Chennimalai

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Chennimalai
city
Chennimalai Murugan Temple
Chennimalai Murugan Temple
Chennimalai is located in Tamil Nadu
Chennimalai
Chennimalai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°10′N 77°37′E / 11.17°N 77.62°E / 11.17; 77.62Coordinates: 11°10′N 77°37′E / 11.17°N 77.62°E / 11.17; 77.62
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Erode
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 15,526
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638051
Telephone code 914294
Vehicle registration TN-56

Chennimalai popularly known as the 'Handloom Town' is in Erode district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Geography[edit]

Chennimalai is located at 11°10′N 77°37′E / 11.17°N 77.62°E / 11.17; 77.62.[1] It has an average elevation of 320 metres (1082 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Chennimalai had a population of 15,526. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chennimalai has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 83% and female literacy of 67%. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The murugan temple is situated at about 490 meters above sea level and this hill is noted for its natural flora and fauna. This hill also has rare medicinal herbs in its lush green forests. In Devanagiri this hill is called Siragiri and Chenniyangiri. In Tamil it is called Chennimalai. The city underneath the hill is also called Chennimalai. Buses are provided to go for the temple.

Chennimalai stands No.1 Rank in Hand made Bed sheets, Handicrafts, Lungies, Hand Made Curtains, Hand Looms & Print Designs. Garments from here travels to all parts of Tamil Nadu & even North India. Many people here are running their Business in HandLooms & Power Looms.

Chennimalai Urban Area[edit]

Chennimalai city is continuously expanding at a faster rate and has now merged with Melapalayam, Mugasipidariyur, Ammapalayam and Pasuvapatti villages and the town is expected to be upgraded into a Municipality by merging these areas. Chennimalai has its own Bus Station which is located at its southern end and it is busy throughout the day. Important landmarks of the town are Kumaran Sathukkam (Vandipettai), Thaer Nilayam, Sandai and Kumarapuri. Kanuvai is a narrow pass in the Chennimalai hill which is traversed by SH 96 and it is noted for the scenic drive.

Important tourist spots in and around Chennimalai[edit]

  • Chennimalai Subramanya Swami Temple on the top of the hill
  • Chennimalai Kailasanathar Temple
  • Bhavani Kooduthurai
  • Kodumudi Temple
  • Bannari Amman Temple
  • Bhavani Sagar Dam
  • Tiruchengode Arthanareeswarar Temple
  • Pariyur Kaliamman Temple
  • Sivanmalai Temple
  • Paranjervazhi Kariakaali Amman Temple
  • Vijayamangalam Jain Temple (historical importance)
  • St. Xavier's R.C. Church, K G Valasu
  • Ingur Thambiratti Amman Temple

Famous social welfare trust[edit]

  • Commando Boys Social Welfare Trust

Transport[edit]

There are buses available to CHENNAI, Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Erode, Kangeyam, Dharapuram, Palani, Madurai, Gobi Karur, Paramathi Velur, Tiruchengode, Salem and various other towns of Tamil Nadu. Nearby Airports are Coimbatore Airport, Salem Airport and Tiruchirappalli Airport.

Bus Routes

  • 11 - Erode via Myladi, Vellode and Kavundichipalayam
  • C5 - Perundurai and Kangeyam via Ingur and Naal Road
  • C10 - Sivagiri and Vilakkethi via Kalikkavalasu, Murungathozhuvu and Arachalur
  • 11A - Erode via Mukasipulavanpalayam
  • 11C - Erode via MPN Nagar
  • 11D - Erode via Perundurai R.S., Pungampadi, Mettukkadai and Thindal
  • 20A - Erode via Vellode, Kanagapuram and Lotus Hospital
  • C3 - Nathakadayur via Kalikkavalasu, Komarapalayam and K.G. Valasu
  • 1 - Kangeyam and Kanjikoil
  • 1B - Kangeyam via Savadipalayam and Maravapalayam
  • C14 - Vijayamangalam via Vaipadi
  • C8 - Ezhumathur via Kalikkavalasu, Murungathozhuvu and Unjapalayam
  • C13 - Uthukuli
  • C1 - Sivagiri via Arachalur
  • P2A - Kavandapadi via Perundurai
  • K1,1A-kangayam via basuvapatti, Chennimalai palayam

Chennimalai is the main bus route between Erode and Palani. Now TNSTC is operating new services from Palani to Bengaluru and from Erode to Udumalpet via Chennimalai, and from gobi to madurai via Perundurai, Chennimalai, Dharapuram, Dhindugal.

