Chessington World of Adventures
|Slogan||Britain's Wildest Adventure!|
|Location||Chessington, Greater London, England|
|General Manager||Tim Harrison-Jones|
|Previous names||Chessington Zoo, Chessington World of Adventures & Zoo|
|Operating season||Theme Park
March - November
January - December
Chessington World of Adventures Resort (often abbreviated to just 'Chessington' or 'CWoA') is a theme park, zoo and hotel complex that lies 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Central London, England in the Chessington area of the Kingston upon Thames borough. Historically opened as Chessington Zoo in 1931, a theme park was developed alongside the zoo, opening in 1987. Owned and operated by Merlin Entertainments since 2007. In 2015, Chessington are celebrating the Year of the Penguins by making several additions across the park, zoo and hotels.
Chessington Zoo has over 1,000 animals, including Western lowland gorillas, sea lions, and Sumatran tigers. It is split up into several areas: Trail of the Kings, Creepy Caves, Sealion Bay, YooHoo and Friends at the Children's Zoo, Amazu, and the Wanyama Village & Reserve as well as a Sea Life Centre.
Chessington World of Adventures Park areas include the Market Square, Mystic East, Mexicana, Pirates Cove, Transylvania, and Forbidden Kingdom. Land of the Dragons opened in 2004 for children although it includes the intense spinning coaster Dragon's Fury , and in 2010 Wild Asia replaced the area known as Beanoland. In 2012 Africa replaced ToyTown, and following this Chessington introduced the new area ZUFARI in 2013. The ZUFARI animal reserve, previously known as the Wanyama Village and Reserve, is overlooked by the African-themed Safari Hotel. On 19 March 2014 the Scorpion Express rollercoaster opened in Mexicana as a replacement for the old Runaway Train ride.
- 1 History
- 2 Events
- 3 Rides and attractions
- 4 Chessington Theme Park
- 5 Chessington Zoo
- 6 Resort Hotels
- 7 Future developments
- 8 Incidents
- 9 Court Case
- 10 Green Belt restrictions
- 11 Gallery
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The mansion at Chessington World of Adventures Resort known today as the Burnt Stub was originally built in 1348, in Chessington, Surrey. In the English Civil War it became a royalist stronghold, and Oliver Cromwell's Parliamentary forces razed it to the ground. The Burnt Stub site was rebuilt as an inn, until the 18th century, when the Vere Barker family rebuilt it in neo-gothic Victorian style.
Founding of zoo
The resort has it roots in the Chessington Zoo, which opened in 1931; it was started by Reginald Goddard, who had bought the estate to showcase his private collection of animals. In 1946 when Goddard died, the Pearson Publishing Company took over the zoo and managed it until 1978, when The Tussauds Group took control of the park (Tussauds was a subsidiary of the Pearson Group).
Founding of theme park
In 1984, due to the zoo's declining attendance, Tussauds's Director of Development, Ray Barratt commissioned John Wardley to come up with plans to revitalize the park. John Wardley was one of the main designers at Tussaud's for a number of years, and had a huge influence on the rides being created at both Chessington and its sister parks Thorpe Park and Alton Towers. The decision was made to open a theme park to complement the zoo, and so Chessington World of Adventures was born. On 7 June 1987 Chessington World of Adventures opened to the public. The park was built on a relatively small budget of around £12 million, in case the project failed.
In its first year, the park opened with the roller coaster Runaway Mine Train, the log flume Dragon River, the monorail Safari Skyway, the dark ride The 5th Dimension, and the Chessington Railroad as the main attractions (all supplied by the German ride manufacturer Heinrich Mack GmbH & Co). The new rides were to operate on a pay-one-price admission basis, and replace the existing pay-as-you-go fairground rides. Other support rides were also opened, and the park opened just five themed areas: Calamity Canyon, Mystic East, Market Square, Toy Town and Circus World. The attractions were all heavily themed with emphasis on atmosphere and effects, making Chessington one of the first true theme parks in Britain.
The 1990 season bought two of Chessington's more popular rides with the opening of Transylvania: Vampire and Professor Burp's Bubbleworks. Both of these rides had significant impact on the park, and are still exceedingly popular today. Opening Transylvania cost around £10 million. By this time Smugglers' Galleon and the Smugglers' Cove area had been created, both opening in 1988.
