Chester, California

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For the former settlement in Merced County with this name, see Chester, Merced County, California.
Chester
census-designated place
Main St., Old Town Chester
Main St., Old Town Chester
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Location in Plumas County and the state of California
Coordinates: 40°18′09″N 121°14′05″W / 40.30250°N 121.23472°W / 40.30250; -121.23472Coordinates: 40°18′09″N 121°14′05″W / 40.30250°N 121.23472°W / 40.30250; -121.23472
Country  United States
State  California
County Plumas
Area[1]
 • Total 7.369 sq mi (19.084 km2)
 • Land 7.288 sq mi (18.875 km2)
 • Water 0.081 sq mi (0.210 km2)  1.1%
Elevation[2] 4,534 ft (1,382 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,144
 • Density 290/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 96020
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-12930
GNIS feature IDs 277487; 2408021
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chester, California; U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chester, California

Chester (formerly Big Meadows) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Plumas County, California, United States.[2] Chester is located on Lake Almanor, 30 miles (48.3 km) north-northwest of Quincy.[3] The town is located along State Route 36. The US Postal Service ZIP code for the community is 96020. The population was 2,144 at the 2010 census, down from 2,316 at the 2000 census.

The primary industries in Chester are lumber production and tourism. Chester serves as the retail center for the Lake Almanor region of California, and derives a significant portion of its economy from the tourist trade, and to a lesser degree from construction to new residents and businesses.

History[edit]

The town was founded and named by two settlers, one from Chester, Vermont, and another from Chester, Missouri.[3] The Chester post office opened in 1894 and moved in 1908.[3]

Geography[edit]

Chester is located at 40°18′10″N 121°14′5″W / 40.30278°N 121.23472°W / 40.30278; -121.23472 (40.302395, -121.234672).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi). 18.9 km2 (7.3 sq mi) of it is land and 0.2 km2 (0.077 sq mi) of it (1.10%) is water.

Chester is situated almost directly over the buried north end of the fault-block Sierra Nevada[5] and the southernmost end of the volcanic Cascade Range.

Climate data for Chester, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41.8
(5.4)
45.7
(7.6)
50.8
(10.4)
58.1
(14.5)
67.5
(19.7)
76.6
(24.8)
85.3
(29.6)
84.4
(29.1)
78.3
(25.7)
66.3
(19.1)
50.3
(10.2)
42.1
(5.6)
62.3
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 19.8
(−6.8)
22.3
(−5.4)
25.2
(−3.8)
28.4
(−2)
34.5
(1.4)
40.7
(4.8)
44.8
(7.1)
43.3
(6.3)
38.1
(3.4)
31.5
(−0.3)
25.8
(−3.4)
20.7
(−6.3)
31.3
(−0.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 6.00
(152.4)
5.15
(130.8)
4.15
(105.4)
2.22
(56.4)
1.53
(38.9)
0.82
(20.8)
0.27
(6.9)
0.26
(6.6)
0.64
(16.3)
1.88
(47.8)
3.77
(95.8)
5.16
(131.1)
31.83
(808.5)
Snowfall inches (cm) 35.4
(89.9)
26.2
(66.5)
20.6
(52.3)
7.1
(18)
1.4
(3.6)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.8
(2)
10.5
(26.7)
25.7
(65.3)
127.8
(324.6)
Source: WRCC (temperature normals 1909–2013),[6]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Chester had a population of 2,144. The population density was 291.0 people per square mile (112.3/km²). The racial makeup of Chester was 1,954 (91.1%) White, 10 (0.5%) African American, 46 (2.1%) Native American, 21 (1.0%) Asian, 4 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 37 (1.7%) from other races, and 72 (3.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 178 persons (8.3%).

The census reported that 2,131 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 1 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 12 (0.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 943 households, out of which 249 (26.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 454 (48.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 81 (8.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 46 (4.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 73 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 3 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 288 households (30.5%) were made up of individuals and 95 (10.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26. There were 581 families (61.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.81.

The population was spread out with 465 people (21.7%) under the age of 18, 154 people (7.2%) aged 18 to 24, 456 people (21.3%) aged 25 to 44, 758 people (35.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 311 people (14.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.9 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

There were 1,237 housing units at an average density of 167.9 per square mile (64.8/km²), of which 568 (60.2%) were owner-occupied, and 375 (39.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.7%. 1,317 people (61.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 814 people (38.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[8] there were 2,316 people, 956 households, and 647 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 320.5 people per square mile (123.7/km²). There were 1,130 housing units at an average density of 156.4 per square mile (60.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.62% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 2.12% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 2.89% from two or more races. 6.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 956 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $33,413, and the median income for a family was $45,195. Males had a median income of $33,417 versus $26,164 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,569. About 9.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Activities and features[edit]

Chester Museum, an addition to the Chester Library.

Chester is near several areas of interest for outdoor activities, within a 50 mile radius the town has numerous CDF and USFS trails and campgrounds, Lassen Volcanic National Park, Drakesbad and Lake Almanor are other areas of interest for vacationers and tourists with outdoor hobbies.

Lake Almanor is a popular hunting, fishing and boating destination. The lake is home for a variety of fish and bird species, many of which make for good sport and game. Chester and the greater Lake Almanor area are home to many seasonal and year-round resorts and restaurants that cater to the locals and the summer seasonal tourists. The winter tourism tends to be quieter, the town is often a way point for people traveling to ski resorts at Mount Shasta and Lake Tahoe.

Economy[edit]

The primary industries in Chester are lumber production and tourism. Collins Pine (a division of The Collins Companies) has been in operation since the 1940s under a "sustained yield" management plan using selective harvesting. The company's forest management practices have been certified as FSC sustainable by Scientific Certification Systems, which designated it a "state-of-the-art well-managed forest."[citation needed] Collins no longer maintains the distinction of Chester's dominant employer, though it remains the single business with the most employees.[citation needed] However, clear cutting is still performed in the area.[9][10]

Other logging companies operating in the area are Roseburg Forest Products, and Sierra Pacific Industries.

Lake Almanor has developed as a vacation/tourist destination and Chester serves as the retail center for the area. All of the Almanor basin's four gas stations are located in Chester, as well as the Almanor basin's only full-sized grocery store.

Resident celebrities[edit]

Chuck Norris, whose wife Gena Norris is a Chester native, has a vacation home in Chester.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Chester is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines,[11] and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.[12]

Federally, Chester is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chester, California
  3. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 364. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Roadside Geology of Northern California. Alt and Hyndman 1975.Map Page 222
  6. ^ "Period of Record Monthly Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center. November 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Chester CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  13. ^ "California's 1st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]