Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System

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This article is about the metropolitan rail network in Chennai. For the metro system currently under construction, see Chennai Metro. For the separate suburban railway network, see Chennai Suburban Railway.
Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System
Tirumailai MRTS station Chennai (Madras).jpg
Overview
Owner Southern Railway
Locale Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 1 (Phase I & II)
Number of stations 17 (21 upon completion)
Daily ridership 76,800[1]
Website www.sr.indianrailways.gov.in
Operation
Began operation 1 November 1995; 18 years ago (1 November 1995)
Operator(s) Southern Railway
Train length 6 & 9 coaches
Technical
System length 19.34 km (12 mi)
Track gauge Broad gauge
Electrification 25 kV, 50 Hz AC through overhead catenary
Railway map of the Chennai suburban train system including the MRTS

The Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System a state-owned subsidiary of Indian Railways, is a metropolitan elevated railway line operated by Southern Railway. It is the first elevated railway line in India.[2] Although it is segregated from the Chennai Suburban Railway, they both are operated by Southern Railway and are integrated in a wider rapid transit network. Built at a cost of INR 11,710 million,[3] the line runs within the city limits from Chennai Beach to Velachery, covering a distance of 19.34 km (12.02 mi) with 17 stations, with an average daily ridership of 76,800 passengers. Connecting the central business area of old Madras with the IT corridor, the section has a potential capacity of 425,000 passengers a day.[4] In 2011–2012, MRTS registered a revenue of INR 198.9 million, registering a 16.25 percent increase, with 134 trains plying across all the 17 stations.[5]

The Chennai Metro project, currently under construction, is expected to improve transit access in the city and will connect with the Chennai MRTS. To maximise its potential, the MRTS is being extended to St. Thomas Mount, and its operations may be transferred over to the Chennai Metro when it opens in 2015.[6]

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

The well-established Chennai Suburban Railway network, which dates back to 1931, began services on the metre-gauge line from Beach to Tambaram. Two more suburban networks, Chennai CentralArakkonam and Chennai Central–Gummidipoondi began operations in 1985. In 1965, the Planning Commission set up a study team on metropolitan transport to assess the adequacy and limitation of existing transport facilities in the cities of Calcutta, Bombay, Madras and Delhi to determine the feasibility of different modes of transport and recommend phased programmes for development of transport facilities.[7] In a means to supplement the existing suburban rail network in Chennai, a number of surveys were conducted in the 1960s including the surveys by the Madras Area Transportation Study Unit (MATSU), which was set up by the Planning Commission during 1968–1970 and the Metropolitan Transport Project (MTP), which was established by Indian Railways in July 1971.[8] The surveys and studies identified eight important transport corridors, including the 39-km north–southeastern rail corridor along the Buckingham Canal.[9] These were soon followed by a feasibility study conducted by RITES, an engineering and infrastructure enterprise of the Government of India, on behalf of the state government. The study results were submitted in 1975, suggesting a rail-based mass transit system between Kasturba Nagar and Manali Road.

The system was envisaged as a 59.38 km (36.90 mi) loop line passing through Chennai Beach and Tiruvottiyur.[6] In the 1980s, the government began planning for a new railway line inside the city. The suburban lines offered no connectivity to Central and South Madras (as the city was known then). Planning began in 1984.[10]

Since the rail line passes through congested parts of the city, an elevated rail system with an alignment along the Buckingham Canal was selected, as it would avoid land-acquisition problems.[3] The MTP intended to implement the project in four phases:

However, the current line is slated to not extend past St. Thomas Mount, as the Chennai Metro project is slated to use a similar alignment.[6][11][12]

Construction and opening[edit]

Aerial view of MRTS during the time of construction

Although the present system was planned in the 1970s and the 1980s and the project was taken up for implementation by the Government of India, Ministry of Railways in 1983–84 at an estimated cost of INR 534.6 million,[12] it took nearly a decade for the first phase to construct and begin operation. Construction began in earnest in 1991. After many delays, the first phase was operational from Beach up to Chepauk in 1995 as the first elevated railway line in the country,[13] and it was extended to Thirumyilai station in Mylapore in 1997.[8][14] When the first phase between Chennai Beach and Thirumyilai opened in 1997, the project cost INR 2,690 million, compared to the initial estimate of INR 550 million in 1984.[9] The patronage of the first phase turned out to be way lesser than the over-reckoned value of 603,000 passengers per day.[15] In 1998, the Railway Board accorded sanction of executing Phase II of the project from Thirumayilai to Velachery.