The 1995 season arrived with the intense Rameses Revenge, the park's first inverting ride. Rameses Revenge was new in the Forbidden Kingdom area; an area which had opened the previous year, bringing the Terror Tomb dark ride in replacement of the 5th Dimension. Also new for 1995 was SeaStorm in Pirates' Cove, and the Carousel, located next to the explorer gate. In 1999, Chessington opened the hardcore thrill ride Samurai in the Mystic East. 1999 also saw the rename of Calamity Canyon into Mexicana, following the opening of Rattlesnake the year before. 2000 saw Beanoland open on the former site of Circus World, bringing two new rides to the park: Billy's Whizzer and Rodger the Dodger's Dodgems.
Expansion to resort
On 22 May 2007, The Tussauds Group was taken over by Merlin Entertainments Ltd, which owns other brands such as Sea Life Centres. Besides Chessington, Merlin also purchased Alton Towers, the nearby Thorpe Park, and Madame Tussauds, which made Merlin the second largest entertainment operator in the world, second only to Disney. As Chessington World of Adventures and Thorpe Park are located within 20 miles of each other, Merlin Entertainments has made efforts to market the two parks to different age groups: Thorpe Park caters to teenagers, while Chessington World of Adventures Resort is for families and people of all ages.
In June 2007, the park opened the Safari Hotel next to the Chessington Zoo, themed to a safari lodge. 2008 saw the opening of the Chessington Sea Life Centre, at the time comprising three areas: Our Shoreline, The Reef and Ocean Tunnel. The Amazonia area was added the following year.
In 2010 the new Wild Asia area replaced Beanoland, and in June 2010 the Wanyama Reserve opened behind the Safari Hotel, giving a backdrop for its African theme. In 2011 the Ocean Tunnel and surrounding rooms in the Sea Life Centre were re-themed to Azteca. In 2012 a new land themed to Africa replaced ToyTown. In 2013, Chessington introduced Zufari: Ride Into Africa. In the same year, the annual Halloween Hocus Pocus event included a new attraction, The Mystery of Hocus Pocus Hall, based on the explorations of the park's mascot.
In 2014, the Scorpion Express opened and the Mexicana area was refurbished with new theming and music. Amazu Treetop Adventure opened in the zoo, with raised walkways passing through enclosures of spider monkeys, capybara, military macaw and other animals. A separate monkey walkthrough was also added. Later in 2014, the Azteca Hotel opened as the resort's second hotel. The Safari Hotel's second pool, the Savannah Splash, with interactive water elements, also opened. Market Square and Transylvania were both majorly refurbished. For Halloween, the Halloween Hocus Pocus event became Howl'O'Ween, with two additional stage shows: The Pumpkin High School of Rock and The Hairy and Scary Show. Over the festive period Chessington launched the new Winter's Tail event, featuring a new stage show A Christmas Gift as well as market stalls and a 60ft Christmas tree.
In 2015, Chessington celebrated the Year of the Penguins by making several changed across the resort. The new Penguins Live: Operation Cheesy Dibbles stage show debuted in Africa. The nearby Jungle Bouncers was re-themed for the celebration, whilst the Penguin Cove area of Chessington Zoo was redeveloped into Penguin Bay. At the same time, new penguin themed suites opened in the Safari Hotel, following the same decorating techniques as those used for the Azteca Hotel.
As of 2015, Chessington operates five annual continuing events; African Adventures, Annual Pass Holders Preview, Chessington Conservation Fund Evening, Howl'o'ween, and Winter's Tail. The first is African Adventures, in which during February Half-term Chessington Zoo is opens with afircan inspired artwork and culture workshops.. Parts of the theme park open for the event too, with Scorpion Express and Bubbleworks operating alongside smaller attractions such as Seastorm.
During the weekend before re-opening, the theme park it open to annual pass holders only for the Annual Pass Holders Preview. Most attractions operate at this time, with some still undergoing maintenance. On an evening in June, Chessington Zoo opens for the Chessington Conservation Fund evening, which involves speeches about the charity work the fund pays for and information on some of the Zoo's endangered species.
During the last two weeks of the theme park season, Chessington hosts its biggest event - Chessington Howl'o'ween, previously known as Halloween Hocus Pocus. During the event the park is decorated for halloween with spiders, grave stones, voo-ddo dolls, skeletons and cobwebs. Some actors also roam the theme park and zoo dressed as witches, vampires and zombies. During the event, halloween thememed attractions open, rides also operate in the dark.
