Pyrcroft Road/Eastcroft Road (Business District)
The principal Shopping Street with an adjoining arcade and supermarket.
Chertsey shown within Surrey
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Runnymede and Weybridge|
Chertsey is a town in the Runnymede borough of Surrey, England on the River Thames and a tributary river, the River Bourne, in the Greater London Urban Area, bordered by junction 11 of the M25 London orbital motorway, the town of Addlestone and by villages and hamlets. Chertsey is centred 29 kilometres (18 mi) southwest of London, close to the M3 and within the M25.
This place appears in the endowment charter of its abbey in the 7th century as Cirotisege or Cerotesege — that is, the island of Cirotis.
Chertsey is one of the oldest towns in England that grew to all sides but the north around Chertsey Abbey, founded in 666 A.D by Eorcenwald, Bishop of London on a donation by Frithwald. Accordingly until the demise in use of hundred, used in the feudal system until the establishment of Rural Districts and Urban District Councils, the name chosen for the Chertsey area hundred was Godley Hundred. In the 9th century the Abbey and town were sacked by the Danes, leaving a mark today in the name of the village of Thorpe and refounded from Abingdon Abbey by King Edgar of England in 964.
Chertsey appears in the Domesday Book as Certesi. It was held partly by Chertsey Abbey and partly by Richard Sturmid from the abbey. Its Domesday assets were: 5 hides, 1 mill and 1 forge at the hall, 20 ploughs, 80 hectares of meadow, woodland worth 50 hogs. It rendered £22.
The Abbey grew to become one of the largest Benedictine abbeys in England, supported by large fiefs in the northwest corner of Sussex until it was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1536. The King took stone from the Abbey to construct his palace at Oatlands Palace; the villagers also used stone for raising the streets. By the late 17th century, only some outer walls of the Abbey remained. During this period until at least 1911 a wider area was included in Chertsey: Ottershaw (and Brox) was an ecclesiastical district; whose church-sponsored (first built) schools were built in 1870, so too was Addlestone.
Today the history of the abbey is reflected in local place names and the surviving former fishponds that fill with water after heavy rain. The nearby Hardwick Court Farm, now much reduced in size and cut off from the town by the M25, retains the abbey's impressive 15th century tithe barn.
The eighteenth-century Chertsey Bridge provides an important cross-river link, and Chertsey Lock is a short distance above it on the opposite side. On the south west corner of the bridge is a bronze statue of local heroine Blanche Heriot striking the bell by Sheila MitchellFRBS.
In the 18th century Chertsey Cricket Club was one of the strongest in the country and beat the rest of England (excluding Hampshire) by more than an innings in 1778. The Duke of Dorset, (who played cricket for Chertsey), was appointed Ambassador to France in 1784. He arranged to have the Chertsey cricket team travel to France in 1789 to introduce cricket to the French nobility. However, the team, on arriving at Dover, met the Ambassador returning from France at the outset of the French Revolution and the opportunity was missed.
The original Chertsey station was built by the London and Southampton Railway, opened on the 14th of February 1848. The present Chertsey station across the level crossing from the site of the original station was opened on the 10th of October 1866 by the London and South Western Railway. The Southern Railway electrified the line on the 3rd of January 1937.
|“||...a market-town and parish, and the head of a union... 13 miles (N. N. E.) from Guildford, and 20 (W. S. W.) from London; containing 5347 inhabitants. During the Heptarchy, the South Saxon kings had their residence in this town[n 2]; and it became noted for a Benedictine monastery, founded in 666 by Erkenwald...which, having been burnt to the ground in the war with the Danes, was refounded by King Edgar, and dedicated to St. Peter. In this abbey Henry VI was privately interred; but his remains were subsequently removed, and deposited, with appropriate solemnities, in the Chapel Royal. At the Dissolution, its [annual] revenue was £774. 13. 6.: some portions of the outer walls remain, and on the site, and with part of the materials, of the abbey, a private mansion, called the Abbey House, was erected, but this was pulled down some years ago.
