Chester, Nova Scotia

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This article is about the village. For the municipal district, see Chester Municipal District, Nova Scotia.
Chester, Nova Scotia
Village
Chester NS Aerial.jpg
Motto: A Progressive Community
Chester, Nova Scotia is located in Nova Scotia
Chester, Nova Scotia
Location of Chester in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°32′25″N 64°14′23″W / 44.54028°N 64.23972°W / 44.54028; -64.23972
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
County Lunenburg County.
Municipality Chester Municipal District
Founded 1759
Incorporated 1963
Government
 • Warden Allen Webber
 • Deputy Warden Floyd Shatford
 • Chief Administrative Officer Erin Beaudin
Elevation 17 m (56 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Urban 2,348
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code B0J 1J0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchanges 273 275 277 279 299 980
NTS Map 021A09
GNBC Code CAGYN
Website chesterareans.ca
Part of a series about Places in Nova Scotia

Chester is a Canadian village located in and part of Nova Scotia's Chester Municipal District in the southeastern part of Lunenburg County.

History[edit]

Chester was officially founded in 1759 during the French and Indian War. It was the Shoreham grant, although French fishermen had already built a few houses on the site. The first permanent European-descended settlers were a group from Massachusetts who came to the area in 1761.

HMS Hogue, which trapped the Young Teazer before the ship exploded

During the American Revolution, the village avoided a raid by American Privateers through the wherein the townswomen, young and old, garbed in cloaks with their red lining worn outwards marched around the blockhouse (now the Wisteria Cottage House) in the early morning of 30 June 1782 to successfully convince American Privateers lying offshore to find another place to pillage. The following day the privateers successfully executed the Raid on Lunenburg, Nova Scotia (1782).

During the War of 1812, the American Privateer Young Teazer was trapped off the shores of Chester by the HMS Hogue (1811). To avoid capture, a crew member of the Young Teazer destroyed his own ship, killing most of the crew.[2]

After World War I, to honour the 54 soldiers from the area that were killed, the famous New York sculptor J. Massey Rhind was commissioned to make the Nova Scotia Highlander soldier cenotaph.[3] After the war the Women's Institute of Nova Scotia established the Zoé Vallé Memorial Library.

Nova Scotia Highland soldier by famous New York sculptor J. Massey Rhind

Chester is one of the wealthiest communities in the province as a result of being a holiday and resort destination, with many seasonal and year-round estates and mansions. The nearby waters of Mahone Bay and its numerous islands are well known for yachting and have made the Chester Yacht Club into a cruising destination.[4] A Provincial ferry from the village provides a schedule of daily trips to Big Tancook Island and Little Tancook Island.

Chester was the site of a controversial proposal to change status of the village. A committee had been formed in hopes of changing the status of Chester by incorporating as a town, thereby leaving the Chester Municipal District. Many residents of the village under the banner "Citizens for Fairness" successfully fought the motion on the principle that the majority of citizens, by ballot, should decide such a fundamental change. Some also saw the possibility of higher taxes, costs for a town hall, a mayor, and water and sewage services as reasons to not incorporate. They won the right to a plebiscite in the fall of 2002 from the Nova Scotia Legislature. The motion was defeated in a public plebiscite on February 22, 2003.

Geography[edit]

The village is situated on the Chester Peninsula, which extends into Mahone Bay.

The village has two natural harbours, Front Harbour (including Front Cove) on the east and Back Harbour (including Back Cove or Mill Cove) on the west. The village is also immediately south of Stanford Lake.

Schools[edit]

Chester has an elementary school, Chester District School (grades Primary–5) and a middle school, Chester Area Middle School or CAMS as it is known (grades 6–9). Forest Heights Community School brings together students from New Ross and Chester for grades 10–12.

Festivals and events[edit]

Front Harbour, Chester
The passenger ferry MV William G Ernst, departing the dock at Chester bound for Big Tancook Island and Little Tancook Island. The ferry is operated by the provincial Department of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal.

The village is home to the Chester Playhouse one of the best-known community theaters on Nova Scotia's South Shore. Chester is well known for its annual summer sailing regatta, Chester Race Week, where keelboats from all over the eastern coast of North America compete during the second week of August. In the last weekend of July there is the annual Chester Garden Show and the House and Garden Tour along with harbour tours. Also that weekend is the famous Bonnie Lea Lobster benefit. Winter is a time for events including "Sing! Choirs" in December and February's "Coldest Day of the Year", the Chester Drama Society fundraiser. There are a number of public boat launch sites around Mahone Bay. The waters are fine for kyaking and sailing. For walkers and cyclists there is also the Chester Connector which is a municipal operated section of the previous rail line and which is shared with motorized recreational vehicles.

Movies[edit]

Scenes for several films, miniseries, movies of the week, and television shows have been shot in and around Chester:

TV shows[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nova Scotia Community Counts". Province of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 2011-09-02. 
  2. ^ Archibald Mechmecan. Sagas of the Sea.
  3. ^ https://www.cdli.ca/monuments/ns/chester.htm
  4. ^ Claudette Gaudet Sapp 'Sailors & rattling teacups : a history of the Chester Yacht Club' Lockeport, Nova Scotia

External links[edit]