Winter's Tail is a Christmas event during December weekends and school holidays. Throughout the event Chessington Zoo opens with Christmas decorations and a Christmas grotto 'village' during daylight hours. Parts of the theme park are open, with Bubbleworks, Carousel and Hocus Pocus Hall operating. A festive show named A Christmas Gift is preformed several times throughout the day as well.
- One Off Events
- Ice Age - In August 2009 Chessington held an event to celebrate the release of Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs. The park opened a temporary maze outside Beanoland for the event.
- Vampire XXI - In April 2011 Chessington opened a temporary maze in the area outside the Vampire roller coaster to celebrate its 21st birthday. The event was free and ran for two weeks.
- Mystic East Carnival - The Mystic East Carnival was a display of arts from the orient shown in Market Square and Mystic East. The event was held in May for a number of weeks.
- 25th Birthday Celebration - During July 2012, the resort had 25 days of fun to celebrate the theme park's 25th anniversary.
- Octonauts - From May 2013 onwards, an Octonauts meet and greet show was available in Chessington Zoo, outside the Sea Life Centre.
Rides and attractions
|Dragon's Fury||Steel sit down spinning coaster||2004||Land of the Dragons||Maurer Söhne||Intense spinning rollercoaster, originality sponsored by Skips. 1771 ft long track (540m); Xtended CS 3000 model.|
|Rattlesnake||Steel Wild Mouse||1998||Mexicana||Maurer Söhne||Wild mouse (car 2+2) that reaches a speed of 28 mph (45 km) on a 1213 ft long track (370m) and a height of 49 ft (15m). The Rattlesnake underwent a refurbishment for 2013, which included re-painting the track, fixing queue line effects and repainting all theming.|
|Scorpion Express||Steel sit down||2014||Mexicana||Mack Rides||Blauer Enzian model. Family rollercoaster themed around an abandoned mining town that has been taken over by mechanical scorpions. A flame tower features.|
|Vampire||Suspended floorless swinging coaster||1990||Transylvania||Arrow Dynamics / Vekoma||Original designer was John Wardley, with an upgrade in 2002, with new train design, station touchup, and new queue line. Reaches a speed of 45 mph (73 km) on a 2200 ft long track (670m);|
|Black Buccaneer||Swinging ship||1988||Pirates' Cove||Huss Rides||Swinging pirate ship that is painted black (hence the name).|
|KOBRA||Disk'O Coaster||2010||Wild Asia||Zamperla||Riders sit in a motorcycle-like position in outward-facing seats at the edge of the circular ride platform.|
|Monkey Swinger||Wave swinger||2000||Wild Asia||Zierer||A large monkey-themed wave swinger ride with a water element. Originally opened as Billy's Whizzer.|
|Rameses Revenge||Top Spin||1995||Forbidden Kingdom||Huss Rides||Riders usually take in two different cycles of the ride. Top Spin with a water element;|
|SeaStorm||Sea Storm ride||1995||Pirates' Cove||Mack Rides||A Mack SeaStorm  ride. Riders sit in a boat that rises up and down, simulating a sea storm. As the platform spins, the boat also slowly spins on its own axis.|
|Bubbleworks||Water dark ride||2006
|Transylvania||Mack Rides||Dark water ride designed by John Wardley that originally opened in 1990 as a "fizzy pop" factory. A ring-shaped boat holds up to four people and travels with varying speed through the ride. It is currently themed around a soap factory, and sponsored by Imperial Leather from 2006 until 2010.|
|Dragon Falls||Log flume||1987||Mystic East||Mack Rides||A John Wardley-designed water ride that features two drops, one into a Dragon's mouth. The ride is heavily themed around the Orient.|
|Tomb Blaster||Dark ride||2002||Forbidden Kingdom||Mack Rides||A dark ride themed around destroying an ancient curse, where Riders shoot laser guns at targets for points, which are displayed on the cart.|
|Canopy Capers||Tree house||2004||Land of the Dragons||Tussauds Studios||Children's tree house climbing attraction that interlocks with Dragon's Fury|
|Carousel||Carousel||1996||Market Square||Bertazzon||Classic merry go round style ride.|