The second phase of the project was taken up on the basis of the study conducted by RITES during 1987 and 1994 and taking into account population growth and the capacity of public transport system.[7] The MRTS services were extended from Thirumaylai to Thiruvanmiyur on 27 June 2004, as part of its second phase.[16][17][18][19][20][21] On 19 November 2007, the network was further extended from Thiruvanmiyur to Velachery[22] at a cost of INR 7,690 million.[19][22][23][24] The extended second phase of the project, connecting Velachery with St. Thomas Mount, is currently underway. However, changes to its original alignment have drawn fierce opposition from residents, some of whom have been asked to relocate.[25][26][27][28][29]

The progress of different phases of the line is summarised in the following table:

Phase Length Route Stations Opening Date Completion Cost Alignment Details[30]
Phase I 8.55 km (5.31 mi) Chennai BeachThirumayilai 8 19 October 1997 INR 2,690 million The alignment from Chennai Beach to Park Town is along the existing broad-gauge suburban system (2.75 km (1.71 mi), surface); alignment from Park Town to Thirumayilai is along the Buckingham canal (6.21 km (3.86 mi), elevated). Chennai Beach—Chepauk stretch was opened on 16 November 1995.
Phase II-A 11.376 km (7.069 mi) ThirumayilaiVelachery 9 19 November 2007 INR 7,690 million Alignment is along the Buckingham canal from Thirumayilai to Thiruvanmiyur beyond which it deviates towards west, away from the canal—9.614 km (5.974 mi) elevated and 1.762 km (1.095 mi) surface line. Single lane services between Thirumayilai and Thiruvanmiyur were available from 27 January 2004.
Phase II-B (Phase II Extension) 5 km (3.1 mi) VelacherySt. Thomas Mount 3 Expected December 2013 N/A Fully elevated. The proposed alignment of the initial 3.585 km (2.228 mi) from Velachery is chiefly along the Inner Ring Road (IRR). The remaining distance of about 1.5 km (1 mi) is proposed to cut the private built-up areas to reach St. Thomas Mount.
Phase III 16.76 km (10.41 mi) St. Thomas MountVillivakkam 10 N/A N/A The alignment from St. Thomas Mount to Villivakkam has been cancelled, as the Chennai Metro is intended to follow a similar alignment.[11][12][30]
Phase IV 50 km (31 mi) PerungudiKalpakkam 20 N/A N/A This will extend MRTS from Perungudi to Kalpakkam via Sholinganallur, Navalur, Kelambakkam and Mahabalipuram. In Kalpakkam, the line will join the proposed Chengalpattu—Kalpakkam—Pondicherry—Cuddalore line.

Funding pattern[edit]

Phase I from Beach to Tirumailai was fully funded by the Southern Railways, and the state government gave the required land free of cost. Phase II between Tirumailai and Velachery was implemented with the state government bearing two-thirds of the project cost. For the extension of Phase II to St. Thomas Mount, the ratio remains the same as Phase II.[31]

Infrastructure[edit]

Route description[edit]

The Chennai MRTS route is largely elevated, with at-grade sections at its terminals. From Beach to Chennai Park Town station, the line runs at grade, parallel to the suburban railway network. Following Chennai Park Town station, the line's first phase becomes elevated and follows the course of the Buckingham Canal, which runs parallel to the Coromandel Coast. The line remains elevated for the alignment of the second phase up to Perungudi, after which it returns to an at-grade section at Velachery. The 19 km (12 mi) line from Chennai Beach to Velachery is 15 km (9 mi) elevated and 4 km (2 mi) at surface.[30] The ongoing 5 km (3 mi) extension of the line from Velachery to St. Thomas Mount is also elevated.

