 151 kn)
- Range: 4,000 km (2,485 mi; 2,160 nmi)
- Endurance: 20 hours
- Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,404 ft)
- 100 kilograms (220 lb) of air-to-surface weapons
- 100 kilograms (220 lb) capacity for sensors
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Wong, Edward. (2013, September 21). "Hacking U.S. Secrets, China Pushes for Drones," The New York Times, p.A1 ff.
- 25 April 2014, , The Verge: Saudi Arabia joins the killer drone arms race
- 19 November 2010, Pterodactyl-1 UAV allowed for export, Sina News (Chinese)
- Wall 2010
- Minnick 2010
- Zeitler 2011, p.25.
- Chinese Predator UAV look-alike crashes
- Saudi Arabia signs deal for China's Pterodactyl drone - WantChinatimes.com, 6 May 2014
- Minnick, Wendell (November 24, 2010). "China Developing Armed/Recon UAVs". Defense News. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
- Wall, Robert (November 17, 2010). "China's Armed Predator". Aviation Week and Space Technology. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
- Zeitler, Andreas (February 2011). "Zhuhai 2010". Combat Aircraft (Hersham, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan Publishing) 12 (2). ISSN 2041-7470.