|Dragon's Playhouse||Playhouse||2004||Land of the Dragons||Tussauds Studios||Soft play area, height limit 1.4m max.|
|Flying Jumbos||Mini Jet Red Baron||1987||ZUFARI||Preston & Barbieri||A popular spinning children's ride in which riders control how high they go, with elephant-themed cabs.|
|Griffin's Galleon||Rockin' Tug||2004||Land of the Dragons||Zierer||Small spinning pirate ship for children, the thrill ride has a track length of about fifty feet, and 21 feet of height.|
|Jungle Bus||Crazy bus||2001||Wild Asia||Zamperla||Zamperla magic carpet-style ride. Originally opened as the Bash Street Bus.|
|Jungle Bouncers||Mini drop tower||2001||Africa||Zamperla||Mini drop tower for children, originally called Ribena Berry Bouncers.|
|Sea Dragons||Spinning ride||2004||Land of the Dragons||Mack Rides||Small children's boat ride.|
|Tiny Truckers||Convoy ride||1994||Market Square||Zamperla||Small driving attraction that usually makes two laps of its course.|
|Temple of Mayhem||Playhouse||2002||Wild Asia||Merlin Entertainments Studios||Play area with three floors, guests fire foam balls at one another. Height limit 1.4m max. Originally opened as Dennis's Madhouse.|
|Toadie's Crazy Cars||Convoy ride||2001||Africa||Zamperla||Driving attraction, themed around Wind in the Willows. All ages, children under 1.1 meters must be accompanied by an adult.|
|Hocus Pocus Hall||House of mirrors||2003||Burnt Stub Mansion||Tussauds Studios||Hocus Pocus Hall is built in the original manor house at the park, Burnt Stub. Visitors to the walk-in mansion under 1.1 meter must be accompanied by an adult.|
|Lorikeet Lagoon||Bird enclosure||2010||Wild Asia||Merlin Entertainments Studios||Visitors can feed nectar to a flock of lorikeets in a walk-in space.|
|Peeking Heights||Ferris wheel||2005||Mystic East||Fabbri Group||25 metres (82 ft) tall, has 18 pods, and provides views of the entire park. Passengers under 1.1 metres (3 ft 7 in) must be accompanied by an adult. Was previously at Thorpe Park. Peeking Heights was refurbished for the 2013 season as part of Chessington's £14 million refurbishment plan.|
|Safari Skyway||Monorail||1986||Market Square||Mack Rides||Guided monorail tour around Chessington Zoo. Any guests under 1.1 meter must be accompanied by an adult.|
|Tuk Tuk Turmoil||Bumper cars||2000||Wild Asia||Preston & Barbieri||Family bumper cars themed to resemble tuk-tuks, which are auto rickshaws from Southeast Asia.|
Ride into Africa!
|Guided safari||2013||ZUFARI||Merlin Entertainments Studios||An off-road safari truck tour that takes riders into the plains of Zufari. Increased annual park attendance by 15.4%.|
Many of the rides and areas at the park have been either re-themed over the years, while others have moved to other theme parks and been replaced.
- The Fun City Show tent, housing circus/stunt entertainment, was demolished in 1999 to make way for Beanoland to open the next season.
- Beanoland was an area themed around The Beano comic. It opened in 2000 and closed in 2009, featuring Billy's Whizzer, Dennis' Madhouse, Roger the Dodger's Dodgems and Bash Street Bus.
- Runaway Train was a mine train themed powered roller coaster in the Mexicana area. Opened in 1987, and closed at the end of 2012. Replaced by Scorpion Express.
- Action Man Training HQ (also called Action Man Critical Mission) was a large children's adventure playground-type attraction, opened in 1997 and closed in 2005.
- Magic Carpet was located in the Mystic East area, until it closed at the end of the 1998 season. Samurai (see below) was installed in its place.
- Samurai was a Mondial Top Scan installed in 1999 and closed in 2003 in Mystic East, then relocated to sister park Thorpe Park.
- Chessington Zoo Railway (12 in (305 mm) miniature gauge) closed in 1985 before the theme park had been constructed.
- Chessington Railroad (2 ft/610 mm narrow gauge) left at the end of 1996. Although still a popular attraction, the fact that long stretches of the route were on open pathways meant it was considered a safety risk and it was removed.