Minor change in the alignment
MRTS crossing in the IT Corridor

In 2001, the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) proposed a realignment of the MRTS route to St. Thomas Mount and combined it with the Inner Ring Road because it faced difficulties with land acquisition. The Government of Tamil Nadu accepted it in 2006, and an order confirming the changes was passed. About 186 hectares of land that were frozen from development till then were released. However, the alignment was changed further as the Department of Highways deviated from the approved alignment of the Inner Ring Road without consulting the CMDA or the Metropolitan Transport Project (MTP–Railways). These resulted in a deviation of the MRTS alignment in the order of 15 m (49 ft).[28]

Stations[edit]

Snaking through the central region of Chennai, the alignment covers several significant landmarks of the city and currently has 17 stations. The Chennai Beach Junction is a hub terminal for several suburban trains, and, along with Chennai Fort station, it serves the commercial locations of Broadway and Parry's Corner. Chennai Park Town station is located opposite Chennai Central, which is a hub for both long-distance express trains and suburban trains. Places of tourist interests such as Parthasarathy Temple and Kapaleeshwarar Temple are located close to Thiruvallikeni (Triplicane) and Thirumayilai (Mylapore) MRTS stations, respectively. Marina Beach spans along the stretch of the Triplicane and Light House stations, in addition to the Chepauk station, which lies abutting the Chepauk Stadium. The MRTS also passes through those areas of Chennai where the information technology (IT) industry is located—while the Kasturba Nagar, Thiruvanmiyur and Indira Nagar stations are located on the IT corridor, the neighbourhoods of Perungudi, Taramani and Velachery also have IT establishments. The St. Thomas Mount station at the southern end of the alignment, upon completion, will have three different types of railway networks, namely, the suburban and long-distance express trains plying on the conventional tracks at grade level, the MRTS elevated station at level 1 and the Chennai Metro Rail at level 2. The station would be having an area of about 48,000 m2 (516,668 sq ft) and would be designed to integrate five different modes of transport including MTC buses.[32][33][34]

Each station is designed by a different architect and is built to accommodate a 9-car train.[35] Most stations also feature two-side platforms.

# Station name[36] Estimated distance from Chennai Beach in km[30] Opening Connections Layout
English Tamil
1 Chennai Beach சென்னை கடற்கரை 0 1 November 1995 Chennai Suburban – South Line
Chennai Suburban North Line
Chennai Suburban West Line
At Grade
2 Chennai Fort சென்னை கோட்டை 1.70 1 November 1995 Chennai Suburban – South Line At Grade
3 Chennai Park Town சென்னை பூங்கா நகர் 2.54 1 November 1995 Chennai Suburban – South Line
Chennai Central
Chennai Suburban West Line
Chennai Suburban North Line
Chennai Metro Line 1
Chennai Metro Line 2
At Grade
4 Chintadripet சிந்தாதிரிப்பேட்டை 3.43 1 November 1995 Elevated
5 Chepauk சேப்பாக்கம் 5 1 November 1995 Elevated
6 Thiruvallikeni (Triplicane) திருவல்லிக்கேணி 5.74 19 October 1997 Elevated
7 Light House கலங்கரை விளக்கம் 6.95 19 October 1997 Elevated
8 Mundagakanniamman Koil முண்டகக்கண்ணியம்மன் கோவில் 7.925 14 May 2014 Elevated
9 Thirumayilai (Mylapore) திருமயிலை 8.66 19 October 1997 Elevated
10 Mandaveli மந்தைவெளி 9.699 26 January 2004 Elevated
11 Greenways Road பசுமைவழிச் சாலை 11.02 26 January 2004 Elevated
12 Kotturpuram கோட்டூர்புரம் 11.892 26 January 2004 Elevated
13 Kasturba Nagar கஸ்தூரிபாய் நகர் 12.824 26 January 2004 Elevated
14 Indira Nagar இந்திரா நகர் 13.796 26 January 2004 Elevated
15 Thiruvanmiyur திருவான்மியூர் 14.655 26 January 2004 Elevated
16 Taramani தரமணி 16.57 19 November 2007 Elevated
17 Perungudi பெருங்குடி 17.713 19 November 2007 Elevated
18 Velachery வேளச்சேரி 19.34 19 November 2007 At Grade
* Puzhuthivakkam புழுதிவாக்கம் 21.190 Under Construction Elevated
* Adambakkam ஆதம்பாக்கம் 22.190 Under Construction Elevated
* St. Thomas Mount பரங்கிமலை 24.235 Under Construction Chennai Suburban – South Line
Chennai Metro Line 2
Elevated

Design[edit]

