Chesapeake City, Maryland
|Chesapeake City, Maryland|
Chesapeake City along the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal
Location of Chesapeake City, Maryland
|• Total||0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2)|
|• Land||0.50 sq mi (1.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2)|
|Elevation||26 ft (8 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||686|
|• Density||1,346.0/sq mi (519.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0589952|
The town was originally named by Bohemian colonist Augustine Herman the Village of Bohemia — or Bohemia Manor — but the name was changed in 1839 when the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal (C&D Canal) was built. Today, the town contains numerous old homes from that era that have been converted into bed and breakfasts, restaurants, and the local historical museum.
The town was separated into north and south sections when the C&D Canal was built through the middle of the town. The two were connected by a drawbridge until 1942, when that was destroyed by a freighter that struck it. The current bridge opened in 1949.
The new bridge had to be tall enough to allow supertankers to pass beneath it, resulting in a structure so high and long that cars no longer went into the city to cross the canal. Business declined for decades thereafter.
Chesapeake City is the location of the Old Lock Pump House of the C&D Canal, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. The South Chesapeake City Historic District was listed in 1974.
Chesapeake City is located at (39.527826, -75.812270).
As of the census of 2010, there were 673 people, 335 households, and 177 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,346.0 inhabitants per square mile (519.7 /km2). There were 390 housing units at an average density of 780.0 per square mile (301.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 2.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.
There were 335 households of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.2% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.67.
The median age in the town was 47.9 years. 15% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 35.5% were from 45 to 64; and 20.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 44.9% male and 55.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 787 people, 330 households, and 228 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,393.1 people per square mile (542.6/km²). There were 371 housing units at an average density of 656.7 per square mile (255.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.92% White, 3.56% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.51% from other races, and 0.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
There were 330 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,917, and the median income for a family was $52,813. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $26,471 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,621. About 5.2% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
Chesapeake City is a part of the Cecil County Public Schools System. There are three schools in the town:
Chesapeake City is served by the Chesapeake City Branch of the Cecil County Public Library located on Maryland Route 213. The library offers books, music, movies, computers with Internet access, free wifi, and programs for adults, teens, and children.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- Nead (1980). The Pennsylvania-German in the Settlement of Maryland. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. ISBN 978-0-8063-0678-0.
- James F. Lee (August 12, 2009). "Chesapeake City, Md., Has a Lock on History". Washington Post.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chesapeake City, Maryland.|
- Town website
- Chesapeake City Merchants Association
- Bohemia Manor High School
- Bohemia Manor Middle School
- Chesapeake City Elementary School
- Volunteer Fire Company No. 1 of Chesapeake City Inc.
- Chesapeake City Arts