Chernushka, Chernushinsky District, Perm Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Chernushka.
Chernushka (English)
Чернушка (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Perm Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Chernushka is located in Perm Krai
Chernushka
Chernushka
Location of Chernushka in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°05′E / 56.500°N 56.083°E / 56.500; 56.083Coordinates: 56°30′N 56°05′E / 56.500°N 56.083°E / 56.500; 56.083
Coat of Arms of Chernyshka (Perm krai).jpg
Flag of Chernushka (Perm krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai
Administrative district Chernushinsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Chernushinsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 33,272 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[2]
Founded 1854[citation needed]
Town status since 1966[citation needed]
Official website
Chernushka on WikiCommons

Chernushka (Russian: Черну́шка) is a town and the administrative center of Chernushinsky District of Perm Krai, Russia, located in the south of the krai on the Bystry Tanyp River, which is 230 kilometers (140 mi) south of Perm. Population: 33,272 (2010 Census);[1] 35,713 (2002 Census);[3] 34,835 (1989 Census).[4]

History[edit]

Chernushka was first mentioned in 1858 as a village with four households that had existed since 1854.[citation needed] In 1869, the number of households increased to thirty-five.

The construction of the Kazan–Yekaterinburg railway during 1913–1920 played an important role in the development of the village. A settlement for the railway builders, which shared the same name, was established near the village. During the Civil War, the area of what is now Chernushinsky District saw heavy fighting along the railway and in the settlement itself.

In 1925, the administrative center of the district was transferred from Ryabki to Chernushka because Ryabky was too far from the railway. Consequently, the district itself was renamed Chernushinsky. However, the district's administration did not move to Chernushka until 1930.

The following years saw an increase of industrial construction. After World War II, Chernushka was granted work settlement status. The discovery of oil boosted Chernushka's development, as several oil plants were built in 1958. In 1966, Chernushka was granted town status.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Chernushka railway station

The town's economy is based on oil extraction and refining industry, the production of construction materials, and the food industry. It is a major transportation hub in southern Perm Krai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.