Cherwell (newspaper)

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Cherwell
Cherwell front page
Typical Cherwell front page
Type Weekly newspaper during Oxford University term time
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) Oxford Student Publications Limited
Editor Ella Richards and Sam Volpe
Founded 1920
Language English
Headquarters 7 St Aldate's, Oxford
Circulation c. 3,000[1]
Website Cherwell.org

Cherwell (UK Listeni/ˈɑːwɛl/ CHAR-well or UK /ˈɜrwɛl/ CHUR-well) is an independent newspaper, largely published for students of Oxford University. First published in 1920, it has had an online edition since 1996. Named after the local river, Cherwell is published by OSPL (Oxford Student Publications Ltd.), who also publish the sister publication ISIS along with the Bang! Science magazine, Industry fashion magazine and Freshers' magazine Keep Off the Grass. One of the oldest student publications in the UK, it is editorially independent and has been the launching pad for many well known journalistic and business careers. The newspaper has a commercial business team, receives no university funding and is independent of the student union.

The current editors are Ella Richards and Sam Volpe.[2]

History[edit]

Cherwell was conceived by two Balliol College students, Cecil Binney and George Edinger, on a ferry from Dover to Ostend during the summer vacation of 1920 while the students were travelling to Vienna to do relief work for the Save the Children charity. Edinger recalls the early newspaper having a radical voice: "We were feeling for a new Oxford …. We were anti-convention, anti-Pre War values, Pro-Feminist. We did not mind shocking and we often did."

Nonetheless, early editions combine this seriousness with whimsy and parochialism. The first editorial gives the newspaper's purpose as being "to exclude all outside influence and interference from our University. Oxford for the Oxonians".

Cherwell was the only newspaper printed in Britain during the UK General Strike of 1926, other than the British Gazette and the British Worker, during which time it was produced at the offices of the Daily Mail in London.

Throughout the 1920s Cherwell had a strong literary focus, and a policy of not editing literary contributions. Undergraduate contributors included Evelyn Waugh, Graham Greene, John Betjeman, L. P. Hartley, Cecil Day-Lewis and W. H. Auden.

The newspaper's literary focus broadened over the coming decades until by 1950 it had become a general-interest newspaper. In 1946 Cherwell was briefly banned by the university for distributing a survey on the sex lives of undergraduates, and in 1954 ran a series of pin-up photographs entitled "Girls of the Year". In 1970 then-editor Peter Stothard published a current Oxford theatre poster featuring a naked female, possibly a first for a British newspaper. Under his editorship Cherwell also published a backless photo of Gully Wells, considered very daring for the time. Both editions caused much comment. In 1973 the paper became a 'cause celebre' in the national papers when the Cherwell published a photo of General Editor David Soskin with a topless model. This resulted in a personal fine by the proctors for David Soskin.

In 1964 the newspaper's longest-running feature was born, the John Evelyn gossip column (which has run almost uninterrupted ever since). Its (unsigned) editors in Trinity Term 1964 were Christopher Meakin (see Google) who became Editor of the Oxford undergraduate magazine Isis the following term, and Michael Morris who after leaving Oxford eventually became managing editor of ITN. Over the decades many famous people have been the subject of John Evelyn's wry and faux-condescending style, among them future Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto, politician Jonathan Aitken, and actor Imogen Stubbs. In 1981, Hugh Grant is described as "New College's answer to Brooke Shields", and his unsuccessful attempts to infiltrate a ball with his date are reported. Cherwell's Editor in Michaelmas Term term 1964 had been Patrick Marnham, who on leaving Oxford became a prominent staff journalist on Private Eye, Britain's leading satirical magazine, and was author of the standard reference book on the history of the magazine which Marnham wrote as its 21st birthday celebration in 1982. The Editor for the following Hilary Term 1965 was Martin Linton, who went on to become Labour member of parliament for Battersea. Linton's News Editor on Cherwell, Sarah Boyd-Carpenter, is better known nowadays as Baroness Hogg.

In the mid-1970s Cherwell survived one of its periodic financial crises, and politically the paper campaigned against Oxford University's investments in apartheid-era South Africa.

Organisation[edit]

Cherwell is published by Oxford Student Publications Ltd, a student-run publishing company. Cherwell staff are Oxford students who run the paper while studying for their degrees. Editors and deputy editors are elected termly by the Board of Directors, also largely made up of former editors and business staff. The editors determine the rest of their team, usually consisting of three news editors, two comment editors, two lifestyle editors, two fashion editors, a photo editor, two culture editors, two sports editors and two broadcasting editors, as well as their respective deputies. All positions may be held jointly, more commonly in the junior positions. Section editors hold their own section meetings, at which any student may participate. Guest contributors are commonly employed, often Oxford-educated national figures.

Scoops[edit]

The engagement of Charles, Prince of Wales to Diana Spencer was announced in a Cherwell world exclusive[citation needed], after the news leaked to the paper through a connection working in the British royal household.[citation needed] News that Chelsea Clinton planned to study for a master's degree at Oxford was also first published in Cherwell.

The 2009 hotly contested contest for the Oxford Professor of Poetry Chair was covered by the paper. It broke the story that sexual allegations against applicant Derek Walcott were being created by persons linked to applicant and eventual winner Ruth Padel.[citation needed]

Politics[edit]

Cherwell has no party political line or stated political sympathy. A broad range of views is expressed, and the centre of gravity tends to change frequently, owing to the rapid turnover of editorial staff.

Cherwell and the English language[edit]

The Oxford English Dictionary lists the terms 'sherry party' and 'Marxism' (as pertaining to the Marx Brothers) as having been coined in Cherwell. Additions from recent decades are lacking probably because Cherwell is only sporadically lodged at copyright libraries, and because it is not included in electronic text search systems such as Lexis-Nexis.

Notable Cherwell contributors[edit]

Fellows of the Royal Society of Literature (who are still alive) include former editors and writers Tim Heald, Patrick Marnham and Sir Simon Jenkins.

Cherwell.org[edit]

Cherwell has had a website since Trinity 1996, when Cherwell Online was launched by Thor Mitchell under Cherwell editors Jat Gill and David Black. After several years called "Cherwell24", the website became "Cherwell" on Tuesday 15 April 2008 as part of a redevelopment by Chris Baranuik. The current website was developed by Adam Hadley in 2010.

The site is updated every day during term and regularly during the vacation. It contains all of the articles from the print edition, as well as breaking news, videos, features, arts reviews, sport reports and podcasts such as the soap opera podcast Staircase 22. Students use the website to vote on the paper's regular feature, Fit College and also to post comments on articles.

In 2008, Cherwell won the 'Guardian Student Media' award for Best Student Website.[3]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cherwell.org/about
  2. ^ "Cherwell staff, Michaelmas 2014". Cherwell. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  3. ^ Baraniuk, Chris. "Cherwell win website of the year award". Cherwell. Retrieved 2010-03-25. 
  • Cherwell 75 Years, anniversary edition of Cherwell, November 1995

External links[edit]