Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport

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Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport
14thaf-hdremblem.jpg
Part of Fourteenth Air Force
Sichuan Province, China
Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport is located in China
Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport
Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport
Coordinates 30°31′45″N 104°03′53″E / 30.52917°N 104.06472°E / 30.52917; 104.06472
Type Military
Site history
Battles/wars China Defensive Campaign 1942-1945

Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport (Chinese: 成都凤凰山机场) is military air base in Chengdu, Sichuan province, China. During World War II it was a United States Army Air Forces airfield.[citation needed] It is located approximately 10 miles south of Chengdu.

History[edit]

Fenghuangshan Airport was built in 1931, also known as Chungsing Chang, Fenghwangshan and Makiashipen. It was a major command and control base for Tenth Air Force, being the home of the 312th Fighter Wing from July 1944 until August 1945. The wing commanded three fighter groups (33d, 81st and 311th) in central China as well as provided support to Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortress groups which staged strategic bombardment missions over Japan though bases in the Chengdu area from their home bases in India (see: Operation Matterhorn).

Also, the 426th Night Fighter Squadron operated P-61 Black Widow night interceptor aircraft from the airfield, providing a night defense against Japanese fighter and bomber raids at night in the area, along with the B-29 bases before their move to the Marianas.

During the 2013 Lushan earthquake in Sichuan, the airport was used as a major air hub for the relief effort and medical evacuation.[1]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ "记者直击成都凤凰山机场首批转运芦山地震震中伤员". People's Daily. 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 

Further reading[edit]

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