Cherry County, Nebraska
|Cherry County, Nebraska|
Cherry County Courthouse in Valentine
Location in the state of Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Samuel A. Cherry|
|• Total||6,010 sq mi (15,566 km2)|
|• Land||5,961 sq mi (15,439 km2)|
|• Water||49 sq mi (127 km2), 0.82%|
|• Density||1/sq mi (0.39/km²)|
|Time zones||Central: UTC-6/-5
Cherry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,713. Its county seat is Valentine. The county was named for Lt. Samuel A. Cherry, an Army officer who was stationed at Fort Niobrara and who had been killed in South Dakota in 1881. Cherry County is located in the Nebraska Sandhills.
In the Nebraska license plate system, Cherry County is represented by the prefix 66 (it had the sixty-sixth-largest number of vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,010 square miles (15,565.8 km2), of which 5,961 square miles (15,438.9 km2) is land and 49 square miles (126.9 km2) (0.82%) is water. It is by far the largest county in land area in Nebraska and larger than the state of Connecticut, or the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined. The county is within the Sandhills region of Nebraska; the dunes that give the region its name are a result of the most recent glacial period, known as the Pinedale glaciation. During the Holocene glacial retreat the sand dunes, which had been deposited in their current location by the vast continental glaciers, were exposed and grasses eventually took over.
Owing to its size as Nebraska's largest county by area, Cherry County borders a total of eleven counties, more than any other county in Nebraska. Seven of them are in Nebraska and four are in South Dakota. The adjacent counties are:
- Bennett County, South Dakota - north
- Todd County, South Dakota - north
- Tripp County, South Dakota - northeast
- Brown County, Nebraska - east
- Keya Paha County, Nebraska - east
- Blaine County, Nebraska - southeast
- Grant County, Nebraska - south
- Thomas County, Nebraska - south
- Hooker County, Nebraska - south
- Sheridan County, Nebraska - west
- Shannon County, South Dakota - northwest
||Shannon County, South Dakota||Bennett County, South Dakota and Todd County, South Dakota||Tripp County, South Dakota|
|Sheridan County||Brown County and Keya Paha County|
|Grant County, Thomas County, and Hooker County||Blaine County|
Cherry County is also the location of the Valentine National Wildlife Refuge, the Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge, the Samuel R. McKelvie National Forest, and the western portion of the Niobrara National Scenic River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,148 people, 2,508 households, and 1,710 families residing in the county. The population density was 1.02 people per square mile (0.39/km²). There were 3,220 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.19% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 3.25% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of German, 12.6% English, 11.1% Irish and 7.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 2,508 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,268, and the median income for a family was $36,500. Males had a median income of $23,705 versus $17,277 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,943. About 9.60% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 14.20% of those age 65 or over.
Cherry County is in both the Central and Mountain time zones. The eastern third of the county, including county seat Valentine, is in the Central Time Zone, while the western two thirds, including Merriman, are in the Mountain Time Zone.
Cherry County is one of the few US counties in two time zones. Gulf County, Florida, uses Eastern Time and Central Time; Idaho County, Idaho, and Malheur County, Oregon, use Mountain and Pacific time.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Cherry County, Nebraska Association of County Officials, 2004. Accessed April 30, 2008.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Federal Writers Project (1939). Nebraska, a Guide to the Cornhusker State. WPA. p. 313.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.