Cherkasy Raion (Ukrainian: Черкаський район, translit.: Cherkas'kyi raion) is an administrative part of Cherkasy Oblast. The center of the raion is Cherkasy. The area of the raion is 1,617 km2 (624 sq mi), with density of 49 inhabitants per square kilometre (130 /sq mi). The population consists of Ukrainians (96.4%), Russians (2.9%), Belorussians (0.2%), and others (0.5%). There are 39 settlements on the territory of the district - 38 villages and 1 urban-type settlement - Irdyn.
It is located in the Eastern part of Cherkasy oblast. Its approximate length is 76 km (47 mi) and its width is up to 25 km (16 mi). It is located on lowlands, on the bank of Kremenchuk Reservoir, on Dnipro River. Rivers, such as Ros, Vilshyanka, and Tyasmyn are passing through the raion. Forests cover about 62 hectares of the district, including the famous Cherkaskiy Bir (Cherkasy Forest).
The raion consists of 39 settlements. There are 23 village councils (sil's'ka rada) in Cherkasy raion. The biggest villages of the district are Ruska Polyana (Ukrainian: Руська Поляна), Chervona Sloboda (Ukrainian: Червона Слобода), Bilozirya (Ukrainian: Білозір'я), and Moshny (Ukrainian: Мошни).
The district is crossed with highways which connect Cherkasy with other cities like Kaniv, Zolotonosha, Uman. The length of all routes is 3,209 km (1,994 mi), from which 1,012 km (629 mi) are national routes. The region also hosts a part of Odessa-Moscow railway route.