- Rodeo was a Huss breakdance ride that closed at the end of the 2004 season. It was left standing but not operating (SBNO) until 2007, when most of the ride was removed. The ride's centerpiece has been rethemed and is now located in Transylvania.
- Toytown Roundabout was also removed at the end of 1999. The more traditional carousel, which had been open since 1996 close to the park's north entrance, took its place.
- Clown Coaster, formerly Toy Town Coaster, was a very small children's coaster. It was removed to make way for the new Berry Bouncers ride which took its place in 2001.
- Professor Burp's Bubbleworks was a world-famous dark ride in the Transylvania land opened in 1990 and closed in 2005 and rethemed in 2006. It took riders on a tour of a quirky fizzy pop factory using boats and a water channel.
- The Fifth Dimension was a dark ride that opened in 1987 and closed in 1993, based around the story of a TV repair robot named Zappomatic and his quest to defeat the computer-created monster, the Gorg. Replaced by Terror Tomb.
- Terror Tomb (also called Forbidden Tomb) was a dark ride opened in 1994 and closed in 2001, replaced by Tomb Blaster. It told the story of a tomb robber named Abdab and the various dangers he encountered as he attempted to steal a precious emerald from within the tomb. Many of the original set pieces remain in the Tomb Blaster ride with the exclusion of the Abdab animatronics, some of which can be found within the queue line of Vampire as decoration.
- Madagascar Live! Prepare to Party was a 20-minute live stage show featuring characters from the Madagascar film franchise. It was located it the Africa area and ran from March 2012 until late 2014. It was replaced by Penguins of Madagascar Live: Operation Cheezy Dibbles in 2015 as part of 'The Year of the Penguins'.
Chessington Theme Park
Chessington World of Adventures opened on 6 July 1987 and is themed around areas of the world. Major attractions include: Vampire, Rameses Revenge, Dragon's Fury, KOBRA, Zufari: Ride into Africa and Scorpion Express which opened on 19 March 2014. Shows include Penguins Live: Operation Cheezy Dibbles and Wild Factor.
As of 2015 the theme park at Chessington World of Adventures Resort is divided into ten themed lands, each with a different theme and setting, specifically with each land designed to resemble a place in the world. The central area of the park, Market Square, resembles an old English market town, whereas Mystic East is themed around the orient, with the water ride Dragon Falls opening there in 1987. Mexicana is inspired by a small town in America's old far-west. Pirates' Cove is a mock of a fishing village in England with blue wooden shops. Transylvania, although the real city is from Romania, is actually themed to look like Bavaria, Germany with ompha music playing in the village area. Forbidden Kingdom is based on Ancient Egypt with hieroglyphics drawn onto its surroundings. Land of the Dragons is the only "fantasy" themed area of the theme park and is a self-contained dragon-themed land with rides mostly for young children.
Among the newer lands is Wild Asia which opened in 2010 as a replacement for Beanoland with an Indian theme. Africa opened in 2012 and is based on a wacky African village for children, while the more serious African reserve ZUFARI opened in 2013.
The park's maximum daily capacity is set to 16,000 guests, and in 2013, the park attracted 1.5 million people, a 15.4% increase on the previous year.
Timeline of Park Areas
|Circus World||Beanoland||Wild Asia|
|Land of the Dragons|
Market Square is the central area of the park and has the entrance to Safari Skyway, a monorail that opened in 1986 that gives a guided tour of the zoo, lawn and mansion area. The Carousel merry-go-round is located in Market Square, as is the convoy ride Tiny Truckers, where children can drive their own vehicles. Hocus Pocus Hall is a house of mirrors located just out the area in the Burnt Stub Mansion. In the centre of Market Square is a compass, with different areas of the resort on. It includes: theme park lands, some zoo areas, the Sea Life centre and the hotels.
Themed as a Mexican- inspired square and a Far West town in the American's Old West, the Mexicana area was called Calamity Canyon until 1999. Rattlesnake, a steel sit-down Wild Mouse roller coaster, opened in 1998. Scorpion Express is a mine train themed roller coaster that takes riders across the abandoned town of Scorpion Valley, it opened on 19 March 2014, as a headline attraction at the park.
Pirates' Cove is an area adjacent to Transylvania. Rides include the Black Buccaneer, a swinging pirate ship that is painted black (hence the name) that opened in 1988 with the name Smugglers Galleon. Seastorm is a circular family boat ride that simulates a sea storm,.
