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Chengtoushan (Chinese: 城頭山; pinyin: Chéngtóushān) was a Neolithic settlement located on the northwestern edge of Dongting Lake in Lixian County, Changde, Hunan, China.

The site contains the earliest dated rice field in China (dating from 4500 to 3000 BC[1]). The settlement spanned three separate cultures: the Daxi culture, the Qujialing culture and the Shijiahe culture. The site was abandoned around the middle period of the Shijiahe culture.

Chengtoushan was a round settlement surrounded by a moat and rammed earth wall, which was first built during the Daxi culture. The remains of human sacrifices were discovered under the foundation of the wall. The remains of a gravel road, a river bridge and a river-control gate were also discovered at Chengtoushan.


  1. ^ Archaeology of Asia, pp. 106

Coordinates: 29°41′30″N 111°39′20″E / 29.69167°N 111.65556°E / 29.69167; 111.65556