Cheonjiyeon Waterfall

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Cheonjiyeon Waterfall
Cheonjiyeon Waterfall is located in South Korea
Cheonjiyeon Waterfall
Location of Cheonjiyeon on the map
Location Korea, Jeju Province
Coordinates 33°14′49.0″N 126°33′15.9″E / 33.246944°N 126.554417°E / 33.246944; 126.554417Coordinates: 33°14′49.0″N 126°33′15.9″E / 33.246944°N 126.554417°E / 33.246944; 126.554417
Total height 22 m (72 ft)
Number of drops 1
Total width 12 m (39 ft)
Cheonjiyeon Waterfall
Cheonjiyeon Waterfall at Night.jpg
Cheonjiyeon Waterfall at Night
Korean name
Hangul 천지연폭포
Hanja 天地淵瀑布
Revised Romanization Cheonjiyeon Waterfall
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ŏnjiyŏn Waterfall
Waterfall on Jeju Island, Korea

Cheonjiyeon Waterfall is a waterfall on Jeju Island, South Korea.[1] Literally, the name Cheonjiyeon means sky (Ch'eon) connected with land (ji).[1] It is one of the main tourist attractions on Jeju-do.[2][3] It is 22 m (72 ft) high and 12 m (39 ft) wide.[4][5] Though water always falls in one particular area, depending on the amount of recent rain, the water may spread out.[2] At the bottom of the waterfall is an artificial pond that is 20 m (66 ft) deep.[5] Two small dams help keep the water at a specific level.[2] Large volcanic rocks form landbridges that allow tourists to pose for photographs in front of the falls.[6] These falls are characterized by its trachyte andesite rocks.[7] The source of Cheonjiyeon Waterfall is a spring that comes out of the floor of the Somban Stream.[8] The stream Yeonhee-chun is the source of the waterfall.[9] The waterfall is one of the three famous waterfalls of Jeju, the other two being Cheonjeyeon Waterfall and Jeongbang Waterfall.[2]

Cheonjiyeon Waterfall during the day.

In order to reach the waterfall, visitors must walk on a landscaped trail.[2] Near the beginning of the path is a traditional Korean raft called t'e-u (테우), symbolizing Korean culture.[2] It is the most popular at night, because the falls are illuminated.[5] At night, the "Hidden Face," a formation of rocks, may be visible with the night lights, and the falls are popular for lovers.[2][5] The Cheonjiyeon Waterfall is also known for its diverse plant and animal life, as the path to the waterfall goes through a garden of subtropical plants.[4][5][1] Migratory ducks,[2] Elaeocarpus sylvestris var. ellipticus (Natural Monument no. 163), Psilotum nudum, and Castanopsis cuspidata var. sieboldii, Xylosma congestum, and Camellia are some examples of the flora and fauna around the falls.[10] Just before reaching the falls on the path, one must cross a bridge from which a wide variety of koi fish can be seen below.[6] Along the way are three piles of stacked or balanced rocks that are a common sight throughout the whole of South Korea. In olden days, a person would place a small stone under a larger stone and pray for the health and prosperity of their family.[6] Its pond is known for being a habitat of the marbled eel (Anguilla marmorata), which is mainly active at night.[4] Known as the Mutae (무태) eel, it is classified in Korea as Natural Monument no. 27.[1][5]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lee, Cecilia Hae-Jin. (2008). Frommer's South Korea. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-470-18191-1. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cheonjiyeon Waterfall Travel Guide". lifeinkorea.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ Park, David; Njite (2010). "Relationship between Destination Image and Tourists' Future Behavior: Observations from Jeju Island, Korea". Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research 15 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1080/10941660903510024. 
  4. ^ a b c "Cheonjiyeon Waterfall on Jeju Island in South Korea". The Global Lion: 12. December 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Cheonjiyeon Waterfall Jeju Travel to Cheonjiyeon Waterfall Jeju Cheonjiyeon Waterfall in Jeju". AsiaRooms.com. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "Three Most Famous Waterfalls in Jeju Island". centervacation.com. 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Jeju: Cheonjiyeon Fall". Busan Port International Passenger Terminal. 2005. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  8. ^ Heo, Ji-yun (16 September 2009). "KCTV: Jeju's Seogwipo Formation & Cheonjiyeon Waterfall". Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Oh, Duck Chul; Choi, Young Chan; Ko, Yong Ku (1992). "An Investigation of the Water Quality of the Streams in Sogwipo City". 한국육수학회지 25 (1): 20–30. 
  10. ^ "MSK's 50th Anniversary International Symposium on Microbiology 2009 - Tour Programs". Retrieved 5 January 2011. 

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