Mystic East is an oriental-themed area with a replica of the Kōtoku-in Buddha statue taking center court. The two main rides are the Dragon Falls log flume and Peeking Heights, a Ferris wheel. Dragon Falls is a 510 foot long log flume ride themed around the legend of Dragons. Peeking Heights opened in 2005, and from the top of the wheel the entire park is visible. Mystic East also has the Extreme Games Zone.
The Transylvania area was created in 1990, opening with two major rides designed by John Wardley: the Vampire and Bubbleworks. Vampire is a steel suspended floorless coaster. The original Arrow Dynamics trains were replaced with Vekoma trains in 2002. Bubbleworks is a Mack Rides dark boat ride that opened in 1990 as Professor Burp's Bubbleworks. A ring-shaped boat holds up to four people and travels with varying speed through the ride. It was rethemed in 2006.
Themed around Ancient Egypt with an obelisk in the centre, Forbidden Kingdom was created in 1994, originally with the Terror Tomb dark ride. It currently has two popular rides; Tomb Blaster and Rameses Revenge. Openeing in 2002 Tomb Blaster is a dark ride shoot out game where riders shoot laser guns at targets. Rameses Revenge is a Top Spin ride with a water element that opened in 1995.
Land of the Dragons
Land of the Dragons in the park's main children's area. Opening in 2004, it is a self-contained, dragon-themed land containing rides and attractions designed to appeal to young children. Being a children's area, it is the only part of the park not themed to a time or place from the world. There are two play areas in the land: Dragon's Playhouse, a large soft play area, and adjacent to this is Canopy Capers, an outdoor treehouse rope bridge attraction. Griffin's Galleon is a Kontiki rock'n'tug ride and Sea Dragons in a spinning boat ride from Mack Rides.
The Dragon's Tale Theater has daily performances of the Wild Factor show and Sir Walter Squirtalot is a fountain that squirts water. Aside from the children's attractions, Dragon's Fury is an intense spinning roller coaster encompassing the area with its layout.
Wild Asia, opened in early 2010 as a wild jungle, featuring theming such as ancient ruins and tribal statues. The attraction Lorikeet Lagoon opened with the area in 2010 as part of Chessington's plan to add zoo enclosures within the theme park, visitors may feed the lorikeets nectar. The area has a number of thrill rides, including KOBRA, a Zamperla flat ride that opened in 2010, Monkey Swinger a wave swinger with a water element that opened in 2000, Jungle Bus a small Zamperla magic carpet ride themed around tours of the jungle. The area is also home to the Tuk Tuk Turmoil bumper cars, which are themed as Asian rickshaw tuk tuks. The last attraction in the area is Temple of Mayhem, an indoor play area where children can fire foam balls, with a minimum age limit of 4 years.
Africa is an area aimed at a younger audience, and is themed like an African village in a cartoon style. It has been home of the Madagascar franchise since opening in 2012, and it currently houses two rides, and a major live show. Penguins Live: Operation Cheezy Dibbles, is a live show based on the Penguins of Madagascar film; it was the replacement for Madagascar Live! Prepare to Party. The show debuted in 2015 as part of the 'Year of the Penguins' and features animatronic costumes unseen anywhere else in Europe. Also in Africa is a Zamperla junior drop tower, which is also themed to Penguins of Madagascar. Toadie's Crazy Cars, is a children's car tour through Mr Toadie's garden, and there is also an Xtra Adventures kiosk located here.
ZUFARI is Chessington's main African area in the form of a large animal reserve. It has Zufari: Ride into Africa as the key attraction, a safari truck adventure through an undiscovered area of africa. Flying Jumbos is the other attraction in the area. Making up part of the Zufari landscape is the Wanayama Village & Reserve, an african themed area of the zoo. The Zufari planes and Wanyama Reserve are used as a backdrop to the Safari Hotel. ZUFARI's total size is 22 acres and has flamingos, giraffe, ostrich, Nile Lechwe, white rhino, Grevy’s Zebra, Scimitar Horned Oryx and sitatungas.