A proposed rail route between Erode and Palani is going to benefit the people of Chennimalai and make a tourism circuit connecting the world famous temples of Lord Muruga at Palani, Sivanmalai and Chennimalai.

SH-96 passes through Chennimalai town connecting Erode with Kangeyam via Perundurai and this route is used by Sabarimala devotees from Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. There is also a proposal of new State Highway connecting Tirupur with Karur via Chennimalai and Uthukuli. There is also a proposal to upgrade Erode-Chennimalai route via Vellode into a State Highway.

Textile industry[edit]

The people here are very talented in producing hand made fabrics but the problem is unemployment. Chennimalai handloom products are well known for their high quality and long life. It is the home for various handloom co-operative societies like

  • Kalicoptex (employing more than 2500 people and famous for producing new designs and high quality products by the weavers of Kalikkavalasu)
  • Chenkumartex
  • Chencoptex (employing more than 2000 people)
  • Chentex
  • P.K. Pudur Tex
  • Mayiltex
  • Metrotex
  • Kongutex
  • Kamarajtex
  • Gandhijitex

These co-operative societies are the employers for thousands of weavers. For providing housing facilities to the handloom weavers, a colony of 1010 individual houses (considered to be one of the biggest in Asia) were built at the outskirts of Chennimalai City.

Powerlooms also give plenty of employment opportunity to the people of Chennimalai. At any time, one can hear the noise of powerlooms running everywhere in Chennimalai area. Hence, Chennimalai faces the problem of noise pollution and also air pollution due to dust from the looms. The fabric made here is of extremely high quality and hence preferred by North Indians during winter despite of the cost.

Chennimalai Hill[edit]

This temple is situated at about 400 meters above sea level, and this hill is noted for its natural flora and fauna. This hill also has rare medicinal herbs in its lush green forests. In Devanagiri this hill is called Siragiri and Chenniyangiri. In Tamil it is called Chennimalai. The city underneath the hill is also called Chennimalai.

This hill is also called Sigaragiri, Pushpagiri and Siragiri. The Lord of mountains 'Kuringi Andavar', Murugan is highly praised and sung with reference to this abode in Kundruthorâdal. Chennimalai is one of them and abounds in natural beauty and splendor.

The hill is home to hundreds of Peacocks, monkeys, rabbits, snakes and other reptiles. Recently there were instances of people sighting spotted deers around Chennimalai.

Flora includes trees like Neem, Banyan, Tamarind and variety of shrubs. Mountains of kodaikanal, Sathyamangalam and Anthiyur are clearly visible from the top of the hill. It takes a 15 minutes drive to reach the hill temple by road and it gives a thrilling experience while travelling through the lush green forest and the steep slopes slopes on the side.

The Temple of Lord Subramanya[edit]

Special Features

The most famous temple of Lord Muruga in Erode District is Chennimalai. This world famous temple of Lord Muruga is where Lord Arunagirinathar was blessed with "Padikasu", wealth of coins. This is where an unusual phenomenon, rather a miracle took place in the year 1984 on 12 February. A bullock cart with two bulls climbed the 1320 steps on their own on this eventful day. Saravana Munivar wrote the most popular Chennimalai Sthalapuranam before 700 years. Milk and curds are used as special offerings to Lord Muruga in Chennimalai and it is the general belief that curds do not become sour here.

Temple

The temple of Chennimalai is situated on the banks of Noyyal also called Kânchima Nadhi. The Sanctum Sanctorum faces the east. Just in front of the temple we find the Puliyadi Vinâyagar. Inside the temple to the right of Moolavar we find the shrines of Mârkandeswarar and to the left Umayavalli. On the left side we find the shrines of Kasi Viswanâthar and Visâlâkshi.

If we take the steps found just behind the Moolavar Sannidhi, we reach the Valli Teyvannai Temple. The two consorts enshrined in a separate temple are a very unique phenomenon. On the top of the hill we find the Pinnâkau Siddhar cave with the front yard filled with Vel of different sizes and shapes. This Siddhar is one of the popular 18 Siddhar known to the world for their Siddha yoga. Near this cave we find the Saravana Mâmunivar's Tomb. There is also another very ancient cave near this temple.

Speciality of this temple

The main deity Murugan is equated to the Sevvai graham or planet Mars and all the rest of the eight planets encircle the Lord in perfect harmony. If one circumambulates the main deity he is believed to get the benefit of circumambulating the navagrahâs and worshipping them.

Valli Teyvannai Temple

As we go further up behind the temple we see the Valli Teyvannai temple. They are in penance to attain Lord Muruga. They are known by the names Amirthavalli and Sundaravalli. A separate temple for Valli and Teyvannai is the most unique feature of this temple.

