Chesterfield (UK Parliament constituency)

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Chesterfield
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chesterfield in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Electorate 72,866 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Chesterfield
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Toby Perkins (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Derbyshire East
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Chesterfield is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Toby Perkins of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Chesterfield is a town just outside the Peak District southwest of Sheffield. It includes most of the town of Chesterfield, including the Church of St Mary and All Saints with its famous 'crooked spire', and borders the constituencies of Bolsover and Derbyshire North East.

The current boundaries centre on Chesterfield itself, with the areas around Staveley, and Barrow Hill, falling within the neighbouring North East Derbyshire seat. Under the boundary changes necessary to accommodate the new Mid Derbyshire constituency, Chesterfield is only moderately effected, losing New Whittington to North East Derbyshire but otherwise keeping its shape.

History[edit]

Chesterfield has mainly been a Labour seat with periods when it is has been held by other parties, although it is now a marginal with the Liberal Democrats coming a close second in 2010. Chesterfield was a Labour Party safe seat from 1935 until 2001. The young Andrew Cavendish, later the Duke of Devonshire, was a candidate at the 1945 and 1950 elections.

The former Labour cabinet minister Tony Benn held the seat from a by-election in 1984 until his retirement in 2001 to "spend more time involved in politics." Benn had been a Labour Cabinet Minister between 1966-70 and 1974-1979. Paul Holmes gained the seat for the Liberal Democrats at the 2001 general election, the party's first seat in the East Midlands in the House of Commons, but narrowly lost the seat in 2010 to the Labour candidate Toby Perkins; one of only three seats the Labour Party gained in the 2010 election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[2] Party
1885 Alfred Barnes Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Thomas Bayley Liberal
1906 James Haslam Lib-Lab
1910 Labour
1913 Barnet Kenyon Lib-Lab
1918 Liberal
1929 George Benson Labour
1931 Roger Conant Conservative
1935 George Benson Labour
1964 Eric Varley Labour
1984 Tony Benn Labour
2001 Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat
2010 Toby Perkins Labour

Election results[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010
Electorate: 72,866
Turnout: 45,839 (63.8%) +3.8
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat
Majority: 549 (1.2%) N/A
Swing: 3.8% from Lib Dem to Lab
Toby Perkins Labour 17,891 39.0 -1.6
Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat 17,342 37.8 -9.1
Carolyn Abbott Conservative 7,214 15.7 +7.5
David Phillips UKIP 1,432 3.1 +0.9
Ian Jerram English Democrats 1,213 2.6 +0.8
Duncan Kerr Green 600 1.3 N/A
John "Noneoftheabove" Daramy Independent 147 0.3 N/A
General Election 2005
Turnout: 44,121 (59.6%) -1.1
Liberal Democrat hold
Majority: 3,045 (6.9%) +1.1
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Lib Dem
Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat 20,875 47.3 -0.5
Simon Rich Labour 17,830 40.4 -1.6
Mark Kreling Conservative 3,605 8.2 +0.1
Christopher Brady UKIP 997 2.3 N/A
Ian Jerram English Democrats 814 1.8 N/A
General Election 2001
Turnout: 44,441 (60.7%) -10.2
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour
Majority: 2,586 (5.8%) N/A
Swing: 8.6% from Lab to Lib Dem
Paul Holmes Liberal Democrat 21,249 47.8 +8.3
Reg Race Labour 18,663 42.0 -8.8
Simon Hitchcock Conservative 3,613 8.1 -1.1
Jeannie Robinson Socialist Alliance 437 1.0 N/A
Bill Harrison Socialist Labour 295 0.7 N/A'
Christopher Rawson Independent 184 0.4 N/A
General Election 1997
Turnout: 51,389 (78.0%)
Labour hold
Majority: 5,775 N/A
Tony Benn Labour 26,105 50.8 +3.5
Tony Rogers Liberal Democrat 20,330 39.6 +3.8
Martin Potter Conservative 4,752 9.2 -7.7
Norman Scarth Independent 202 0.4 N/A
General Election 1992
Turnout: 55,981 (78.1%) +1.4
Labour hold
Majority: 6,414 (11.5%) -4.4
Tony Benn Labour 26,461 47.3 +1.8
AH Rogers Liberal Democrat 20,047 35.8 +6.2
PG Lewis Conservative 9,473 16.9 -8.0
General Election 1987
Turnout: 53,959 (76.7%) -0.2
Labour hold
Majority: 8,577 (15.9%) +4.1
Tony Benn Labour 24,532 44.9 -1.6
Tony Rogers Liberal 15,955 29.6 -5.1
RP Grant Conservative 13,472 25.0 +9.8
Chesterfield by-election, 1984
Turnout: 52,992 (76.9%) +4.3
Labour hold
Majority: 6,264 (11.8%) -3.8
Tony Benn Labour 24,633 46.5 -1.6
Max Payne Liberal 18,369 34.7 +15.1
Nick Bourne Conservative 8,028 15.2 -17.3
Bill Maynard Independent 1,355 2.6 N/A
Screaming Lord Sutch Monster Raving Loony 178 0.3 N/A
David Bentley Independent 116 0.2 N/A
John Davey Independent 83 0.3 N/A
Thomas Layton Independent 46 0.1 N/A
Helen Anscombe Independent 34 0.1 N/A
Jitendra Bardwaj Independent 33 0.1 N/A
Donald Butler Independent 24 0.1 N/A
Paul Nicholls-Jones Independent 22 0.0 N/A
Sid Shaw Independent 20 0.1 N/A
Christopher Hill Independent 17 0.0 N/A
Giancarlo Piccaro Independent 15 0.0 N/A
David Cahill Independent 12 0.0 N/A
John Connell Independent 7 0.0 N/A
General Election 1983
Turnout: 49,704 (72.6%) -0.8
Labour hold
Majority: 7,763 (15.6%) -9.5
Eric Varley Labour 23,881 48.1 -9.3
Nick Bourne Conservative 16,118 32.4 +0.2
Max Payne Liberal 9,705 19.5 +9.1

