Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus

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Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus
Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus.jpg
Main facade of the CMBT
Station statistics
Address Inner Ring Road, Koyambedu, Chennai
Coordinates 13°04′03″N 80°12′20″E / 13.06745°N 80.20566°E / 13.06745; 80.20566Coordinates: 13°04′03″N 80°12′20″E / 13.06745°N 80.20566°E / 13.06745; 80.20566
Connections Koyambedu Metro Station (Under construction)
Platforms 6
Parking Yes
Bicycle facilities Yes
Baggage check Yes
Other information
Opened 2002
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Owned by CMDA

The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus or CMBT is a modern bus terminus located in Chennai, India, providing outstation transportation services. Spread over an area of 37 acres (150,000 m2) in Koyambedu. It is the Third largest bus station in Asia,after Delhi, Israel's,Tel Aviv and is accredited with the ISO 9001:2000 quality certification for its quality management and excellence.[1] It is located on the 100 feet (30 m) inner-ring road (Jawaharlal Nehru Road) in Koyambedu between SAF Games Village and the Koyambedu Vegetable Market. Chennai Metro Rail is planning for its coach depot behind CMBT.

History[edit]

The bus terminus originally functioned at the Broadway terminus near Madras High Court in George Town, in an area covering about 1.5 acres.[2] With the growing population and transportation demand, a new terminus was planned at Koyambedu.

The CMBT was planned and built by the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority at a cost of INR 103 crores[3] and inaugurated on 18 November 2002 by the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu J.Jayalalitha.[4]

Service[edit]

The CMBT, the terminus for all intercity bus services from Chennai

The terminus has 6 platforms in 3 bus fingers with 180 bus bays. It also has an idle parking area for 60 buses and can station 270 buses at any given time. Being the most important entry-exit point of the city, the terminus has a capacity to handle over 2,000 buses and 200,000 passengers a day.[3] The terminus currently handles more than 500 buses at a time, and 3,000 buses and 250,000 passengers a day.[5] The 36.5-acre (148,000 m2) bus terminus has an 17,840 sq ft (1,657 m2) waiting facility for passengers, a 25,000 sq ft (2,300 m2) parking space for auto rickshaws, cabs and private cars, and 16,000 sq ft (1,500 m2) parking space for two-wheelers.[3] The amenities provided in the terminus include 3 hotels and 3 smaller eateries inside the terminus, 3 locker rooms, 10 travel agency offices, shops, supermarkets, ATMs, dorm rooms (A/C and non-A/C) for rent, toilets, round-the-clock security, pure drinking water free of cost facilitated by a reverse-osmosis treatment plant, a 24-hour pharmacy, and first-aid facilities and medical assistance. Wheel chairs are provided for the physically disabled. In 2012, the number of reservation counters was increased from 6 to 16.[6]

It has been estimated that over 500,000 footfalls per day is being recorded at CMBT and over 4,800 buses, including intra-city and mofussil buses, ply in and out of CMBT.[citation needed]

Parking[edit]

There are provisions for parking 1,500 to 2,000 two-wheelers and 60 cars on the premises of the bus terminus.[7] A two-level underground two-wheeler parking lot was mooted in 2008 to decongest the entrance for the buses, which jostle for space with two-wheelers and cars. Initially, the project cost was estimated at INR 90 million. The underground parking project was taken up based on a study that estimated that the number of motorcycles parked there would be increased to 3,000 a day in the future. Work on the 6,000-sq.m project began in January 2009 and was completed in August 2010 at a cost of INR 170 million. The parking facility was inaugurated on 26 December 2010, by the then Deputy Chief Minister M.K.Stalin.[8] This is the first-of-its-kind facility in the city, built by the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority on a vacant land on the premises of the bus terminus abutting the Inner Ring Road, and the two parking levels, each measuring 3,000 sq.m and with a capacity of 1,500 vehicles, can accommodate a total of 3,000 two-wheelers at depths of 10 feet (3.0 m) and 20 feet (6.1 m). It has two ramps and three staircases. A fire-fighting system and surveillance cameras have been installed. The roof of the parking lot has been developed as a garden and has been provided with a sprinkler irrigation system, a pedestrian pathway, and a fountain.[9][10]

In March 2013, CMDA started constructing a new two-tier basement par­king facility in the terminus, adjacent to the existing lot. The new parking lot would accommodate about 2,500 vehicles, chiefly two wheelers, with a separate floor earmarked for cars.[11]

Other facilities[edit]

In June 2009, the Chennai City Police opened a "child-friendly centre" at the bus terminus to serve as a help booth for lost and wandering children and victims of child abuse.[12]

There are 64 closed-circuit camera (CCTV) installed in the terminus.