The town is pleasantly situated upon the Thames...the houses are in general neatly built of brick; the streets are partially paved, and lighted, and the inhabitants are plentifully supplied with water from springs. A neat building, of which the first stone was laid in November, 1838, by the high sheriff of the county, has been erected for a literary and scientific institution. The trade is principally in malt and flour; the manufacture of coarse thread, and the making of iron-hoops and brooms, are carried on to a considerable extent; and a great quantity of bricks is also made in the neighbourhood. The town is about three miles from the Weybridge station...an act was passed in 1846 for a branch railway... The river Wey Navigation and canal passes...two miles [away from Chertsey]...conveyance for the several articles of manufacture, and for large quantities of vegetables, which are cultivated in the environs for the London market. The market, chartered by Queen Elizabeth in 1559, is on Wednesday: the fairs are on the first Monday and Tuesday in Lent, for cattle; May 14th, for sheep; and August 6th and September 25th, for toys and pedlery. A court of pie-poudre is attached to the fair in Lent. The county magistrates hold...and headboroughs and other officers are appointed...at the court leet of the lord of the manor, who also holds a court baron on the following day at Hardwick Court, now a farmhouse, but once the manorial mansion, in which Henry VI resided when a child. ...county debt-court of Chertsey, established in 1847...
The parish comprises about 10,020 acres (4,050 ha). The living is a vicarage, valued in the king's books at £13. 12. 4.; net income, £307; patrons, alternately, the Haberdashers' Company, and the Governors of Christ's Hospital; impropriators, the landowners. The church, a handsome structure in the later English style, with a square embattled tower, was built with money raised on annuities, in 1808; it contains a tablet to the memory of the celebrated orator and statesman, Charles James Fox, and several monuments to the Mawbey family. A church has been built at Addlestone and...Independents and Methodists. A school was founded in 1725, by Sir William Perkins, who endowed it with £3000 Bank stock, which sum, augmented by an accumulating annual surplus, produces at present nearly £400 per annum; the school has been extended upon the national plan. The tolls and profits arising from stallage in the market and fairs were granted by Queen Elizabeth to the poor, for whose benefit there are various other charitable benefactions, among them a sum of nearly £4000, left by Miss Mary Giles, who died in 1841. The union...contains a population of 14,929. Near the town is St. Anne's Hill, commanding an extensive prospect, formerly the residence of...Fox, and in which are some tessellated pavements, collected from the ruins of the abbey: the water of St. Anne's Well was once in repute for its efficacy in curing diseases of the eye. The poet Cowley lived for some time in an ancient house in the town, called Cowley House, in which he died; and Mr. Day, author of Sandford and Merton, resided in the vicinity.
Chertsey was the home of Charles James Fox, who had wished to be buried there but instead is buried in Westminster Abbey. The nearby estate that is now the large Foxhills Golf Estate, Spa and Restaurant, close to Ottershaw and Lyne,was named in honour of him, but was not his home./>
A long history of metal working exists and from the 19th century a prosperous bell foundry, Eldridge was in Windsor Street. Herrings, an Iron Foundry flourished during the 19th century and was situated in Gogmore Lane.
The Chertsey troop of the Berkshire Yeomanry occupied the Drill Hall on Drill Hall Road since 1977. The unit has close ties with the borough and was granted the freedom of Runnymede in 2009. The Drill Hall closed at the end of March 2010 and the troop had to return to Windsor due to cuts in the Territorial Army in 2009-2010.
Chertsey is part of the London commuter belt in the outermost part of the Greater London Urban Area and is served by Chertsey railway station and separated by all adjoining settlements by the buffer of designated areas of Green Belt. Chertsey is separated by 29 kilometres (18 mi) from London to their pinpointed centres; 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) from the administrative centre of Addlestone 17.6 kilometres (10.9 mi) from the county town, Guildford. The centre of the traditional yet commercial town centre, adjoined by an arcade to a medium size Sainsburys and car park to the south, is a conservation area. In addition to the more than 56 numbered houses/shops (42 buildings) nationally listed buildings, nine other buildings in the conservation area are locally listed. Outside of this across Chertsey a further 11 buildings are nationally listed for their architecture.
The character of this central area is very much that of a traditional small town with relatively narrow building frontages set hard up against the pavement so that the buildings clearly define the public space. The centre of the town is richly endowed with listed buildings most of which date from the 16th and 17th Centuries.
||Thorpe||across the village of
|across Laleham Burway
|Virginia Water||across Chertsey Bridge and Chertsey Meads
|Ottershaw||across Abbey Meads Golf Course
Elevation and Soil
Elevation is generally low at 14m in the Town Centre and 11m on the River Thames at Chertsey Bridge, making it the lowest place in Chertsey. The highest point is on the peak of wooded and inhabited St. Anne's Hill which reaches an elevation of 77m, making it the second highest point in Runnymede. Across Chertsey bridge, pictured, on the Middlesex side of the river is the Thames Path National Trail and Chertsey Lock.
