Cherhill

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For the hamlet in Canada, see Cherhill, Alberta.
Cherhill
Cherhill is located in Wiltshire
Cherhill
Cherhill
 Cherhill shown within Wiltshire
Population 720 (in 2001)[1]
OS grid reference SU0349670167
Civil parish Cherhill
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Calne
Postcode district SN11
Dialling code 01249
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Website http://www.cherhill.org/Village_website/Home.html
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°25′48″N 1°56′59″W / 51.430013°N 1.949694°W / 51.430013; -1.949694

Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough and about 87 miles (140 km) west of London.

Overview[edit]

Cherhill is known for the Cherhill White Horse cut into the chalk hillside in 1780, the Landsdowne obelisk on the Cherhill Downs, and the crop circles that appeared in the fields at the bottom of the Downs. The area around the horse and obelisk is owned by the National Trust.

Cherhill White Horse seen from the village

On a clear day, the 840 ft (260 m) summit offers fine views, up to 25 miles (with the water tower at Tetbury in Gloucestershire visible). Atop the tall hill to the north of the village, opposite to Cherhill downs, it is said to be possible to see the Severn crossings to South Wales, 38 miles (61 km) to the west.

Population and community[edit]

Cherhill has a population of around 900 people with a mixture of housing ranging from thatched cottages (some ranging back to the 14th Century) to newly built detached houses. It has a church, school, pub, village hall and cricket team. The local community spirit is typical of a close-knit village community. Cherhill parish forms part of The Oldbury Benefice together with Compton Bassett, Yatesbury, Heddington and Calstone Wellington.

Location[edit]

Cherhill lies on an old coaching road, now called the A4, which runs from central London to Bristol. Its nearest railway station is Chippenham on the GWR line, which is a stop for direct services between London Paddington and Bristol Temple Meads. The nearest motorway junction is junction 17 of the M4 north of Chippenham, 15 miles (24 km) away from Cherhill. The village is served by the Wigglybus scheme, which runs from Cherhill and other surrounding villages into nearby Calne and connects to further transport links.

Governance[edit]

Cherhill has its own Parish Council, with a mostly consultative role, while the Wiltshire Council unitary authority is responsible for all significant local government functions. The parish forms part of the much larger Wiltshire North parliamentary constituency.[2]

History[edit]

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-1872) says of Cherhill:[3]

Near the village is the Lansdowne Monument, or Cherhill Monument, a 125-foot stone obelisk erected in 1845 by the Third Marquis of Lansdowne in honour of his ancestor Sir William Petty.[4]

Cherhill White Horse and Oldbury Hill Fort[edit]

The Cherhill White horse was cut out of the hillside in 1780. It has been restored several times due to chalk being washed away and weeds growing on it. The horse is visible from miles around and has become a landmark synonymous with the village and local area. The most recent restoration to the delicate chalk carving took place in 2006.

In 2005, the horse was covered in black stripes to give it more of an exotic appearance, the owners of a local car franchise were attempting to make it appear more like a Panda (although it more closely resembled a Zebra), as a publicity stunt to help launch a new vehicle of the same name.

The top of the National Trust owned Cherhill Downs is home to the neolithic settlement, Oldbury Hill Fort. From here it is possible to see the route of an ancient Roman road heading toward the nearby Wansdyke trade route. The top of the hill is popular with ramblers, dog walkers and power kiters, owing to the powerful winds in action.

The Cherhill Gang[edit]

The Cherhill Gang was a notorious group of highway men who operated in the 18th century on the London to Bath main road (A4) which passes through the village — they were noted for their robbery technique of attacking the carriages of rich Londoners while completely naked, thus shocking passengers into handing over their money and also making it harder to identify them. A painting depicting one such attack can be seen in the Black Horse pub, on the A4 main road in the village.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Plenderleath, Rev. W. C., On the White Horses of Wiltshire and Its Neighbourhood (Wilts Archaeological Magazine, vol. 14 for the year 1872, pp. 12-30)
  • Plenderleath, Rev. W. C., White Horses of the West of England (London, Allen & Storr, 1892)
  • Plenderleath, Rev. W. C., Plenderleath’s Memoranda of Cherhill (2001)[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Cherhill Census Information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Descriptive Gazetteer entry for CHERHILL at visionofbritain.org.uk, accessed 20 July 2008
  4. ^ The Lansdowne Monument at geograph.org.uk, accessed 24 April 2010
  5. ^ Hobnob Marketplace at Hobnob Press (Other Publications), accessed 19 July 2008

See also[edit]

External links[edit]