The at-grade Velachery railway station

In many aspects, the Chennai MRTS bears greater resemblance to the Chennai Suburban Railway as opposed to a true rapid transit line. While its route is segregated from the Chennai Suburban Railway for much of its length, it is sometimes considered to be an "elevated extension" of the suburban railway network, as opposed to a metro system. This is chiefly due to the fact that the MRTS uses the same gauge as the suburban system, thus allowing the movements of passengers between the existing suburban lines and the MRTS, although rakes are not moved directly from one system to another.[37] Owing to this reason, the trains run on the MRTS are 'normal' EMUs and do not have automatic doors like a metro train. Ballastless track is used between Tirumailai and Velachery[38]

Plans for using the empty space at MRTS stations[edit]

There are various plans to use the empty space in the MRTS stations.[39]

  • Food stalls at MRTS stations

In Feb 2009, IRCTC envisaged to set up food stalls at 12 MRTS stations.[40] But the food stalls have not materialised hitherto.[41]

In Sep 2013, the IRCTC decideed to initially set up food stalls at three 3 key MRTS stations Tirumailai (Mylapore), Thiruvanmiyur and Velachery. The proposed plazas will have multiple shops and serve multi-cuisine food. The facility will be similar to the setup at Chennai Central railway station. [42] [43]

In October 2013, there are plans to open Amma Unavagams (Mother Canteens), the subsidised canteens run by the Tamil Nadu government, in the huge empty space of MRTS stations.[39]

Commercial exploitation of the space in MRTS stations is not a new idea. However, over the years, many projects have failed to take off. Some years ago, CMDA had proposed the exploitation of space in nine stations across 11.16 km of the second phase of MRTS.

Operations[edit]

Hours of operation and frequencies[edit]

The route length between Chennai Beach and Velachery is 19.34 km (12.02 mi),[30][36] with an average speed of 29 km/h (18 mph), with the current journey time has being 45 minutes.[44][45]

The first train departs from Chennai Beach at 4:15 am, and the last one departs at 9:35 pm. From Velachery, the first train departs at 5:00 am to Chennai beach, with the last train departing Velachery at 10:20 pm.[46] On Sundays, a total of 51 trips are operated.[47] In the peak hours, nine-car trains are used, while six-car trains are operated during the remaining time.[48] Nine-car rakes were introduced in 2008.[49] Two additional services promised in 2012 Railway Budget were introduced only in July 2013.[50]

Patronage[edit]

Chintadripet railway station of the Chennai MRTS
MRTS daily patronage

The line currently transports less than 25 percent of its projected passenger capacity.[51] The MRTS experiences a ridership of 78,000 commuters during weekdays and Saturdays. However, there has been a ridership increase from approximately 25,000 people in 2000[9] and 66,518 people in 2008.[52] Incidentally, when the MRTS was extended up to Velachery in 2007, it saw a three-fold increase in the revenue.[53]

Of the system's 17 stations, Chennai Park Town, Thirumayilai, Thiruvanmiyur and Velachery account for nearly 40 percent of the ridership.[54][55][56][57] In a measure to increase patronage, the MRTS had adopted several schemes to draw potential passengers.[3][9][58]

As the route passes close to some of the most famous temples of Chennai, the MRTS operates special trains during popular religious festivals such as the Vaikunta Ekadashi at Parthasarathy Temple in Triplicane[59] and Arupathumoovar at the Kapaleeshwarar Temple in Mylapore.[60] Special trains are also run during cricket matches at the M. A. Chidambaram Stadium at Chepauk,[8][61][62] and air shows[63] and Kaanum Pongal at the Marina Beach.[64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71] and bus strikes.[72]

Finances[edit]

For the 10-month period from April 2009 to January 2010, the MRTS earned a total revenue of INR 127.6 million: with a fare revenue of (INR 122.1 million from ticketing sales, INR 2.6 million from advertisement sales and INR 2.9 million from parking contracts). This is compared with an estimated operating expense of about INR 230 million. The operational cost of the entire stretch is about INR 1.8 million per day while revenue generated amounts to only INR 0.3 million per day.[6]

Mylapore railway station in the afternoon
Average daily passenger earnings

The average number of passengers and the revenue generated per day over the past years are listed below:[6]

Year No. of passengers Total revenue (in INR)
2008–2009 31,879 355,948
2009–2010 33,178 396,374