Shasti Vratam

The observance of Shasti fast is also a special feature in this temple. Many devotees take this vow and spend 6 days fasting and praying at the temple premises. The monthly Shasti day after the new moon is also observed with great reverence. Particularly those devotees without progeny sincerely observe this Shasti fast and there are many instances of families coming traditionally on getting their vow fulfilled.

Sirasuppu Utharavu Kêttal

Asking for the Lord's permission before taking up any task like building a new house or getting their children married or any other issue is customary in this temple. Devotees offer an Archnai and perform Sirasappu offering. If the reply is positive they whole-heartedly perform that action or event. Traditionally if the answer is negative the Devotees do not venture further.

Holy water brought by the Temple Bulls

The holy water for Abishekam is being brought everyday by the temple bulls from the well located at Adivaram by crossing 1330 steps to reach the temple, which are being maintained by the Devasthanam. This procedure is also a very unique one not found in other temples.

Mamanga Theertham

Once in twelve years, during drought conditions a spring gushes out water. This spring is on the southern side of the hill temple. This is a miraculous Divine happening. The Vinâyagar near the spring called Mamânga Theertha Vinâyagar. The people worship this Vinâyagar and the holy springs with great Devotion.

Kanda Shasti Kavacham offering[edit]

The popular daily prayer of Murugan Devotees, Kanda Shasti Kavacham was first offered to the world in this temple by Balan Dêvarâya Swamigal. From that day onwards till today many devotees keep chanting this prayer every day.

Car festival[edit]

The car festival that comes in the Tamil month of 'Thai' attracts lakhs of devotees flooding the temple of Lord Muruga. The car starts from East Raja street, then through South Raja street, West Raja street and North Raja street again reaches East Raja Street. The town remains flooded by devotees for almost a week and lots of temporary shops occupy the road sides.

Other important festivals are Chitra Pournami, Kanda sashti, Agni Nakshathram, Panguni Thaer, Chennimalai Mariamman festival, Ekkattampalayam Mariamman festival, Murungathozhuvu Mariamman festival, etc. During the second day of pongal 'Poo Parikkum Thiruvizha' is celebrated as a part of Pongal celebrations and can see people going to the hills for plucking holy flowers, having food in the hills sharing with friends and relatives and performing 'Kummi' songs and dance which is unique to Kongu tradition and culture.

Birthplace of tirupur Kumaran[edit]

Chennimalai Kumaran (Tamil: சென்னிமலை குமரன்) (1904–1932) who was born in Chennimalai, his name is nachimuthu, was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Indian independence movement. Kumaran died from injuries sustained from a Police assault during a protest march against the British colonial government on January 11, 1932. Kumaran died holding the flag of the Indian Nationalists, which had been banned by the British.

Kodumanal archeological site[edit]

Kodumanal is a village located near Chennimalai in the Erode district in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was once a flourishing ancient trade city known as Kodumanam, as inscribed in Patittrupathu of Sangam literature. The place is an important archaeological site, under the control of State Archaeological Department of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the northern banks of Noyyal River, a tributary of the Cauvery.

The ancient city

The inhabitants of this destroyed ancient city of Chera dynasty were highly skilled craftsmen, who were specialized in making beads and high-quality iron. The place is referred to in Sangam literature as an important industrial centre that had links with the Chola port city of Kaveripoompattinam, now called Poompuhar.

Roman trade route

The city played a major role in Indo-Roman trade and relations, as the ancient city is located on the mid-way of a Roman trade route, linking Muziris port[3] on the Malabar Coast with the Kaveripoompattinam (Puhar) Port in the Coromandel Coast.

Megalithic Tombs

Excavations have been carried out and it came out with the layers of a megalithic-cum-early tombs of historic period. Also there were two female and one male human skeleton were recovered from a pit burial in this site. A set of 300 megalithic tombs of different types and sizes were observed and recorded in this area. The ancient city has been destroyed in time and now the area is available with the remains of a megalithic settlement dating back to the 2nd century BC. Apparently, this was the centre for the Romans who visited to obtain beryls from Kodumanal. The megalithic communities that flourished in this site belong to the period of 2nd century BC to 2nd century AD.

Iron and metal

This place was once celebrated for its trade in precious stones like Garnet, Carnelian, Lapis Lazuli, Sapphire and Quartz. The people of this city were experts in manufacturing the finest iron. The Iron Pillar in Qutub Complex in Delhi, a rustless wonder was built by the Wrought iron produced from this place.

