Typical Cherwell front page
|Type||Weekly newspaper during Oxford University term time|
|Owner(s)||Oxford Student Publications Limited|
|Editor||Ella Richards and Sam Volpe|
|Headquarters||7 St Aldate's, Oxford|
Cherwell (UK i// CHAR-well or UK // CHUR-well) is an independent newspaper, largely published for students of Oxford University. First published in 1920, it has had an online edition since 1996. Named after the local river, Cherwell is published by OSPL (Oxford Student Publications Ltd.), who also publish the sister publication ISIS along with the Bang! Science magazine, Industry fashion magazine and Freshers' magazine Keep Off the Grass. One of the oldest student publications in the UK, it is editorially independent and has been the launching pad for many well known journalistic and business careers. The newspaper has a commercial business team, receives no university funding and is independent of the student union.
The current editors are Ella Richards and Sam Volpe.
Cherwell was conceived by two Balliol College students, Cecil Binney and George Edinger, on a ferry from Dover to Ostend during the summer vacation of 1920 while the students were travelling to Vienna to do relief work for the Save the Children charity. Edinger recalls the early newspaper having a radical voice: "We were feeling for a new Oxford …. We were anti-convention, anti-Pre War values, Pro-Feminist. We did not mind shocking and we often did."
Nonetheless, early editions combine this seriousness with whimsy and parochialism. The first editorial gives the newspaper's purpose as being "to exclude all outside influence and interference from our University. Oxford for the Oxonians".
Cherwell was the only newspaper printed in Britain during the UK General Strike of 1926, other than the British Gazette and the British Worker, during which time it was produced at the offices of the Daily Mail in London.
Throughout the 1920s Cherwell had a strong literary focus, and a policy of not editing literary contributions. Undergraduate contributors included Evelyn Waugh, Graham Greene, John Betjeman, L. P. Hartley, Cecil Day-Lewis and W. H. Auden.
The newspaper's literary focus broadened over the coming decades until by 1950 it had become a general-interest newspaper. In 1946 Cherwell was briefly banned by the university for distributing a survey on the sex lives of undergraduates, and in 1954 ran a series of pin-up photographs entitled "Girls of the Year". In 1970 then-editor Peter Stothard published a current Oxford theatre poster featuring a naked female, possibly a first for a British newspaper. Under his editorship Cherwell also published a backless photo of Gully Wells, considered very daring for the time. Both editions caused much comment. In 1973 the paper became a 'cause celebre' in the national papers when the Cherwell published a photo of General Editor David Soskin with a topless model. This resulted in a personal fine by the proctors for David Soskin.
In 1964 the newspaper's longest-running feature was born, the John Evelyn gossip column (which has run almost uninterrupted ever since). Its (unsigned) editors in Trinity Term 1964 were Christopher Meakin (see Google) who became Editor of the Oxford undergraduate magazine Isis the following term, and Michael Morris who after leaving Oxford eventually became managing editor of ITN. Over the decades many famous people have been the subject of John Evelyn's wry and faux-condescending style, among them future Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto, politician Jonathan Aitken, and actor Imogen Stubbs. In 1981, Hugh Grant is described as "New College's answer to Brooke Shields", and his unsuccessful attempts to infiltrate a ball with his date are reported. Cherwell's Editor in Michaelmas Term term 1964 had been Patrick Marnham, who on leaving Oxford became a prominent staff journalist on Private Eye, Britain's leading satirical magazine, and was author of the standard reference book on the history of the magazine which Marnham wrote as its 21st birthday celebration in 1982. The Editor for the following Hilary Term 1965 was Martin Linton, who went on to become Labour member of parliament for Battersea. Linton's News Editor on Cherwell, Sarah Boyd-Carpenter, is better known nowadays as Baroness Hogg.
Cherwell is published by Oxford Student Publications Ltd, a student-run publishing company. Cherwell staff are Oxford students who run the paper while studying for their degrees. Editors and deputy editors are elected termly by the Board of Directors, also largely made up of former editors and business staff. The editors determine the rest of their team, usually consisting of three news editors, two comment editors, two lifestyle editors, two fashion editors, a photo editor, two culture editors, two sports editors and two broadcasting editors, as well as their respective deputies. All positions may be held jointly, more commonly in the junior positions. Section editors hold their own section meetings, at which any student may participate. Guest contributors are commonly employed, often Oxford-educated national figures.
The engagement of Charles, Prince of Wales to Diana Spencer was announced in a Cherwell world exclusive, after the news leaked to the paper through a connection working in the British royal household. News that Chelsea Clinton planned to study for a master's degree at Oxford was also first published in Cherwell.
The 2009 hotly contested contest for the Oxford Professor of Poetry Chair was covered by the paper. It broke the story that sexual allegations against applicant Derek Walcott were being created by persons linked to applicant and eventual winner Ruth Padel.