Chessington Zoo was opened in 1931 by Reginald Goddard. In 1946 when Goddard died, the Pearson Publishing Company took over the zoo and managed it until 1978, when The Tussauds Group took control of the park. A number of animals were moved to other zoos during the construction of the theme park. In 1990 the polar bears left the park, as did the hippos and elephants in 1993. In 1994 the snow leopards were relocated to the lion and tiger area. For a time the attracton was called Animal Land, before returning to Chessington Zoo in 2007. The zoo has only one non-animal related attraction, the Burnt Stub Mansion, an old manor house home to the Hocus Pocus Hall.
The zoo is generally open simultaneously with the theme park, but also remains open over the winter when the theme park is closed. Zoo entrance is included with a standard Chessington ticket.
As of 2015 the zoo has over 1,000 animals, a number of which are endangered and no longer found in the wild. Chessington Zoo is split up into different areas and walkthroughs. The rhea, mara, wallabies, meerkats and agouti were previously the Monkey Walk area. Monkey Walk was replaced by Creatures Features which in turn was later replaced by the Wanyama Village in 2010. There is also a Children's Zoo, where children may feed domestic farm animals.
The Safari Skyway, an elevated monorail with an entrance in the Market Square theme park area, takes riders around various animal enclosures at the zoo. In front of Hocus Pocus Hall, there is Wild Wood, an animal presentation area which hosts the Animal Antics show at different times throughout the day. Near the enterance to the Zoo, there are enclosures for otters and reindeer. Chessington Zoo also has an area called Sealion Bay, which features sea lion presentations several times a day and Creepy Caves, a reptile house.
The Trails of the Kings; a walkthrough attraction home to enclosures for nine Western Lowland gorillas, two Sumatran tigers, two Asiatic lions, fossa, Carpathian lynx, and binturong. In 2007 the Trail of the Kings section of the Zoo underwent an inspection with the outcome that the gorilla enclosure was too small. A bigger building for the gorillas was completed in 2010. As of 2013, there are 10 gorillas at chessington, as well as two infants born in 2012.
The Wanyama Village & Reserve opened in late May 2010, in an area behind the Safari Hotel and houses animals such as Grévy's zebra, Sitatunga antelope and scimitar horned oryx. It is part of the ZUFARI animal reserve. The area is open to guests staying in the Safari Hotel during the evening.
The AMAZU Treetop Adventure opened in April 2014 on the former site of the Monkey & Bird Garden. The area features adventure trail walkways, play areas and Aztec theming. The area has Spider Monkeys, Saki Monkeys, Red-handed Tamarins, Golden-headed Lion Tamarins, Bolivian Squirrel Monkeys, Geoffroy Marmosets, Capybara, Military Macaws, Ecuadorian Red Lored Amazons, Giant Wood Rail, Agouti and Three-banded Armadillo. The animals in the area can either be viewed on ground or through the Amazu raised walkways, some of which, go through the enclosures.
Currently under construction is the new Penguin Bay area with will open on 18 March 2015 as part of the Year of the Penguins. It will feature the long time residents of Chessington Zoo Humboldt penguins in a pirate themed area. Guests will watch the presentations from aboard a ship wreck. The attraction is also due to feature a walk through experience into the enclosure, similar to that offered in Amazu.
Chessington Sea Life Centre
In 2008 Chessington Zoo open Chessington Sea Life Centre on the site of the old children's Zoo, as an attempt to both determine if the park had a positive future and also to attract more multi-day visits. The Sea Life Centre, which is part of a franchise operated by Merlin Entertainments, has a number of exhibits including a Ray Pool and a Touch Pool. The Sea Life Centre is split into four areas: Our Shoreline, The Reef, Amazonia and Azteca which features the signature Ocean Tunnel.
"Our Shoreline" is the oldest area and has sea creatures found on the coast of Britain, featuring Rays, Seahorses and Starfish. The area also has smaller exhibits including Clownfish and Crabs. The Touch Pool is also found here, in the centre of the area. The following area is named "The Reef", which features Clownfish, Cleaner shrimp, Regal tang, Slipper lobster and Upside-down Jellyfish
Next to this area is Amazonia, which opened in 2009. It is a slightly smaller version of the same exhibit that has appeared at other Sea Life Centres. It includes Red-bellied Piranhas, Common octopus, Tetras and other, smaller exhibits.
