Chester R. Bender
|Chester R. Bender|
14 March 1914|
Burnsville, West Virginia, U.S.
|Died||20 July 1996
Moraga, California, U.S.
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Coast Guard|
|Commands held||Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
Chester R. Bender (March 14, 1914 – July 20, 1996) served as the fourteenth Commandant of the United States Coast Guard from 1970 to 1974. He also served as Superintendent of the Coast Guard Academy from 1965 to 1967.
Early life and education
Bender was born in Burnsville, West Virginia and later moved with his parents John I. Bender and Inez Harbert Bender, to Plant City, Florida in 1925. In 1936, he became the first Florida resident to graduate from the United States Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut. During his time at the Academy, he served on the boxing squad and as humor editor of the Academy yearbook. He served as gun captain during his senior year.
World War II
Upon graduation from the Academy, he was commissioned as an Ensign, and was assigned as a line officer on the Coast Guard cutters USCGC Mendota and USCGC Bibb (WPG-31), on patrol in the Atlantic Ocean. In 1938, he was transferred to the USCGC Ossipee (WPR-50), on duty in the Great Lakes region. During this tour of duty, he met and married Annamarie Ransom of Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan on September 1, 1939. Their marriage lasted until her death in 1992. They had one son, Mark A. Bender
That same year, he was selected for flight training and reported for duty at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. A year later, he earned his aviator wings and was assigned to Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City, North Carolina.
During World War II, he flew anti-submarine patrols out of Elizabeth City, North Carolina. From June, 1943 to December, 1944, he commanded an air-rescue squadron based out of San Diego, California. During the last few months of the war, he served as air-sea rescue advisor and liaison officer for the Far East Air Force Headquarters, based in the Philippines, earning the Bronze Star for this service.
In December 1945, he was assigned to U.S. Coast Guard headquarters, as the executive officer of the Air-Sea Rescue Agency. From 1946 to 1950, he served as personal aide and pilot to Commandant Joseph F. Farley.
From 1950 to 1953, he served as Executive Officer of the Coast Guard Air Station St. Petersburg, Florida, and in 1953 assumed command of the Coast Guard Air Station Traverse City, Michigan. In 1955, he returned to Coast Guard headquarters, assuming command of the War Plans Division. Three years later in 1958, he was promoted to Captain and given command of the Coast Guard Air Station Barbers Point, Hawaii.
In 1959, after two decades of aviation duty, he assumed command of the USCGC Bering Strait (WAVP-382), based out of Honolulu, Hawaii. From 1961 to 1964, he served as Mobilization and Readiness Officer for the San Francisco, California-based Western Area Command. From 1964 to 1965, he served as Commander of the Cleveland, Ohio-based 9th Coast Guard District.
From 1965 to 1967, he served as Superintendent of the United States Coast Guard Academy. During his tenure, he established the U.S. Coast Guard Museum in order to preserve and display artifacts from early Coast Guard history.
From 1967 to 1970, he served as Commander of the San Francisco-based 12th Coast Guard District, where he was responsible for all Coast Guard operations in the Pacific Ocean, Northern California, and most of Nevada and Utah.
Commandant of the U.S. Coast Guard
On April 16, 1970, Bender was nominated by U.S. President Richard Nixon to replace Admiral Willard J. Smith as Commandant. Following Senate confirmation, he took office on June 1, 1970. During his tenure, he implemented the distinctive "Bender Blues" uniforms, designed to distinguish the U.S. Coast Guard from the U.S. Navy. In 1972, he was awarded the Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal.
As Commandant, Bender was known for his support of environmental protection and was recognized for his management of the U.S. Coast Guard's programs relating to new environmental responsibilities. In 1973, he served as delegate and alternate chairman of the American delegation to the Marine Pollution Conference of IMCO in 1973.
Later life and death
Willard J. Smith
|Commandant of the Coast Guard
Owen W. Siler