Soil consists of four types: "loamy soil with naturally high groundwater" to the centre; "naturally wet loamy and clayey floodplain soil with naturally high groundwater" e.g. on the Laleham Burway and to the west and east of the most built-up central area of Chertsey; however to the far west and south areas such as St Ann's Hill and Hardwick Court Farm have "slightly acid loamy and clayey soil with impeded drainage" with highest parts being "naturally wet very acid sandy and loamy soil" which forms only 1.9% of English soil and 0.2% of Welsh soil and supports rich biodiversity and has been used to create the pine and bog landscapes of Wentworth and Foxhills, Chertsey.
Chertsey Bridge is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade II* listed structure that has the listed City Post at one end and is predominantly of ashlar stone with two white flagstone york stone pavements with a low weight limit and narrow carriageways rendering it useless to HGVs, who have Staines-upon-Thames or a motorway alternative to reach Spelthorne.
Samuel Lewis included it in his opening description of the town above: "...[River Thames] over which is a handsome stone bridge of seven arches, built in 1785, at an expense of £13,000, defrayed jointly by the counties of Surrey and Middlesex..." It was built in 1783-5 by James Paine.
Chertsey has an admission-free museum on Windsor Street, which provides considerable information about the history of Chertsey. It features clocks by two local makers, James Douglass and Henry Wale Cartwright. (Note however that there were three successive watchmakers called James Douglass (or Douglas) in the Douglas family, the latter based in Egham)  The Black Cherry Fair is an annual event which the Museum hosts. It includes live music and refreshments in the museum garden.
St. Peter's Hospital, originally intended to serve casualties of the Second World War, formally came into being on 12 September 1939. It now has 400 beds and a wide range of acute care services, on the straight A road to Woking close to the much younger parish of Ottershaw. Hospital Radio Wey has been broadcasting to the patients and staff of St Peter's Hospital since 1965 and now also broadcasts on the internet as RadioWey.
St Peter's Church
As mentioned in religion, this remains an active church, it keeps a 13th/14th century west tower (with 18th century bricks above the belfry) and east chancel; a collection of the Abbey's paving tiles is in its sanctuary; several are also in the British Museum and the 15th century chancel roof is original. St Peter's is surrounded by many Grade II listed buildings in the three mixed shopping and residential streets of the town centre however is Grade II* listed building.
Curfew House and 25 Windsor Street
Curfew House is four narrow houses west of the church, a taller red brick building in a group of five buildings of the same era; the name derives from the cruel King John and Blanche Heriot history and story which took place in the town centre. Below an open pediment are brick pilasters with moulded wood cornice, with dentils. Brick-coped gable ends front the street. Enriched wood architrave features as part of its entrance door and reeded panels with raised centres. Its keystone is dated 1725, inside a Tympanum is inscribed: "c5 Founded by Sr Wm PERKINS KBE For Fifty Children clothed and taught Go and do likewise".
25 Windsor Street is also at Grade II* architecturally, early C18 however a larger three-storey house in brown brick with a tile roof, nipped. A moulded wood eaves cornice, altered, has supporting brackets. Five sash windows with bars make up the windows. A central entrance encased door has an open pediment in the Tuscan order with flat pilasters. Radial bars segment its arched fanlight. At the top floor is a stone moulded band; the middle floor band is also rendered; the ground floor band is lined and painted. Red gauged brick flat arches top the windows with window dressings and quoins. Its front railings have spearhead bars and metal standards with vases, gadrooned.
Pyrcroft House on Pyrcroft Road leading to St Ann's Hill is a Grade II* listed building that was referenced by Nikolaus Pevsner and has a brick front with gauged flat arches to its windows, supplemented by square brick pilasters to the corners. Moulded brick cornice underlies a parapet (flat/almost flat) roof. Carved stone vases ornament the masonry in the corners; a band of rendering marks off the first floor. A large centre first floor window is arched with stone keystone and impost blocks, radial bars at its head. Other windows are all sash windows with bars; 12 paned. Its entrance door has a Regency period framing of its door. Wood panelling with subdued embellishment decorates the rooms.
Botley Park and Bournewood House
Owner Joseph Mawby had architect Kenton Couse build this substantial georgian building surrounded by a manicured estate, now a private nursing home. U-shaped it is a rectangle of three storeys with seven windows to each of the four fronts, built of ashlar its ground floor is rusticated with a modillion eaves cornice; a parapet roof tops the structure. Each front has three centre window bays that project slightly with a pediment above and their original glazing bars intact. Ground floor windows have keystones. Upper windows have moulded architraves, those on 1st floor with cornices over, the centre one with a pediment. On the north front the centre projection has four engaged Ionic columns with a pediment above containing a cartouche flanked by swags of husks; a piano nobile to one side connects the middle floor with a doorway with a rectangular fanlight, approached by a horse-shoe shaped stair connected with doorway by a bridge, beneath which is the service entrance to the ground floor below. Two fronts are prolonged in the same style by large modern additions. Entrance has a good hall with screen of four Ionic columns and a high plaster ceiling. Other good ceilings and doorcases to principal rooms on 1st floor.
