||It has been suggested that this article be merged with Chera Dynasties. (Discuss) Proposed since November 2010.|
King of the Cheras
|Reference style||Cheraman Perumal|
Myths around Cheraman Perumal
The sudden disappearance of the last Cheraman Perumal led to various myths created around his fate. Upon the termination of tenure of the last Cheraman perumal, he is believed to have been ventured to one of the following places:
- Mecca (which gave rise to the story of Tajuddeen Cheraman Perumal)
- Kailash (which gave rise to the story of Cheraman Perumal Nayanaar)
- Any Buddhist site such as Kapilavastu, Lumbini, Saranath
- Nalanda university, which was once headed by Buddhists from Kerala.
But the lack of proof regarding his travel to any of these places made his disappearance, a mystery. There are however other tales that finalize the fate of Cheraman Perumal as:
- Husband of Kshatriya woman and three Sudra girls, who beget the future kings of Kerala.
- King who sent message to Ceylon to bring back the carpenters,under the protection of Ezhavas.
- One who went to Mecca in 843 A.D. and converted to Islam taking the name of Abdul Rahman Samiri.
- The one most popularly told in Muslim circles, as one who witnessed splitting of moon and converted to Islam by Mohammed with the name of Thiya-uj-uddan (Crown of Faith).
- One who gave sword to Nayar chief at Calicut making him the Samootri of Calicut.
- King who gave trade rights to Christian merchants.
- One who gave cap to Ayikkara Yajamanan, symbolising his authority.
- King who became Saivite saint, visited Siva temples across south India along with Sundarar, then became faithful steward of Siva in Kailasa.
- Had become Buddhist.
- The title has sometimes mistakenly been taken to refer exclusively to some kings of the dynasty, particularly Rama Varma Kulashekhara and Rajashekhara Varman, but Hermann Gundert has observed that the title "Cheraman" is simply the name of the dynasty of Chera. Menon, T. Madhava (trans.), Kerala Pazhama: Gundert's Antiquity of Kerala.
- S.N., Sadasivan (Jan 2000), "Caste Invades Kerala", A Social History of India (in English), APH Publishing, p. 303,304,305, ISBN 817648170X
- Wentworth, Blake (04-24-2013). "Bhakti Demands Biography: Crafting the Life of a Tamil Saint". UC Berkeley.
- Roman Karur, Dr. Nagaswamy R., (1995), Brahadish Publications, Chennai
- India's President makes a visit to the mosque, Hindu.com
- The Land of the Permauls. Cochin, Its Past and Its Present 1863. Chapter 2. Page 44, The Last "Permaul." Dr. Francis Day.