Cherry tomato

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Cherry Tomato
Tomates cerises Luc Viatour.jpg
Cherry tomatoes
Cherry tomatoes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. lycopersicum
Variety: cerasiforme
Trinomial name
Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
(Dunal) D.M.Spooner, G.J.Anderson & R.K.Jansen[1]
Synonyms

Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. cerasiforme
Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme

A cherry tomato is a very small variety of tomato that has been cultivated since at least the early 1800s[2] and thought to have originated in Peru and Northern Chile.[3] Cherry tomatoes range in size from a thumbtip up to the size of a golf ball, and can range from being spherical to slightly oblong in shape. Although usually red, yellow, green and black varieties also exist. [4] The more oblong ones often share characteristics with plum tomatoes, and are known as grape tomatoes. The berry tomato is regarded as a botanical variety of the cultivated berry, Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme.[5]

History[edit]

Unripe cherry tomatoes on the vine
Cherry tomatoes on the vine

Cherry tomatoes are believed to go as far back as Aztec Mexico in at least the 15th century CE (see Tomato). Records of Santorini cherry tomatoes being heavily cultivated in Greece can be found as far back as 1875, from seeds brought there by a monk in the early 1800s. Locals believe that the seeds were imported from somewhere in Egypt.[6]

Cherry tomatoes have been popular in the United States since at least 1919.[7] Recipes using cherry tomatoes can be found in articles dating back to 1967.[8]

Cultivars[edit]

See: List of Tomato Cultivars

A box of cherry tomatoes

The Santorini cherry tomato developed from seeds brought to Santorini (Greece) in 1818.[6] It is known for its flavour and body.[9] International conferences dedicated to the cultivation, horticulture and agriculture of the cherry tomato are also held at Santorini.

The Tomaccio tomato was developed by several laboratries in Israel, the dominant ones being the laboratory led by Prof. Nahum Keidar and Prof. Chaim Rabinovitch from the Agriculture Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot Campus. It is the product of a 12-year breeding program using wild Peruvian tomato species to create a sweet snack tomato with excellent ripening time and shelf time.[10][11]

The Super Sweet 100 is a hybrid cultivar popular in the United States. It is resistant to both Fusarium and Verticillium wilt.

The Selke Biodynamic cherry tomato was named after Margrit Selke.[12] Emil Bock, in his book The Three Years,[13] wrote that the seed and plant of this unusual species contains forces evoking "the cosmic sphere of sunlit clouds, air and wind..."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme at Wikimedia Commons