Chengguan District, Lhasa
城关区 · ཁྲིན་ཀོན་ཆུས
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Autonomous region||Tibet Autonomous Region|
|• Total||525 km2 (203 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3,650 m (11,980 ft)|
|• Density||420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard Time (UTC+8)|
Chengguan District (Chinese: 城关区拉萨市; pinyin: Chéngguān qū lāsà shì) is the only district of the prefecture-level Lhasa Municipality. It contains much of the largest urban area in the municipality, the city of Lhasa, as well as four rural townships.
Chengguan District is located on the middle reaches of the Lhasa River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, with land that rises to the north and south of the river. It is 28 kilometres (17 mi) from east to west and 31 kilometres (19 mi) from north to south. Chengguan District is bordered by Doilungdêqên County to the west, Dagzê County to the east and Lhünzhub County to the north. Gonggar County of Lhoka (Shannan) Prefecture lies to the south.
Chengguan District has an elevation of 3,650 metres (11,980 ft) and covers 525 square kilometres (203 sq mi). The urban built-up area covers 60 square kilometres (23 sq mi). The average annual temperature of 8 °C (46 °F). Annual precipitation is about 500 millimetres (20 in), mostly falling between July and September.
Subdistricts and townships
The term "Cheng Guan Qu" is the administrative term for the inner urban area within a municipality or county, in this case the Lhasa Municipality. Chengguan District is at the same administrative level as a county. Chengguan District of Lhasa was established on 23 April 1961. It has six urban sub-districts and four rural townships.
The urban area is populated by ethnic Tibetans, Han, Hui and other ethnic groups. The 2000 official census gave a total population of 223,001, of which 171,719 lived in the areas administered by city street offices and city neighborhood committees. 133,603 had urban registrations and 86,395 had rural registrations, based on their place of origin. The census was taken in November, when many of the ethnic Han workers in seasonal industries such as construction would have been away from Tibet, and does not count the military. A 2011 book estimated that up to two-thirds of the city's residents are non-Tibetan, although the government states that Chengguan District as a whole is still 63% ethnic Tibetan. As of 2014 half of Tibet's Han population resided in Chengguan District of Lhasa, where bi-lingual or purely Chinese teaching was common in the schools.
Lhasa valley from Drepung Monastery
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chengguan District, Lhasa.|
- "Chengguan District of Lhasa". Baidu Baike. Baidu. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- Johnson, Tim (2011). Tragedy in Crimson: How the Dalai Lama Conquered the World But Lost the Battle with China. Nation Books. ISBN 978-1-56858-649-6. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- Leibold, James; Chen, Yangbin (2014-03-04). Minority Education in China: Balancing Unity and Diversity in an Era of Critical Pluralism. Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 978-988-8208-13-5. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- Subramanya, N. (2004). Human Rights and Refugees. APH Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7648-683-5. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- Yeh, Emily T.; Henderson, Mark (December 2008). "Interpreting Urbanization in Tibet". Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies 4. Retrieved 2015-02-12.