The MRTS network registered a 16.25-percent increase in revenue to INR 198.9 million in 2011–2012 period.[73]

Fares and ticketing[edit]

Fare structure of the Chennai MRTS[74]
Distance (km) 2nd-Class Fares 1st-Class Fares
Adult (INR) Child (INR) Adult (INR) Child (INR)
1–5 5 5 45 45
6–10 5 5 45 45
11–15 5 5 55 45
16–20 5 5 80 55
21–25 10 10 85 55

The fare structure of the Chennai MRTS is integrated with that of the Chennai Suburban Railway, as both are operated by the Southern Railways. Unlike most rapid transit systems, and like the Chennai Suburban Railway, the Chennai MRTS maintains first-class passenger seating and does not have air-conditioned coaches.[75][76] First-class travel is only available aboard 9-car trains.[52]

In addition to the fare scheme listed in the table, which is meant for one-time ticketed travel, the Southern Railways has monthly tickets and quarterly season tickets scheme for more frequent travellers.[77][78][79]

Rolling stock[edit]

Side profile of EMU in MRTS
EMU at Velachery MRTS station

The Chennai MRTS uses both 6-car and 9-car electrical multiple unit trains, although the 9-car trains are more prevalent during peak hours. The trains use overhead catenary for power supply and are broad gauge.[80][81] A 9-car rake is typified by 3 motor coaches each at the front, the middle and the last. The motors are used to run the wheels of the train at a stipulated speed limit.[82] The MRTS coaches have entry and exit on both sides. The EMU coaches are manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory, Chennai.

Criticism[edit]

Since its construction stages, the Chennai MRTS has had its share of controversies and criticism,[83] including the cost-effectiveness of the route, accessibility,[84] poor maintenance of stations, lack of intermodal transport facility, environmental concerns, budgeting issues and security issues.[85] In light of these issues, which further impacted the line's low ridership, the MRTS has been working incrementally to change its image to Chennai's residents, by addressing and ameliorating the current conditions.[86]

Unused provision for retail space at Thiruvanmiyur station

Lack of integration with other modes of transport[edit]

Some stations lack proper and safe approach roads, thus deterring passengers from reaching the stations. A study jointly conducted by Southern Railways and CMDA is currently in progress, and the survey results would help to identify the infrastructure problems that hinder ridership on MRTS[87] [88] and Mono Rail on the need to provide infrastructure like ramps, skywalks, nearby bus stops and pedestrians walkways.[89][89] Access to the Chennai MRTS remains a crucial issue to the line's success, as it does not fully integrate with other modes of transportation in the city,.[54][75][89][90][91]

Special focus would be on pedestrian facilities that would provide access to MRTS stations from nearby roads and bus stops, apart from identifying new feeder routes for the network.[51] With the completion of connectivity to St. Thomas Mount in 2013, the MRTS will be integrated into the grid of the Chennai Suburban Railway and the Chennai Metro Rail, thus sharing an intermodal transportation interchange with both the systems, when it is expected to reach its full potential due to uninterrupted movement of commuters across different rail lines in the city.[92]

The state and central governments are also working together for the CMRL to takeover the Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS) so that the latter will get a new shot of blood with modernised stations, integrated ticketing systems, better facilities for passengers, increased frequency of services taking into consideration passenger demands, and also lead to better maintenance.[93]

Inadequate maintenance and usage of station facilities[edit]

GPS in an MRTS station showing train timings

The system has also been criticised for improper maintenance of stations[94] and the infrastructure[95][96] and on the windshields of cars parked below the stations,[97] vandalism at several stations, seepage of rainwater through holes in the roofs of stations[98][99] non-functional station amenities such as lifts and escalators,[1][5][16][41][52][55][100][101][102][103][104][105][106][107][108] Station staff have expressed their concern over the Chennai MRTS's safety issues.[3][109][110][110][111][112][113][114] and conducting various thefts[115][116][117][118][119] In a recent bid to provide improve the security of the passengers using the network, it has been decided that the MRTS stations would have a single entry and exit point as it has been difficult for the RPF personnel to monitor multiple gates at the same time.[55][120][121][122] According to sources, there is a 20% shortage in the strength of the railway protection force in MRTS stations.[123]

Other issues[edit]

