Ruins of Chertsey Abbey
|Dedicated to||St Peter|
|Important associated figures||King Frithuwald of Surrey
King Henry VI
Originally founded by Saint Erkenwald, later Bishop of London, in 666 AD and he became the first abbot. Most of north-west Surrey was granted to the abbey by King Frithuwald of Surrey. Dark Age saints buried here include Saint Beocca, a Dark Ages Catholic Saint from Anglo-Saxon England was also buried here around 870 AD, and ninth century Saint Edor of Chertsey.
In the 9th century it was sacked by the Danes and refounded from Abingdon Abbey by King Edgar of England in 964. In the eleventh century the monks engineered the Abbey River as an offshoot of the River Thames to supply power to the abbey's watermill. In late medieval times, the Abbey became famous as the burial place of King Henry VI (whose body was later transferred to St George's Chapel, Windsor). The abbey was dissolved by the commissioners of King Henry VIII in 1537 but the community moved to Bisham. The site was given to Sir William Fitzwilliam and now only slight traces remain amongst later buildings. Some very fine medieval tiles from the abbey, some depicting the legend of Tristan and Iseult, may be seen in the British Museum.
One of the Abbey's bells, cast by a Wokingham foundry circa 1380 and weighing just over half a ton is still in use as the 5th of the ring of eight at St Peter's church, Chertsey, and is one of the oldest bells in current use in Surrey.
From the ruins of the abbey, individual letter tiles dating to the second half of the 13th century were recovered. They were assembled to form religious inscription texts on the floor and can be considered a forerunner of movable type printing.
Chertsey Abby was owned Dr John Hammond (c. 1555–1617), physician to the royal household under James I, who purchased the site of Chertsey Abbey in Surrey in 1602. Dr.Hammond's son, Lt.Col.Thomas Hammond of Cromwell's New Model Army, was named as a Commissioner at the High Court of Justice for the trial of Charles I, and attending no fewer than fourteen of its sittings, he did not sign the death warrant.
- Herbert E. Brekle, Das typographische Prinzip. Versuch einer Begriffsklärung in Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 1997 vol72, p58–63 (61f.)
- Hellmut Lehmann-Haupt, Englische Holzstempelalphabete des XIII. Jahrhunderts in Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 1940 p93–97.
- Lehmann-Haupt 1940, pp. 96f.
- Brekle 1997, pp. 61f.