Bournewood House is part of Bournewood Park Hospital a central building in a large medical NHS trust adjoining St Peter's Hospital, formerly a nursing wing of the above hospital when it was run from the Victorian period as a mental hospital or asylum retreat.
Sport and Leisure
Schools in Chertsey include;
- St Anne's Roman Catholic primary school
- Salesian Catholic Secondary School (split site)
- Pyrcroft Grange Primary (former split site)
- Stepgates Community School
- Sir William Perkins's School, independent girls' school established originally for boys and girls in 1725.
The Salesian School is a state-funded school with endowments located in Chertsey since the 1920s for 1,200 pupils. The school has a Sixth Form Centre based at the Highfield Road Site. Highfield Road had the original site; it contains the former boarding school where pupils once lived during term. The newer site is located in Guildford Road. The school successfully merged the two sites at the beginning of the year starting in September 2008; years 7-11 are at Guildford Road and years 12-13 in Highfield Road. The school has introduced a new timetable with 5 modules a day. In 2008 it was not clear whether the school would keep the original site. However looking at the school web site in August 2012 it seems that there are still two active sites to the school.
- St. Anne's Church is a Catholic church in Eastworth road. St. Anne's School is a Catholic Primary school in Free Prae road. Salesian School is a Catholic Secondary school and Sixth Form College located in Guildford Road and Highfield Road respectively.
- St. Peter's Shared Church is an Anglican church located in Windsor Street where it seamlessly becomes London Street in Chertsey.
- Beacon Church is a Community Church located in Heriot Road in central Chertsey.
- The International Community Church of Surrey, a nondenominational, international congregation, meets at Chertsey Hall each week.
Chertsey is located on the Chertsey Branch Line linking the Waterloo to Reading Line to the South West Main Line in Weybridge, all three currently operated by South West Trains as part of the UK state-owned network, benefiting from a level crossing for local southern town centre traffic and a road bridge sweeping north-south traffic around to the west of the town centre. Weybridge railway station is timetabled as 11 minutes away and the journey time to London Waterloo station varies between 50 minutes to 66 minutes depending on choice of route.[n 3]
As mentioned the A320 is a mixed dual and single carriageway road connecting Woking to Staines-upon-Thames via Chertsey which is 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Staines Bridge. Scenic Chertsey Bridge was built in the 18th century, see above, this links to Shepperton. Chertsey is close to J11 of the M25 to two sides of the town (one exit bordering Ottershaw) and gives its name to the intersection of a main SSW motorway, the M3 with the M25 London Orbital Motorway.
- Lord Brabazon of Tara, Britain's first licensed pilot, lived at 'Grangewood', Longcross near Chertsey in the early 1950s.
- Mark Stephens (solicitor), Lawyer, mediator, broadcaster, educationalist and philanthropist of the visual arts lived in Chertsey from 1962-1982.
- Justin Hawkins, lead singer of The Darkness rock group, singer-songwriter, was born in Chertsey in 1975.
- Musician Doug Walker and the England cricketers Ashley Giles and Richard Johnson were born in Chertsey in the 1970s.
- Keith Moon, drummer with rock band The Who, lived in the town in that decade.
- Vivian Stanshall and his wife Ki Longfellow lived on a houseboat moored on the Thames beginning in 1977
- Rufus Hound born in Chertsey in 1979.
- Chesney Hawkes lives in Chertsey with his wife and three children.
- English glamour model Charmaine Sinclair is originally from Chertsey.
- Vince Clarke of pop bands Yazoo, Depeche Mode and Erasure lived in Chertsey and recorded much of the Erasure material in the studio adjacent to his home.
- Steve Rushton from pop band Son of Dork with James Bourne was born in Chertsey in 1987; he now lives in L.A and works as a singer/songwriter for Disney.
- *H E Sir Seretse Khama Ian Khama (born 27 February 1953 at Chertsey) is a Botswana politician who has been the President of Botswana since 2008; he is also the Paramount Chief of the Bamangwato tribe. After serving as Commander of the Botswana Defence Force, he entered politics and served as Vice-President of Botswana from 1998 to 2008.