The MRTS has been criticised for environmental issues during its construction phase, due to the fact that much of the alignment was built along the banks of the Buckingham Canal.[92][124] Although the canal itself has been in decline to a sewage,[125] the Chennai River Restoration Trust has planned to revitalise and redevelop it. However, a 7.1-km section will remain impassable due to the presence of the MRTS. Another environmental impact caused by the erection of MRTS pillars in the canal is the blocking of the natural flow of storm water during rains. This has led to severe stagnation of rainwater in the neighbourhoods adjoining the canal.[126]

Stations of the Chennai MRTS (from left to right: Chepauk, Mylapore, Velachery, Chintadripet)

Future plans[edit]

Extension to St. Thomas Mount[edit]

Work on the 5 km (3 mi), three-station Phase II extension from Velachery to St. Thomas Mount began in 2008, with an original estimated completion of December 2010.[127][128] The cost of the extension was estimated at INR 4,957 million. However, the line has been repeatedly postponed due to multiple issues during its construction process.[129][130] Despite the delays, the extension from Velachery to St. Thomas Mount is currently underway. Construction of the stations began in July 2011. Due to spatial constraints, the stations are being built in a smaller design, with four staircases with escalators covering both sides of the road. Track laying is progressing on the first 2 km (1 mi) stretch from Velachery. Of the remaining 1.5 km, the last 0.5 km (0 mi) from St. Thomas Mount is being constructed simultaneously with Chennai Metro. Litigation had previously prevented the work from being carried out in the last portion of track laying and the work had been stalled for nearly two years. However, a court ruling was passed in favour of the Chennai MRTS. Land acquisition by CMDA has resumed after the Madras High court vacated a stay and construction work is expected to resume once the acquired land is transferred to the Railways.[73][131] According to the Railway Budget 2012, the section would be commissioned by December 2013.[132] In October 2012, land acquisition on the 5-km stretch resumed to be completed in 45 days.[5][133][134] The extension of the network has hit a cul de sac near Thillai Ganga Nagar due to difficulty in procuring the land from the locals.[135]

As of 2014-May, 3.7 km of the 5-km stretch of the MRTS line has been completed. Work is expected to resume, in a month, after the beneficiaries who had approached the High Court against the acquisition of 500 metres of land are compensated. Twenty eight beneficiaries have been identified and they will be reimbursed under the Indian government’s new Land Acquisition Act, that came into effect on 2014, replacing a 119-year-old obsolete legislation.[136]

The extension will be on an elevated structure whose alignment will be along the median of the Inner Ring Road (IRR) up to 3.585 km (2.228 mi) from Velachery, except for a small portion near Medavakkam Road. Beyond 3.585 km (2.228 mi), the alignment would deviate from IRR and would pass through the private built-up areas and terminate at St. Thomas Mount station. There are two stations en route, namely, Puzhithivakkam (1.85 km (1.15 mi) from Velachery) and Adambakkam (2.85 km (1.77 mi) from Velachery). All three stations, including St. Thomas Mount, will be on an elevated structure. Unlike stations on the Tirumailai–Velachery stretch, only minimum passenger amenities will be provided at the stations and no commercial complexes are planned.[137][138]

The extension up to St. Thomas Mount is believed to benefit several people including those working in the IT establishments, residences and other offices near to the MRTS network.[139][140] The patronage of the network is expected to increase significantly with this extension because St. Thomas Mount station will emerge as a single point interchange for 5 different modes of public transport – Public Buses, Southern Railway, the MRTS, Suburban South Line and Metro Line 2 - including a multi level terminal for three different suburban railway networks.[73][141] Thus, the Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) is likely to be the missing link in the proposed three-way integration at St. Thomas Mount railway station when metro rail is up and running by mid-2014. It also has been further decided to terminate long distance trains there, so that the city traffic may get reduced.[142]

Proposed extension to Villivakkam[edit]

The third and fourth phases of the MRTS were initially planned to connect St. Thomas Mount with Villivakkam and Villivakkam with Ennore, respectively.[143] However, with the implementation of the Chennai Metro Rail, the plan for developing these two phases have been dropped, since these overlaps with the alignment of the Chennai Metro Rail.[144]

Planned transfer of operations to Chennai Metro[edit]

