Chenzhou

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Chenzhou
郴州市
Prefecture-level city
Chenzhou in Hunan and the PRC
Chenzhou in Hunan and the PRC
Coordinates: 25°48′N 113°03′E / 25.800°N 113.050°E / 25.800; 113.050Coordinates: 25°48′N 113°03′E / 25.800°N 113.050°E / 25.800; 113.050
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Area
 • Total 19,317 km2 (7,458 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 4,559,600
 • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 423000
Area code(s) 0735
License plate prefixes L
GDP(2006) CNY 240.81 billion
Website en.czs.gov.cn

Chenzhou (Chinese: 郴州; pinyin: Chēnzhōu) is a city located in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China. Its administrative area covers 19,317 square kilometres (7,458 sq mi), 9.2% of the provincial area, and its total population reached 4,559,600 as of 2001, 26% of them living in urban areas, 74% of them live in rural areas.[1]

History[edit]

Chenzhou was the site of a large investigation when its municipal government and party committee, led by Secretary Li Dalun, was charged on multiple counts of corruption in June 2006.

Geography[edit]

Chenzhou is situated at the juncture of Hunan and Guangdong provinces at the foot of Qitianling Hill of the Nanling Mountain Range. Places of interest, natural scenic spots, ancient relics and buildings make for over 100 tourism spots in the city. The major ones are the Suxian Hill, the Wanhuayan the Dongjiang Lake and the Wugai Mountain Hunting Field.

Climate[edit]

Chenzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Spring is subject to heavy rainfall, while the summers are long, hot, and humid with lesser rainfall, and autumn is comfortable and rather dry. Winter is rather brief, but cold snaps occur with temperatures occasionally dropping below freezing, and while not heavy, rain can be frequent.

Climate data for Chenzhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.9
(53.4)
16.1
(61)
22.9
(73.2)
27.4
(81.3)
31.1
(88)
34.2
(93.6)
33.2
(91.8)
28.9
(84)
23.8
(74.8)
18.3
(64.9)
13.5
(56.3)
22.6
(72.7)
Average low °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
14.9
(58.8)
19.4
(66.9)
23.3
(73.9)
25.4
(77.7)
24.5
(76.1)
20.9
(69.6)
15.5
(59.9)
9.8
(49.6)
5.0
(41)
14.7
(58.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 79.7
(3.138)
115.0
(4.528)
147.4
(5.803)
194.8
(7.669)
206.0
(8.11)
176.2
(6.937)
107.3
(4.224)
175.0
(6.89)
93.7
(3.689)
69.3
(2.728)
64.0
(2.52)
45.5
(1.791)
1,473.9
(58.027)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 17.1 16.8 19.9 18.5 18.3 15.5 11.3 14.0 12.2 13.5 11.6 10.4 179.1
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit]

  • Beihu District (北湖区), 815 km2 (315 sq mi). Population: 300,000 (2003).
  • Suxian District (苏仙区), 1,342 km2 (518 sq mi). Population: 249,900
  • Zixing City (资兴市) 2,716 km2 (1,049 sq mi). Population: 360,000
  • Guiyang County (桂阳县), 2,954 km2 (1,141 sq mi). Population: 790,000
  • Yongxing County (永兴县), 1,979 km2 (764 sq mi). Population: 630,000
  • Yizhang County (宜章县), 2,086 km2 (805 sq mi). Population: 560,000
  • Jiahe County (嘉禾县), 696 km2 (269 sq mi). Population: 340,000
  • Linwu County (临武县), 1,375 km2 (531 sq mi). Population: 310,000
  • Rucheng County (汝城县), 2,424 km2 (936 sq mi). Population: 360,000
  • Guidong County (桂东县), 1,453 km2 (561 sq mi). Population: 170,000
  • Anren County (安仁县), 1,461 km2 (564 sq mi). Population: 390,000

Economy[edit]

Major deposits of tungsten, bismuth and molybdenum make Chenzhou a production base for non-ferrous metals.

Tourism[edit]

The areas of interest in this region include:万华岩(underground cave, translated to Magnificent rocks) 五盖山, Wugai Mountain Hunting Field, 苏仙岭, Suxian Hill and 东江湖, Dongjiang Lake.

苏仙岭, Suxian Hill It is located about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) east of Chenzhou, covering 15 square km. Beautiful peaks and dense forests give the place the reputation of being "the 18th blessed land in China".

五盖山, Wugai Mountain Hunting Field Situated 30 km (19 mi) away from Chenzhou it has over 8,000 hectares of land and can offer for hunters many kinds of animals which are permitted to be hunted. Hotels and campsites are available. It is the only hunting field in southern China.

东江湖, Dongjiang Lake Located in Zixing, it covers an area of 160 square km and can contain 8.12 billion cubic meters of water, equaling half of the Dongting Lake. Dongjiang Lake is wide and misty, dotted with islets and docks. Around it mountains rise and fall and embrace new small villages, forming a unique picture of mountains and water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) Demographics of Chenzhou, Official website of Chenzhou Government, August 28, 2007.

External links[edit]