Chorath

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Chorath[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] /ˈxɔrɑːθ/; also Cherith (/ˈkɪərɪθ/; Hebrew: נחל חוּרית Naḥal Ḥorath or Hebrew: נחל כּוּרת Naḥal Korath; وادي الحريث Wādī Āl Ḥorayth; Greek: Χειμάῤῥους Cheimárrhous or Χοῤῥάθ Chorrháth) means a cutting, separation, gorge, torrent-bed, or winter-stream, is a valley ("wadi"; Arabic: واديwādī) or stream ("naḥal"; Hebrew: נחל‎). The prophet Elijah hid himself in the banks of Chorath and was fed by ravens during the early part of the three years' drought which he announced to King Ahab.[8][9][10] The name is also a Mizrahi Jewish surname, specifically among Jews of Yemenite extraction. They descend from the house of Banim Chorath which are Qahtanite of origin and was once one of the most important houses of the city of Najran.[11]

It has been identified as the Wadi al-Yabis which is opposite of Beit She'an[12] and located between Israel and Jordan.[13] The stream feeds in the Yarmouk River, flowing west to east, through the forested uplands across deserts of Jordan.[14] Travelers have described it as one of the wildest ravines of the fertile crescent, and peculiarly fitted to afford a secure asylum to the persecuted. During summer, the stream is very dry.[15] It is home to an array of wildlife including hyraxes, egrets, gazelles and olive trees.[16] Alternatively, it has also been identified as a small stream in the Wadi Kelt at St. George's Monastery.[17]

Marino Sanuto the Elder commented in 1321 that the stream extended into Phasaelis which was named after Prince Phasael, the brother of King Herod.[18] In 1994, according to the Israel–Jordan Treaty of Peace, Israel could maintain its uses of Jordan River waters between the Yarmouk and Chorath/Wadi al-Yabis.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keller, David (2011). Desert Banquet: A Year of Wisdom from the Desert Mothers and Fathers. 
  2. ^ Waheeb, M. (2012). "The Discovery of Elijah’s Hill and John’s Site of the Baptism, East of the Jordan River from the Description of Pilgrims and Travellers". Asian Social Science 8. Lay summary. 
  3. ^ Fitzgerald, S. "The Origins and Continuity of a Hagiographic Habit". Apostolic Geography. Lay summary. 
  4. ^ "The Life Of John The Elder And The Cave Of Sapsas". St. Luke the Evangelist Greek Orthodox Church. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "The Peraea and the Dead Sea". The Madaba Mosaic Map. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Pustet, Anton (1901). Studien und Mitteilungen zur Geschichte des Benediktinerordens und seiner Zweige. 
  7. ^ "A dictionary of the Bible; comprising its antiquities, biography, geography, and natural history". CHE'RITH, THE BROOK. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Keller, David (2011). Desert Banquet: A Year of Wisdom from the Desert Mothers and Fathers. 
  9. ^ 1 Kings 17:3
  10. ^ 1 Kings 17:5
  11. ^ Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab lands: A history and source book, p. 117
  12. ^ Armstrong, George (1895). Names and places in the old and new testament and apocrypha : With their modern identifications. 
  13. ^ Nelson, Thomas (1995). Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Completely Revised and Updated Edition (Completely Revised and Updated Edition ed.). 
  14. ^ "The Peraea and the Dead Sea". Jordan Beauty. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Easton, Matthew George (1897). The Bible Dictionary: Your Biblical Reference Book (1st ed.). 
  16. ^ "The Peraea and the Dead Sea". Jordan Beauty. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Tourist information for St. George Monastery
  18. ^ Armstrong, George (1895). Names and places in the old and new testament and apocrypha : With their modern identifications. 
  19. ^ Shapland, Greg. Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East (1st ed.).