Upon the inauguration of the Chennai Metro, the Chennai Metro Rail Limited(CMRL) is slated to assume the operations of the MRTS from the Southern Railway. The merger of operations will achieve overall integration and allow improved connectivity between the various rapid transit lines in Chennai. As part of a condition of the CMRL takeover, the current rolling stock will be replaced by new EMU units that will have air conditioning and automatic doors.[6][145]

However it may take a long time for the project to take shape and there is a need co-operation between the different agencies involved. Manpower for MRTS is also a bottleneck for this take over.[146]

Upon merging, CMRL would replace the present signalling system of MRTS, which allows only one service every six minutes. The six-minute gap is considered a barrier to any further upgradation of MRTS. A change in the signalling system to the metro rail technology would allow services every 400 m, which would improve the number of services and passenger strength.[147]

Proposed Chennai to Cuddalore Port coastal railway corridor[edit]

In 2008, a proposal was initiated to construct a new railway line from Perungudi MRTS station in Chennai to Pondicherry via Old Mahabalipuram Road (OMR) and East Coast Road (ECR). The line emanating from Perungudi MRTS station is envisaged to be 179 km long and is expected to traverse via Sholinganallur, SIPCOT, Kovalam, Tiruporur, Mamallapuram, Kalpakkam, Koovathur, Cheyyur, Marakkanam, Kunimedu, Kuiyilappalayam, Jipmer in Pondicherry, Bahour, Varakalpattu, and Tirupadipuliyur to reach Cuddalore Port Jn.[148] The railway line would run on an embankment.[149] There was also a proposal to extend the line up to Karaikal via Mayiladuthurai.[150] The railway line was sanctioned in the 2007 supplementary budget with an estimated cost of INR 5,230 million. However, there has been a delay owing to lack of funds[148] and the project is expected to be completed in about 10 years. To expedite the project, the railway board is looking out for multiple options including private contribution, although the model is not yet finalised.[151] There are also alternative plans of beginning or linking the line to Chengalpet.[152][153] This railway corridor is expected to reduce the travel time between Chennai and Pondicherry to two hours against five hours along the present route via Villupuram. In Oct-2013, the state government started acquiring land for the 179-km project. At that time the project was estimated to cost INR 8,000 million.[154]

Trivia[edit]

  • MRTS schedules are available on Google Maps or Google Transit and this feature has been extended for Android smartphone devices too.[155][156][157][158]
  • SMS tracking facility is to be implemented in MRTS trains. The trains have been fitted with GPS devices and the new method will help finding the position of the trains in real time without human intervention.[159]
  • MRTS trains produce loud jarring noise which causes headaches and giddiness and also induces hearing loss to the passengers.[160]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Many concerns of MRTS commuters remain unaddressed". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 21 November 2009. 
  2. ^ Year Book 2009. Bright Publications. p. 569. 
  3. ^ a b c d Madhavan, N. (4 April 2010). "Mass rejected transit system". Business Today (Chennai: Living Media India Limited). Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
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Further reading