Cherwell has no party political line or stated political sympathy. A broad range of views is expressed, and the centre of gravity tends to change frequently, owing to the rapid turnover of editorial staff.
Cherwell and the English language
The Oxford English Dictionary lists the terms 'sherry party' and 'Marxism' (as pertaining to the Marx Brothers) as having been coined in Cherwell. Additions from recent decades are lacking probably because Cherwell is only sporadically lodged at copyright libraries, and because it is not included in electronic text search systems such as Lexis-Nexis.
Notable Cherwell contributors
- Evelyn Waugh
- Graham Greene
- John Betjeman
- Harold Acton
- L. P. Hartley
- Cecil Day-Lewis
- W. H. Auden
- Arthur David Beaty (Editor; British writer, pilot and psychologist)
- Rupert Murdoch (Advertising)
- Michael Heseltine (Advertising)
- Rony Robinson (Editor; subsequently Writer, Playwright and Broadcaster, anchor of BBC Radio Sheffield
- Roger Laughton (Editor; BBC Producer - ''Great Railway Journeys of the World'' which established Michael Palin's subsequent career as a teletraveller; Senior BBC Executive; Chief Executive of Meridian Television Chair of Media School at Bournemouth University)
- Christopher Meakin (Columnist; journalist on Financial Times, The Times, Punch magazine; economist, international banker.) Robinson, Laughton and Meakin all attended King Edward VII School, Sheffield; Palin attended the adjacent Birkdale School, Sheffield
- David English (journalist, Editor; Editor of The Daily Mail 1971-1992)
- Peter Preston (Editor; previously Editor-in-Chief of The Guardian)
- Nicholas Lloyd (Editor; former Editor of the Daily Express
- Jonathan Martin (Editor; former head of BBC Television Sport)
- Patrick Marnham (Editor, 1964; formerly chief reporter on and historian of Private Eye writer on Punch magazine
- Peter Grimsditch (News Editor 1964; journalist around Fleet Street; devised and then Editor of the original Daily Star; first Editor of the Daily Sport also attended King Edward VII School, Sheffield
- Martin Linton (Editor, former member of parliament for Battersea)
- Sarah Boyd-Carpenter (Editor, former journalist on The Economist; became Baroness Hogg)
- Jeffrey Archer (Sports columnist, subsequently member of parliament and novelist)
- Simon Jenkins (Oxford Union correspondent 1962; former Editor of The Times)
- Peter Sissons (Sports editor, 1963; BBC TV news presenter
- Howard Davies(former Director, London School of Economics)
- Peter Stothard (Editor, Michaelmas Term 1971; (currently Editor of The Times Literary Supplement)
- Peter Mandelson (Features, Political Contributor; politician)
- Christina Lamb (Features; award winning journalist)
- Alex Cox (Cartoonist, film director)
- Nigel Dacre (Joint Editor, ITN News Editor)
- Sarah Hargreaves (Editor; now Head of Editorial Standards and Training at BBC Television)
- Jane Shilling (Arts editor: now a contributor to the New Statesman and The Times; author of The Fox in the Cupboard: A Memoir)
- H. S. Bhabra (Arts Editor; author and broadcaster, who died on 1st June 2000, in Toronto)
- Martin Sixsmith (Sports Editor, News Editor; former BBC Moscow correspondent)
- Ruth Pitchford (Editor; currently Chief Sub-Editor, Treasury news desk at Reuters News)
- Michael Crick (Editor; currently a BBC Newsnight reporter, and biographer)
- Evan Davis (currently BBC Radio 4 Today presenter)
- Nick Cohen (John Evelyn; journalist)
- Chris Philp (Editor; politician)
- Emma Brockes (Editor; journalist on The Guardian)
- Chris Taylor (Editor; previously San Francisco correspondent for TIME magazine)
Cherwell has had a website since Trinity 1996, when Cherwell Online was launched by Thor Mitchell under Cherwell editors Jat Gill and David Black. After several years called "Cherwell24", the website became "Cherwell" on Tuesday 15 April 2008 as part of a redevelopment by Chris Baranuik. The current website was developed by Adam Hadley in 2010.
The site is updated every day during term and regularly during the vacation. It contains all of the articles from the print edition, as well as breaking news, videos, features, arts reviews, sport reports and podcasts such as the soap opera podcast Staircase 22. Students use the website to vote on the paper's regular feature, Fit College and also to post comments on articles.
In 2008, Cherwell won the 'Guardian Student Media' award for Best Student Website.
- Cherwell 75 Years, anniversary edition of Cherwell, November 1995
- Cherwell Online, the paper's electronic edition, updated every day during term time
- Isis Online, the sister publication
- 'Bang! Science Magazine', "Oxford's graphically gorgeous science magazine"
- Oxford Student Publications Ltd
- Etcetera Online, website for the paper's creative and literary supplement