Cherry Orange (Citrus kinokuni ex Tanaka) is a variety of Mandarin orange, found in Southern China and also grown in Japan where it is known as Mukaku-Kishu. It is not closely related to the common orange.
Cherry Orange is known as the Nanfeng Orange in China. The fruit is also known as Baby Mandarin, Tiny Tangerine and Mini Mandarin, all are given names of the same species and hail from the same unique geographical area. It is shaped like an orange, between 25 and 50 mm in diameter. The fruit's orange skin is thin and smooth. It is almost seedless, tender, sweet and extremely juicy.
The fruit first developed naturally in a wild and exotic forest of Southern China where the quality of water and soil is excellent. Man began cultivating it 1300 years ago. It is said to have been a fruit produced solely for the Chinese royalty. As the fruit production was mainly for the preserve of Emperors and other gentry, its existence was little known outside of Asia. The name was officially written into Government Records of Jianchang in Ming Dynasty. According to Japanese experts, Japanese oranges were cultivated from Nanfeng orange about 700 years ago. This indicates that Nanfeng orange has been famous both domestically home and abroad for some 700 years. Modern fruit tree experts believe that Nanfeng Orange is a genuine ancestor of modern mandarin related fruits because of its superior quality over other varieties and widespread planting at Nanfeng.
Even today, it remains a favoured delicacy of the central Chinese government, who recently ranked the fruit as one of the best fruits in China.
The fruit was made available in Europe in 2006. It was first imported by Uniagro, and it is now distributed throughout Europe.
It is typically packed into small packs or punnuets and sold in several well-known supermarkets for household consumption.
The fruit is very sweet and offers a high percentage of vitamin C. The fruit is enveloped in a thin skin (0,11 cm) and has 7–19 sections. They are primarily seedless.
The trees (which are typical in size and shape to other citrus variety trees)are treated with fully organic fertilizer. They produce beautiful flowers which bloom in April. The fruit only grow to a size of 25–45 mm and are harvested every November. Each tree produces about 40 kilograms of fruit per year. The fruit are handled with great care to protect the fruit epidermis from being damaged.
A fruit is peeled by taking it in both hands with thumb nails at the top and gently breaking it in two. Then the skin is peeled away.