Azteca opened in 2011, it features a 10 meter Ocean Tunnel, which has sea creatures including: Bonnethead sharks, Lion fish, Starry Pufferfish, Surgeon fish, Angle Fish, Catshark and Epaulette shark. The tunnel existed before the 2011 addition, but was redeveloped for the arrival of new fish. Aside from the Ocean Tunnel, Azteca also has Jellyfish, Seahorse and Northern wolffish. The placement of the area, has resulted in the division of the Our Shoreline area, which is now separated into twon areas.
Chessington currently own and operate two hotels - Azteca Hotel and Safari Hotel. Both are connected via a raised glass walkway.
The Safari Hotel is a four star hotel based on a Safari Lodge. It was originally called the Chessington Hotel, but was renamed to Safari Hotel in 2014 due to the opening of the Azteca Hotel to avoid confusion.
The hotel opened in June 2007 and was originally operated by Holiday Inn until it was fully taken over by Chessington in May 2014. The hotel features various African elements with Giraffe sculptures dotted around. When the hotel was integrated as a resort in 2010, the Wanyama Village & Reserve opened with access from the hotel.
Due to open on 27 March 2015 are Penguins of Madagascar themed rooms. The pre-existing suites have been shut for renovation to become one of the new additions as part of the Year of the Penguins.
The Azteca Hotel is the newer of the two and opened in 2014. The hotel is four star and themed around an ancient aztec temple. The hotel has three floors, with each floor themed to a different level of the temple. The top floor (named "Tempel Summit") is decorated to give the impression that guests are on top of the temple looks out at the wildlife around.
The hotel's Temple Restaurant has a heavy emphasis on special effects, with a large tower sitting in the centre of the room. Every thirty minuets, it makes a display of water fountains and light, by the end of the display ultra violet lights turn on, making aztec markings appear on the walls of the restaurant. Around the perimeter of the room is a trail of Leaf cutter ants which pass tables. At the entrance to the restaurant is a tank of Red Bellied Piranha. Due to the hotel being built partly into the side of a hill, the Temple Restaurant has no windows, and instead has a series of screens built into the walls, showing animated videos of the wildlife around.
The hotel is linked to the Amazu area of the zoo, which is also aztec themed.
In October 2014, Chessington submitted planning permission for the overhaul of the Penguin Cove area of Chessington Zoo. Should the application be successful, the upgraded attraction will feature a new entrance, improved enclosure, improved public viewing areas and some interactive elements. Work has begun as of November 2014. On 28 November 2014, it was announced that the development would be part of the 'Year of the Penguins'. A plan that will include a new show to replace Madagascar Live, a re-themed Jungle Bouncers, and new rooms in the Safari Hotel themed to The Penguins of Madagascar. 
In September 2014, park owner Merlin Entertainments initiated a court case to seek an injunction against Dr Peter Cave, owner of survey consultancy Peer Egerton. The consultancy firm was hired by Merlin to prepare a report on the safety of the park, after a serious accident in 2012. They found 2000 defects and potential safety hazards. This led to a dispute between Mr. Cave and Merlin, culminating in court proceedings to prevent the park from reopening after its 2012 winter break. Merlin won this case and the park reopened.
Mr. Cave then set up a campaign to warn the public and staff of the findings, including sending out 80,000 emails. Merlin claimed to have spend roughly £4.6 million on repairs and improvements and named the allegations baseless criticisms, highly alarming, distressing and disgraceful and harassing. But High Court Judge Elisabeth Laing ruled that the campaign was a ”matter of public interest” and refused the injunction to silence Mr. Cave.
Green Belt restrictions
Due to the majority of the theme park being located on Green Belt lands the park is subject to several restrictions. Most significant are restrictions in height (no building higher than the tree line), noise (with time restrictions) and traffic management.
Various rides have had to have been built in pits due to these restrictions. It is most noticeable on Black Buccaneer, Rattlesnake and Rameses Revenge. The resort are not allowed to build anything higher than the Peeking Heights Ferris wheel and cannot operate The Vampire past 11pm.
- Main gallery: Chessington World of Adventures Resort at WikiCommons
- Theme park and features
Entrance to Dragon's Fury in Land of the Dragons
Forbidden Kingdom theming at entrance to Rameses Revenge
Scorpion Express entrance
- Chessington Zoo
Ostriches in their Wanyama Village enclosure
Sumatran tiger 2010
Sea lion enclosure
Kunekune at petting zoo
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