  1. "Train to nowhere", Bishwanath Ghosh, The Sunday Diary – 14 October 2012; The Hindu, Chennai
  2. "MRTS network is a sitting duck", Greeshma Gopal Giri, 20 July 2009; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  3. " Thugs and goons have run of city MRTS stations", Greeshma Gopal Giri, 17 November 2009; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  4. " MRTS to get new lease of life", C.Shivakumar, 1 March 2012; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  5. "Residents protest MRTS alignment change", 3 October 2010; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  6. " MRTS is in bad shape: Study", C.Shivakumar, 15 October 2011; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  7. "Rly police ready to offer security cover to MRTS", Greeshma Gopal Giri, 14 July 2009; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  8. "MRTS services erratic", Yogesh Kabirdoss, 13 October 2011; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  9. "The pathetic state of the scary MRTS stations", Daniel Thimmayya, 11 October 2011; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  10. "State non-committal on MRTS", 27 Aug 2009; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  11. "Where danger lurks for lovers", Gokul Vannan, 16 June 2010; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  12. "Local Train Stations Too Far, Unsafe for Women", U Tejonmayan, 4 October 2011; The New Indian Express, Chennai.
  13. "Southern Railway blames state for MRTS delay", 1 July 2011; The New Indian Express, Chennai
  14. "Empty space and deserted floors characterise the city’s mrts stations. Toi takes a look at ways to fill them", 26 March 2012, The Times of India, Chennai
  15. "Locked parking lots and irked commuters", 17 December 2012; The Hindu, Chennai
  16. "On the fast track" – Description of journey in the last MRTS train service for the day, Aparna Karthikeyan, 18 December 2012; The Hindu, Chennai
  17. "Plans for ramps, skywalks at MRTS stns remain on paper" – Also discusses the poor safety conditions,lack of bus facility and other usual problems perennially associated with the MRTS. 28 December 2012; The Times of India, Chennai
  18. "Mapping areas where crimes against women are high" – MRTS stations predominantly feature in this list. Ekatha Ann John. 2 January; The Times of India, Chennai
  19. "MRTS phase II: land acquisition picks up pace", 13 January 2013; The Hindu, Chennai
  20. "MRTS to Adambakkam likely by mid-2012". 18 November 2011, Aloysius Xavier Lopez, The Hindu, Chennai
  21. "Link roads to connect MRTS stations soon", 18 January 2013, The Hindu, Chennai
  22. "Land acquisition for city’s key projects likely to see end soon". 1 March 2013, The Hindu, Chennai
  23. "MRTS stations suffer for want of maintenance", 12 March 2013, The Hindu, Chennai
  24. "Mushrooming slum has residents worried Huts Have Come Up Along Buckingham Canal On OMR"The Times of India, June 2013, Chennai
  25. "Crap and garbage piling up like a mountain, toilet water taps on the blink – Pathetic State of Kotturpuram MRTS Station". 29 June 2013, Dinakaran (Tamil), Chennai
  26. "Reply from Chief Administrative Officer (Construction), Southern Railways – Status of MRTS project and why trains can't be currently operated only up to Adambakkam", 11 July 2013, The Times of India, Chennai
  27. "MRTS Stations are now dumping yards", 9 Aug 2002, The Hindu, Chennai
  28. "MRTS worker falls to death in Chennai", 17 July 2013, The Hindu, Tambaram (Chennai)]
  29. "HC declines to shift MRTS station", 22 Aug 2010, The Times of India, Chennai
  30. "MRTS stations,already in poor shape,turn wet and dirty after the monsoon", 11 Nov 2009. The Times of India, Chennai
  31. "Velachery-Taramani Rd to come up along MRTS", 11 July 2008, The Times of India, Chennai
  32. "Acquiring land is key to completion of works by 2013", 16 Mar 2011, The Times of India, Chennai
  33. "Clogged roads help MRTS traffic double", 13 Nov 2008, The Times of India, Chennai
  34. "Half-done MRTS stns are a death trap", The Times of India, Chennai
  35. "Tracking MRTS -As a commuter and a critic, Liffy Thomas brings balance to analysis of the MRTS line", Downtown, The Hindu, 12 August 2013, Chennai
  36. "Park near Kotturpuram MRTS soon", [1] The New Indian Express, 13 August 2013, Chennai
  37. "Increasing patronage but miles to go", Liffy Thomas, 7 Sep 2013, The Hindu, Chennai
  38. "It’s a name game" – The inauguration of the 18th station "Mundagakanniamman Koil" on the Beach-Velachery MRTS line is delayed due to a raging debate over its name. T.S. Atul Swaminathan, Downtown, The Hindu, 7 Sep 2013.
  39. "Toilets a blot on MRTS", Downtown, The Hindu, Chennai, 26 October 2013.
  40. "Chain snatched at MRTS station", The Hindu, Chennai, 1 November 2013
  41. "Southern Railway planning to hand over last stage of MRTS project to CMRL", [2] Deccan Chronicle, Chennai, 7 November 2013
  42. "Women don’t feel safe at some MRTS stations", The Hindu, Chennai, 12 November 2013
  43. "EMU shed lies unused in Velachery", The Hindu, Chennai, 12 November 2013
  44. "MRTS parking lots rented out illegally", The Times of India, Chennai, 11 December 2013
  45. "Announcements on Chennai MRTS trains a hit", The Hindu, Chennai, 9 December 2013
  46. "Ups and downs of Chennai's MRTS escalators", The Hindu, Chennai, 13 December 2013
  47. "3.4-km-long road to connect MRTS stations in Chennai", The Hindu, Chennai, 15 December 2013
  48. "Defunct lift at Chennai MRTS station proves a nightmare for ill commuter", The Hindu, Chennai, 17 December 2013

External links[edit]