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,049 57.4
Conservative S. Hill 17,445 32.2
Liberal M. Payne 5,617 10.4
Majority 13,604 25.1
Turnout 73.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 30,953 59.9
Conservative J. D. Taylor 13,393 25.9
Liberal M. W. Brown 7,349 14.2
Majority 17,560 34.0
Turnout 72.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,040 54.8
Conservative J. D. Taylor 15,644 27.6
Liberal M. W. Brown 9,937 17.6
Majority 15,396 27.2
Turnout 80.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 30,386 59.0
Conservative J. C. Ramsden 16,217 31.5
Liberal T. D. Bamford 4,891 9.5
Majority 14,169 27.5
Turnout 72.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 31,542 61.6
Conservative A. T. Hale 13,443 26.3
Liberal T. D. Bamford 6,227 12.2
Majority 18,099 35.3
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eric Varley 29,452 56.5
Conservative W. G. Blake 14,944 28.7
Liberal D. A. McKie 7,738 14.8
Majority 14,508 27.8
Turnout 78.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 30,534 56.6
Conservative J. A. Lemkin 17,084 31.7
Liberal G. R. Smedley-Stevenson 6,360 11.8
Majority 13,450 24.9
Turnout 82.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 29,602 57.7
Liberal National F. Hadfield 21,748 42.4
Majority 7,854 15.3
Turnout 79.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 34,753 63.7
Liberal National J. F. Nash 19,776 36.3
Majority 14,977 27.5
Turnout 84.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 33,914 60.8
Liberal National Andrew Cavendish 17,231 30.9
Liberal J. O'Neill 4,052 7.3
Communist B. Barker 554 1.0
Majority 16,683 29.9
Turnout 87.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Chesterfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 29,459 62.8
Liberal National Marquess of Hartington 17,424 37.2
Majority 12,035 25.7
Turnout 46,883 77.4
Labour hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; Labour: George Benson, Conservative:

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Chesterfield

Electorate 52,758

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 21,439 50.94
Conservative Roger John Edward Conant 16,555 39.33
Liberal R G Hill 4,096 9.73
Majority 4,884 11.60
Turnout 79.78
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Chesterfield

Electorate 50,076

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger John Edward Conant 23,026 57.46
Labour George Benson 17,046 42.54
Majority 5,980 14.92
Turnout 80.02
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 30 May 1929

Electorate 48,733

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Benson 20,296 54.1
Unionist Roger John Edward Conant 9,915 26.4
Liberal Ald. Harry Cropper 7,329 19.5
Majority 10,381 27.7
Turnout 37,540 77.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election, 29 October 1924

Electorate 35,989

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 13,971 60.3 +9.4
Labour George Benson 9,206 39.7 +13.8
Majority
Turnout 23,177 64.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 12,164 50.9 n/a
Labour George Benson 6,198 25.9 n/a
Unionist R F H Broomhead-Colton-Fox 5,541 23.2 n/a
Majority 5,966 25.0 n/a
Turnout 23,903 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon unopposed
Liberal hold Swing
Barnet Kenyon
Chesterfield by-election, 1913

Electorate 16,995

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Barnet Kenyon 7,725 55.8
Unionist Edward Christie 5,539 40.0
Independent Labour John Scurr 583 4.2
Turnout 81.5
Majority 2,186 15.8
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°15′N 1°24′W / 53.25°N 1.40°W / 53.25; -1.40