The future[edit]

Chennai Metro Rail is constructing an elevated Metro railway station inside the bus terminus.[13]

A 1-km long and 11-m wide flyover with three lanes in the Kaliamman Koil Street-Jawaharlal Nehru Salai junction is under consideration at an estimated cost of INR 500 million. The junction near Kaliamman Koil Street, which links Koyambedu with Virugambakkam, witnesses a traffic volume of 18,000 passenger car units per hour.[14]

Satellite mofussil bus termini will be set up in Velachery and Madhavaram at a total cost of INR 800 million[15] to ease traffic congestion in the city. Over 300 mofussil buses passing through East Coast Road and Rajiv Gandhi Salai, including those to Pondicherry, are likely to be accommodated in the Velachery facility. Buses passing through the Grand Northern Trunk Road are likely to be accommodated in the terminus at Madhavaram. Andhra-bound buses would be operated from the Madhavaram terminus. The satellite mofussil bus termini would have facilities similar to that of CMBT. A terminal hall, bus bays, large office space, shops, crew rest rooms and other incidental structures would be constructed. The Madhavaram terminus would cover about 8 acres and could handle 200 buses per day. The Velachery terminus, being built at a cost of INR 480 million,[15] would cover about 12 acres and could handle over 300 buses a day.[16] However, the satellite bus terminus proposal in Velachery has been put on hold in view of monorail project.[15]

An integrated multi-storeyed parking facility with two basements and above-ground floors that will house omnibuses and idle parking for buses of various state transport corporations in a 4-acre vacant site opposite the existing omnibus terminus for private buses. The top floor of the basement will be allotted for parking of four wheelers with a maximum capacity of 400 vehicles, while the floor underneath will house a two-wheeler parking facility that would accommodate 1,000 two-wheelers. The first floor will serve as idle parking for STC buses. The omnibus terminus near the vegetable market will be shifted to the ground floor of the new parking lot.[17]

In 2013, a multi-level parking terminal for buses and private omnibuses was proposed in an 8.75-acre plot adjoining the omnibus terminal.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dorairaj, S. (28 December 2005). "Koyambedu bus terminus gets ISO certification". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  2. ^ "கலக்கப் போகுது பிராட்வே பஸ் நிலையம்". Dinamalar (Chennai: Dinamalar). 22 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Jayalalithaa inaugurates new bus terminus in Chennai". The Hindu Business Line (Chennai: The Hindu). 19 November 2002. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  4. ^ "Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminal (CMBT)". CMDA. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  5. ^ "Bus terminus chokes under rush". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). 13 January 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  6. ^ Hemalatha, Karthikeyan (8 November 2012). "No space in Chennai bus terminus for extra buses during Diwali". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 9 Nov 2012. 
  7. ^ "Underground parking at CMBT by March". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times of India). 19 January 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  8. ^ "Underground parking inaugurated". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times of India). 27 December 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  9. ^ "Underground parking facility at Koyambedu awaits inauguration". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times of India). 8 December 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  10. ^ Sujatha, R. (27 December 2010). "Two-wheeler parking lot opened at Koyambedu bus terminus". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  11. ^ Sasidharan, S. (15 March 2013). "Two-tier parking facility at CMBT terminus soon". The Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: The Deccan Chronicle). Retrieved 24 Mar 2013. 
  12. ^ "Child help centre at Koyambedu bus terminus". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). 29 June 2007. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  13. ^ "Elevated metro stations to come up at 10 places". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times of India). 29 June 2010. Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  14. ^ Lakshmi, K. (21 July 2011). "Flyover near Koyambedu bus terminus proposed". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c Lopez, Aloysius Xavier (29 December 2011). "Velachery terminus plan put on hold". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 29 Dec 2011. 
  16. ^ Lopez, Aloysius Xavier (6 August 2011). "Two satellite mofussil bus termini planned". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 16 Oct 2011. 
  17. ^ Sasidharan, S. (6 April 2012). "CMBT to get multi-storey parking lot". Deccan Chronicle (Chennai: Deccan Chronicle). Retrieved 8 Apr 2012. 
  18. ^ "Koyambedu Central Bus Stand to be Modernised". Live Chennai.com (Chennai: livechennai.com). 12 August 2010. Retrieved 24 Nov 2012. 

External links[edit]