- Robert Green, the Queens Park Rangers and England goalkeeper, was born in Chertsey.
- Bobby Whitlock, keyboardist with Derek & the Dominos lived in Chertsey in the 1970s.
In fiction and popular culture
- In William Shakespeare's Richard III, Act I, Scene 2, Chertsey is mentioned as the burial place of Henry VI. Lady Anne says, 'Come now towards Chertsey with your holy load'.
- Abraham Cowley, the 17th-century poet, lived in Chertsey after his return from exile. The Abraham Cowley Mental Health Unit of St Peter's Hospital was named in his honour.
- After his father's death, the future novelist Thomas Love Peacock and his mother lived with her father Thomas Love in Gogmoor Hall, Chertsey, for about twelve years.
- Charles Dickens visited Chertsey to make notes for his novel Oliver Twist (1838), in which Oliver is forced by Bill Sikes to take part in the attempted burglary of a house in Chertsey.
- Albert Smith, born in Chertsey in 1816, wrote the play Blanche Heriot, or The Chertsey Curfew (1842) and the short story "Blanche Heriot: A Legend of Old Chertsey Church" (1843).
- John Maddison Morton was living in Chertsey when he wrote Box and Cox (1847), which The New York Times in 1891 called "the best farce of the nineteenth century".
- The poem "Curfew Must Not Ring Tonight", written in 1867 by the American poet Rose Hartwick Thorpe, was also based on the legend of the Chertsey heroine Blanche Heriot.
- In H.G Wells' book The War of the Worlds, Chertsey was destroyed by attacking Martian fighting-machines in the early afternoon of 8 June 1902.
- Antony Trew, decorated naval officer and author of seventeen novels and a volume of short stories, resided in Surrey for many years and died in Chertsey in 1996.
Television and film
- The final series of the TV series Public Eye (1965–1975) was filmed in and around Chertsey.
- The TV series Moving Wallpaper (2008–2009) was filmed and set in Chertsey.
- Chertsey made a fleeting appearance in the 1964 classic film First Men in the Moon with the old town hall playing the role of Dimchurch town hall.
- Other films partly shot in or around Chertsey include The Italian Job (1969), Scream and Scream Again (1970), The Dark Knight (2008) and 13 Hrs (2010).
- Wellers Auctioneers in Chertsey Town Centre has been featured in many daytime television programmes such as Flog It.
Chertsey Television is a channel on the YouTube platform which shares and celebrates local culture and broadcasts local events in and around Chertsey. It is an opportunity for Chertsey to show its culture and community. Chertsey Television mostly broadcasts local events such as the Black Cherry Fair and various parades across town. It also gives information about local upcoming events.
Notes and References
- Reducing traffic greatly, the Chertsey M3 motorway bridge is 500m to the north.
- While the Saxon Kings had an residence here the town of Kingston upon Thames was for several centuries after this their main residence.
- To achieve the shortest time a non-delayed change of trains taking four minutes is required by for instance changing at Weybridge from the train scheduled to arrive at 08:07, the 08:11 can be caught to London Waterloo giving a total time of 50 minutes
- Census data
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Chertsey". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- Surrey Domesday Book
- Chertsey Bridge
- Statue of Blanche Heriot
- History of Chertsey Cricket Club
- Details from Chertsey Station one of the many Grade II listed buildings: Details from listed building database (1039969). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Chelveston - Cheshire". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
- The Skiff Club, traditional boating club (using skiffs) who organise Chertsey Regatta
- Chertsey Conservation Area, Official Description and Map
- Grid reference Finder measurement tools
- Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
- National Soil Resources Institute - Cranfield University
- Surrey Wildlife Trust - Wentworth and Chobham Common e.g.
- Surrey County Council Transport pages
- Chertsey Bridge Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1204646). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Chertsey Bridge a Scheduled Ancient Monument Details from listed building database (1003752). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Chertsey Museum
- Douglas Family watchmakers
- St Peter's Hospital, Chertsey
- Radio Wey
- St Peter's Church Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1029167). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Curfew House Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1242226). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- 25 Windsor Street Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1377931). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Pyrcroft House Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1377926). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Botley Park "Hospital" Grade II* listing Details from listed building database (1029181). National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Salesian Old Boys
- Association of Train Operating Companies — Official Timetable
- Rock's Back Pages
- Chertsey Abbey
- Chertsey Local History
- Aerial photographs of Chertsey
- History of Chertsey Abbey and St. Peter's Church
- Chertsey T.V