Collections

Excavations also came out with ancient iron objects such as arrowheads and swords. Also they have collected Roman artefacts, iron-melting furnaces, beads, shell bangles and pottery with the Brahmi scripts from the habitation deposits and burials. The other collections from the excavation of this site include roulette rottery, Roman silver coins, and gold and silver spirals. And a bronze statue of a lion and an iron-melting furnace were the important one's helpful in deciding the past history.

Important celebrities / personalities of Chennimalai:

  • Eeesana Sivachariyar.
  • Thiyagi Thirupur Kumaran ( kodi kaaththa kumaran born in Chennimalai)
  • Padmasree MP Nachimuthu Mudalaliar. Founder of famous Chennimalai Chentex Handloom weavers' society and President of Madras state of Co-optex
  • National Sahithya Academy Title winner Poet Tamizhanban
  • Shri V.S.M. Nanjappa Mudaliar, Former President Chennimalai Panchayat /Founder Chennimalai Manivasaga Manram
  • Shri K Chinnasamy Gounder. Former Chairman Chennimalai Panchayat Union / Founder Chencoptex Handloom weavers' Industrial society
  • & Tamil Nadu state Vivasaikal Sangam
  • Shri K.M.C. Periasami Mudaliar, Author of book.." Chennimalai Velavar Sirappu"
  • Shri K.M.C. Chinnappan. Former President Chennimalai Panchayat / President Handloom weaving and dyeing factory owners association
  • Shri M.S.K. Natraj Former President Chennimalai Panchayat / Founder president Chennimalai Chenkumar handloom weavers' society

Villages in Chennimalai Union[edit]

It has more village panchayats than other municipalities.

  • Mugasipidariyur
  • Thippampalayam (surrounded by three mountains named Chennimalai, Shivanmalai, Kaithamalai)
  • Pudhupalayam (surrounded by three mountains named Chennimalai, Shivanmalai, Kaithamalai)
  • Ingur
  • Mugasi Anumanpalli
  • Vadamugam Vellode
  • Kavundichipalayam
  • Kumaravalasu
  • Mugasi Pulavanpalayam
  • Pasuvapatti
  • Ekkattampalayam
  • Palatholuvu
  • Murungathozhuvu
  • Ottapparai
  • Ulagapuram

Agriculture[edit]

Lower Bhavani Project Canal irrigates the villages around Chennimalai such as Thalavumalai, K.G. Valasu, Vadugapalayam, Semalaipalayam, Uppilipalayam, Karungoundenvalasu, Kuppichipalayam, Nathakkaattuvalasu, Raikangadu, Vannaangadu, Pasuvapatti, Kunnangattuvalasu, Ayyampalayam, Sillankattuvalasu, Thippampalayam, Vaikalpudur, etc.,. There are also rain water harvesting ponds and lakes around Chennimalai in the villages of Palatholuvu, Namakkalpalayam, kolathupalayam, ottaparai, Murangathozhuvu, Kalikkavalasu, Pudupalayam, Sillankattuvalasu, etc. The principal crops of Chennimalai region are rice, coconut, turmeric, sugarcane, tapioca, sorghum, maize, sunflower, tobacco and vegetable crops. The weekly market called 'sandhai' on every Friday attracts thousands of people for buying vegetables and fruits directly from the farmers.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Polytechnic colleges[edit]

  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi Polytechnic College
  • Erode Kongu Polytechnic College

Colleges[edit]

  • MPNMJ Engineering College
  • Ingur Vidhya Mandhir Engineering College
  • Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai
  • Erode Builders Institute of Technology, Nathakadayur
  • Cherran Arts and Science College, Thittuparai
  • Dheeran Chinnamalai
  • Tirupur Kumaran
  • Erode Tamilanban

Cinema theatres[edit]

  • Annamar Dolby Digital
  • BalamurugaN
  • Devagiri

Gold jewellers[edit]

  • ERK Jewellers
  • Rathi Jewelers
  • Malar Jewellers
  • Abirami Jewellers
  • Vaishnavi Jewellers

Home appliances[edit]

  • Kavitha Sales Corporation
  • Amman departmental stores
  • Amman stores
  • Sri Nagamal Metal Mart
  • Vishwanathan Metal Mart

Neighbouring towns[edit]

  • Coimbatore, educational institutions, textile, industrial hub (80 km)
  • Kangeyam, which is 18 km away
  • Perundurai, industrial town (13 km)
  • Tirupur, (30 km)
  • Erode, textile and industrial city (25 km)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chennimalai
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Kochi/more-studies-needed-at-pattanam/article4743789.ece