Chess Oscar

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Chess Oscar is an international award given annually to the best chess player. The winner is selected by votes that are cast by chess journalists from across the world. The traditional voting procedure is to request hundreds of chess journalists from many countries to submit a list of the ten best players of the year. The voters are journalists who know the game and follow it closely, and so the honor is highly prized. The award itself currently takes the form of a bronze statuette representing a man in a boat.[1] The prize was created and awarded in 1967 by Spanish journalist Jorge Puig, and the International Association of Chess Press (AIP). The awards were given from 1967 until 1988. Then, after a pause, they resumed in 1995, and have since been organized by the Russian chess magazine 64.[2][3]

Statuette[edit]

The statuette's current form, a man in a boat, was carved by the sculptor Alexander Smirnov. It represents a figure known as "The Fascinated Wanderer", which refers to a short story written in 1873 by 19th-century Russian author Nikolai Leskov. In this story, the title character, Ivan Flyagin, is a horse trainer and a brute of a man. From his birth his mother has promised that Ivan's life would be devoted to the church. Ivan spends many years avoiding this fate, but eventually gives in and becomes a monk, not for spiritual reasons, but due to a poverty of opportunity.[4][5]

The Chess Oscar statuette originally took the form of "The Lady of the Umbrella", a figure based on a statue in Parc de la Ciutadella in Barcelona, Spain.[6][7][8]

Winners[edit]

Year Player Country
1967 Larsen, BentBent Larsen  Denmark
1968 Spassky, BorisBoris Spassky  Soviet Union
1969 Spassky, BorisBoris Spassky  Soviet Union
1970 Fischer, BobbyBobby Fischer  United States
1971 Fischer, BobbyBobby Fischer  United States
1972 Fischer, BobbyBobby Fischer  United States
1973 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1974 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1975 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1976 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1977 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1978 Korchnoi, ViktorViktor Korchnoi   Switzerland
1979 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1980 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1981 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1982 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1983 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1984 Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union
1985 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1986 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1987 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1988 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union
1989–94 no awards
1995 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Russia
1996 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Russia
1997 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand  India
1998 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand  India
1999 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Russia
2000 Kramnik, VladimirVladimir Kramnik  Russia
2001 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Russia
2002 Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov[9]  Russia
2003 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand[10][11]  India
2004 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand  India
2005 Topalov, VeselinVeselin Topalov[12]  Bulgaria
2006 Kramnik, VladimirVladimir Kramnik[13]  Russia
2007 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand[14]  India
2008 Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand[15]  India
2009 Carlsen, MagnusMagnus Carlsen[16]  Norway
2010 Carlsen, MagnusMagnus Carlsen[17]  Norway
2011 Carlsen, MagnusMagnus Carlsen[18]  Norway
2012 Carlsen, MagnusMagnus Carlsen[19]  Norway

By person[edit]

Player Country Wins
Kasparov, GarryGarry Kasparov  Soviet Union, later  Russia 11
Karpov, AnatolyAnatoly Karpov  Soviet Union 9
Anand, ViswanathanViswanathan Anand  India 6
Carlsen, MagnusMagnus Carlsen  Norway 4
Fischer, BobbyBobby Fischer  United States 3
Spassky, BorisBoris Spassky  Soviet Union 2
Kramnik, VladimirVladimir Kramnik  Russia 2
Larsen, BentBent Larsen  Denmark 1
Korchnoi, ViktorViktor Korchnoi   Switzerland 1
Topalov, VeselinVeselin Topalov  Bulgaria 1

By nation[edit]

Country Wins
 Soviet Union 17
 Russia 7
 India 6
 Norway 4
 United States 3
 Bulgaria 1
 Denmark 1
  Switzerland 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ "64.ru". 64.ru. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Oscar of the Chess - SpeedyLook encyclopedia". Myetymology.com. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  3. ^ Hill, Tata McGraw. General Knowledge Digest 2010. Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited. 2010
  4. ^ Leskov, Nikolai. The Enchanted Wanderer: Selected Tales, Modern Library Classics, 2003. ISBN 0-8129-6696-1
  5. ^ "Fox, Genevieve. The Daily Mail. 16 May 2013". Mail Online. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "ICC Weekly Newsletter. Vol. 3. Issue 22. May 30, 2008". Chessclub.com. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Postcard ES-107923: Lady with umbrella - Citadel Park - Barcelona, Spain From carronada". Postcrossing.com. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Oscar of the Chess - SpeedyLook encyclopedia". Myetlmology.com. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Kasparov wins 2002 Chess Oscar, ChessBase News, 9-May-2003
  10. ^ Anand wins Chess Oscar for third time, rediff.com, 6-May-2004
  11. ^ Anand wins third Chess Oscar, ChessBase News, 8-May-2004
  12. ^ Chess Oscar 2005 for Veselin Topalov, ChessBase News, 30-April-2006
  13. ^ Chess Oscar 2006, The Week in Chess 654, 21-May-2007
  14. ^ Anand Wins Chess Oscars for 2007, ChessBase News, 8-May-2008
  15. ^ “Oscar” prize to be brought to Baku for the first time!, APA News, 21 Apr 2009, access date 2009-04-22.
  16. ^ And the 2009 Oscar goes to ... Magnus Carlsen!, Chessvibes November 17, 2010.
  17. ^ Carlsen beats Anand to 2010 Chess Oscar, Why Chess, 29 Jul 2011.
  18. ^ Oscar 2011 - Magnus Carlsen, ChessPro, 2 Nov 2012.
  19. ^ Oscar 2012 - Magnus Carlsen, Chess-news-ru, 12 Jun 2013.

External links[edit]