Chernushinsky District

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Chernushinsky District
Чернушинский район (Russian)
Location of Chernushka Region (Perm Kray).svg
Location of Chernushinsky District in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°15′E / 56.500°N 56.250°E / 56.500; 56.250Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°15′E / 56.500°N 56.250°E / 56.500; 56.250
Въезд в Чернушинский район.jpg
Welcome sign at the entrance to Chernushinsky District
Coat of Arms of Chernushinsky rayon.png
Flag of Chernushinsky rayon.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administrative structure (as of November 2011)
Administrative center town of Chernushka[1]
Inhabited localities:[1]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 74
Municipal structure (as of December 2011)
Municipally incorporated as Chernushinsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 14
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 1,676 km2 (647 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 50,593 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 65.8%
- Rural 34.2%
Density 30.19/km2 (78.2/sq mi)[5]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[6]
Established 1925[3]
Official website
Chernushinsky District on WikiCommons

Chernushinsky District (Russian: Черну́шинский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Perm Krai, Russia; one of the thirty-three in the krai.[1] Municipally, it is incorporated as Chernushinsky Municipal District.[2] It is located in the south of the krai and borders with Uinsky District in the north, Oktyabrsky District in the east, the Republic of Bashkortostan in the south, Kuyedinsky District in the west, and with Bardymsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,676 square kilometers (647 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the town of Chernushka.[1] Population: 50,593 (2010 Census);[4] 53,746 (2002 Census);[7] 51,743 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Chernushka accounts for 65.8% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The district stretches for 54 kilometers (34 mi) from north to south and for approximately 56 kilometers (35 mi) from east to west. Geologically, it is located on the eastern outskirts of the East European craton. District's landscape is mostly flat with some hills. Major rivers include the Bystry Tanyp and the Tyuy. There are eighty-one ponds in the district, ten of which have a volume of over 100,000 cubic meters (3,500,000 cu ft), and the largest of which are Ryabovsky and Trushnikovsky Ponds. About 26% of the total district's territory is covered by forests.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate continental with relatively long and cold winters and warm summers. Average annual temperature is +1.5 °C (34.7 °F). Average January temperature is −15.6 °C (3.9 °F) and average July temperature is +18.4 °C (65.1 °F). Record high temperature is +37 °C (99 °F) (July 1952) and record low is −54 °C (−65 °F) (January 1, 1979). Annual precipitation is about 583 millimeters (23.0 in).

History[edit]

The district was established in 1925.[3] In 1931, Ryabkovsky District was merged into it.[3] In October 1938, the district became a part of Perm Oblast.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic composition, according to the 2002 Census:[3]

There are also Chuvash people, Mari people and other ethnic minorities living in the district.

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is based on oil industry, production of building materials, food industry, and agriculture.

There are several explored oil fields in the district, with the major one being the Pavlovskoye Field. There are also deposits of building materials in the district.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #1882-409
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Encyclopedia of Perm Krai. Entry on Chernushinsky District (Russian)
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1882-409 от 9 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Чернушинского района Пермского края», в ред. Закона №175-ПК от 7 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области, Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципальных образований Пермского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №283, 22 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1882-409 of December 9, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Chernushinsky District of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #175-PK of March 7, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast, Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug on Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formations of Perm Krai. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).