Chepni people

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The Chepni were an ancient Turkic boy or oymak (clan).[1]

In the legend of Oghuz Qaghan, the Chepni was stated as one of the clans of the tribe of Gök Han that consists of Pecheneg (Beçenek ), Bayandur (Bayındır ), Chavuldur (Çavuldur ) and Chepni, a part of Üç-Oklar branch of Oghuz Turks.[2] According to Mahmud al-Kashgari's Diwan Lugat at-Turk (Arabic: ديوان لغات الترك, "Compendium of Turkic Dialects"), it was 21st tribe of the 22 tribes.[3]

Their religion was Islam (Sunni and Alevi). According to a Turkish historian, Faruk Sümer, the first murids of Hajji Bektash may be the Chepni residents of Suluca Kara Üyük (now a town of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey)[4] and some Turkish historians claim that Hajj Bektash may be of Chepni origin.[5] Chepni people had an important role in the conquest of Trebizond during the 15th century whereas they had already started to conquer the provinces of Samsun and Sinop in 13th centuries. Most of Turkish people who settle in Trabzon, Giresun, Ordu and Samsun descend from Chepni people.[6]

Chepni Tamga according to Mahmud Kashgari[3]

See also[edit]

Kayı tribe

References[edit]

  1. ^ Magnarella, Paul, Tradition and change in a Turkish town, Schenkman Pub. Co., 1981, p 35.
  2. ^ Faruk Sümer, Oğuzlar: Türkmenler, Tarihleri, Boy Teşkilâtı, Destanları, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1992, ISBN 978-975-498-048-6, p. 172.
  3. ^ a b Besim Atalay (ed.), Divanü Lügati't - Türk, Cilt I, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2006, ISBN 975-16-0405-2, p. 57.
  4. ^ Faruk Sümer, Çepniler: Anadolu'daki Türk Yerleşmesinde Önemli Rol Oynayan Bir Oğuz Boyu, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı, 1992, ISBN 975-498-052-7, p. 22.
  5. ^ Halil İbrahim Türkyılmaz, Dünden Yarına Tüm Yönleriyle Eynesil, Eynesilliler Kültür ve Yardımlaşma Derneği, 1995, p. 50.
  6. ^ İnan, K. (2003), Trabzon'un Osmanlılar tarafından Fethi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, Sayı: 14, Yıl: 2013, Erciyes University, Turkey