Chester, New Hampshire

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Chester, New Hampshire
Town
Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°57′24″N 71°15′26″W / 42.95667°N 71.25722°W / 42.95667; -71.25722Coordinates: 42°57′24″N 71°15′26″W / 42.95667°N 71.25722°W / 42.95667; -71.25722
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Rockingham
Incorporated 1722
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Stephen Landau, Chair
Joseph Hagan, Vice Chair
Jack Cannon
Joseph Castricone
Richard J. LeBlanc
Area
 • Total 26.0 sq mi (67.4 km2)
 • Land 25.9 sq mi (67.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  0.42%
Elevation 467 ft (142 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,768
 • Density 180/sq mi (71/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03036
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-12100
GNIS feature ID 0873564
Website www.chesternh.org

Chester is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,768 at the 2010 census.[1] It was home to the now defunct Chester College (formerly White Pines College).

History[edit]

From Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire, 1875:

"Chester is considered one of the old towns of the state. In 1719, about eighty persons, chiefly from Portsmouth and Hampton, formed an association, for the purpose of securing a tract of land in the "Chesnut Country" (so called) and stationed three men upon this tract, to hold possession until they should procure a lawful title. After considerable difficulty they obtained a grant of land, ten miles [16 km] square. Immediately the settlement was commenced by several persons from Rye and Hampton, among whom were Samuel Ingalls, Jonathan Goodhue, Jacob Sargent, Ebenezer Dearborn, Robert Smith, E. Colby and S. Robie, who contributed largely to the permanent success of the enterprise. On the 8th of May, 1722 the township which had hitherto been called Cheshire, was incorporated under its present name, and comprising an area of over 120 square miles [310 sqkm]."[2]

Chester once included Candia, set off in 1763. It may have been the first of the settlement grants by Massachusetts selected for expansion of growing populations in the seacoast. The name may be derived from Chester, the county town of the county of Cheshire in England. Earl of Chester is a title held by the Prince of Wales.

In 1822, a portion of Hooksett was taken from Chester. In 1845, the portion of the town known as Long Meadows was incorporated under the name of Auburn.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.0 square miles (67 km2), of which 25.9 sq mi (67 km2) is land and 0.1 sq mi (0.26 km2) (0.42%) is water. The Exeter River rises in Chester. The highest point in town is found on an unnamed hill west of Bell Hill and northwest of Harantis Lake; it has two knobs of almost equal elevation of at least 635 feet (194 m), according to the most recent (2011-2012) USGS 7.5-minute topographical map.[3] Chester lies mostly within the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed, though the western edge of town is in the Merrimack River watershed.[4]

Demographics[edit]

The Common c. 1910

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 3,792 people, 1,214 households, and 1,011 families residing in the town. The population density was 146.4 people per square mile (56.5/km²). There were 1,247 housing units at an average density of 48.1 per square mile (18.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.97% White, 0.26% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,214 households out of which 45.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.38.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $68,571, and the median income for a family was $75,092. Males had a median income of $44,056 versus $35,382 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,842. About 3.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

According to the most recent figures Chester has the third highest median property values in the state, and Chester residents have the highest median income.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Elementary and middle school students attend Chester Academy (public). High school students attend Pinkerton Academy in Derry, a privately operated school that contracts with the towns of Derry, Auburn, Chester, and Hampstead.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
  3. ^ http://ims.er.usgs.gov/gda_services/download?item_id=5642546
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "BELL, Charles Henry, (1823 - 1893)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Notable People". Chester Historical Society. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "BELL, Samuel, (1770 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "BELL, Samuel, (1770 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Notable People". Chester Historical Society. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Notable People". Chester Historical Society. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "HAZELTON, George Cochrane, (1832 - 1922". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "HAZELTON, Gerry Whiting, (1829 - 1920)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "LIVERMORE, Arthur, (1766 - 1853)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]