Cheorwon County

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This article is about the South Korean county. For the neighboring county of the same name in North Korea, see Chorwon County.
Cheorwon
철원군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Cheorwon-gun
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏrwŏn-gun
Official logo of Cheorwon
Emblem of Cheorwon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Gwandong
Administrative divisions 4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 • Total 899.82 km2 (347.42 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 54,040
 • Density 60.05/km2 (155.5/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon

Cheorwon County (Cheorwon-gun [tɕʰʌlwʌn ɡun]), also spelt Chorwon, is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. It is located right next to the border with North Korea.

History[edit]

Korean War[edit]

Following the Division of Korea in 1945, all of Cheorwon County was part of North Korea.

During the Korean War the region changed hands several times during the UN invasion of North Korea and the Chinese invasion of South Korea, by 1951 the frontlines had stabilized, cutting across Cheorwon County and the area became part of the Iron Triangle battlefield. The Battle of White Horse took place north of Cheorwon town from 6–15 October 1952 and the Battle of Triangle Hill took place north of Gimhwa-eup from 14 October - 25 November 1952.

Following the signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement, the Korean Demilitarized Zone cut Cheorwon County in two, creating Cheorwon County in South Korea and Chorwon County in North Korea.

A number of Korean War sites in Cheorwon County are now tourist destinations including the former Woljeong-ri Station, the former Korean Workers’ Party Office, the Iron Triangle Tourist Office, the Second Incursion Tunnel and the Cheorwon Peace Observatory[2]

Symbol[edit]

  • County Tree : Korean Nut Pine
  • County Flower : Royal Azalea
  • County Bird : Crane

Location[edit]

Cheorwon plays an important role in providing passage from Seoul to Wonsan and Kumgangsan

Since the expansion of the 43 National Road which connects Cheorwon and Seoul, the ease of transportation has been improved greatly.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Cheorwon (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
4.2
(39.6)
9.8
(49.6)
17.5
(63.5)
22.5
(72.5)
26.2
(79.2)
27.7
(81.9)
28.7
(83.7)
24.8
(76.6)
18.9
(66)
10.4
(50.7)
3.1
(37.6)
16.2
(61.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
10.4
(50.7)
16.3
(61.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
18.7
(65.7)
11.5
(52.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−2.8
(27)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.3
(37.9)
10.3
(50.5)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
19.9
(67.8)
13.5
(56.3)
5.3
(41.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
4.7
(40.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.6
(0.811)
26.4
(1.039)
40.2
(1.583)
64.0
(2.52)
102.0
(4.016)
138.0
(5.433)
400.9
(15.783)
338.2
(13.315)
148.5
(5.846)
44.7
(1.76)
46.4
(1.827)
21.2
(0.835)
1,391.2
(54.772)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 6.3 7.9 8.0 9.7 11.3 17.0 14.1 8.7 6.8 7.7 7.9 112.7
 % humidity 68.9 64.9 62.6 58.9 65.5 72.1 80.7 79.9 76.8 72.9 71.1 70.6 70.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.4 166.3 178.7 195.8 207.8 178.4 128.4 165.0 178.6 192.5 147.7 149.4 2,050.1
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[4]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ :: Welcome to Cheorwon county! ::
  2. ^ "PLZ (Peace & Life Zone) Section 4 Cherwon". Korea Tourism Organisation. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Welcome to Cheorwon county! ::
  4. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 철원(95)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  5. ^ 제주특별자치도 서귀포시 방문을 환영합니다

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°12′33″N 127°13′03″E / 38.20917°N 127.21750°E / 38.20917; 127.21750