Chestnut Hill West Line
|Chestnut Hill West Line|
|Type||Commuter rail line|
|System||SEPTA Regional Rail|
|Termini||Chestnut Hill West
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The Chestnut Hill West Line (formerly called R8 Chestnut Hill West), is a route of the SEPTA Regional Rail (commuter rail) system. The route serves the northwestern section of Philadelphia with service to Germantown, Mount Airy, and Chestnut Hill. It is one of two lines that serve these Northwest Philadelphia neighborhoods, the other one being the Chestnut Hill East Line.
The Chestnut Hill West Line branches off from Amtrak's Northeast Corridor at North Philadelphia station and runs entirely within the City of Philadelphia. Its terminal is named Chestnut Hill West to distinguish it from the end of the Chestnut Hill East Line (a competing line of the Reading Company until 1976). Some stations are less than half a mile apart, a characteristic more commonly seen in an urban rapid transit system rather than a commuter rail line. The line runs roughly parallel to the Chestnut Hill East, and the two terminals are rather close.
The line was originally opened June 11, 1884 by the Philadelphia, Germantown and Chestnut Hill Railroad, and was operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad until 1968. The Penn Central operated it until 1976, turning operations over to Conrail until 1983, when SEPTA took over. The Chestnut Hill West Line was originally to be numbered the R3 due to the proposed Swampoodle Connection bringing it into the Reading Company side of the Center City Commuter Connection.
Electrified service began on March 30, 1918.
In June 1987, inspectors found the 103-year-old Cresheim Valley bridge (Bridge 5.44, its distance in miles from North Philadelphia Station) to be unsafe and condemned it. Service was terminated at Allen Lane with shuttle buses serving St. Martin's, Highland and Chestnut Hill West. Funding for a replacement bridge was not obtained until March 1988, and the replacement bridge opened December 1989. SEPTA also took advantage of this closure to initiate rail and catenary replacement on the line.
On July 25, 2010 SEPTA renamed the service from the R8 Chestnut Hill West to simply the Chestnut Hill West Line as part of system-wide service change that eliminated the R-number naming and makes the Center City stations the terminus for all lines. This also ended the combined R8 Fox Chase/R8 Chestnut Hill West service, but many trains from Chestnut Hill West to Center City still continue on to Fox Chase, and vice versa.
The Chestnut Hill West makes the following station stops, after leaving 30th Street Station:
|C||1.9||Zoological Garden||0||Philadelphia||Station operated from 1886 to circa 1911|
|2.8||Engleside||0||Abandoned April 5, 1903, due to competition from trolley companies|
|3.2||Ridge Avenue||0||Abandoned April 5, 1903, due to competition from trolley companies|
|3.9||22nd Street||0||Abandoned; not to be confused with the Allegheny station on the Manayunk/Norristown Line which was formerly called 22nd Street.|
|4.7||North Philadelphia||184||flag stop; also Trenton Line, Amtrak; formerly Germantown Junction|
|5.5||Westmoreland||0||station closed October 1994|
|7.4||Chelten Avenue||324||high-level platforms|
|9.4||Allen Lane||289||high-level platforms|
|10.2||St. Martins||241||known as Wissahickon Heights Station from 1883 to 1906|
|11.3||Chestnut Hill West||433||high-level platforms|
Boardings are for fiscal year 2011. Data for North Philadelphia includes Trenton Line boardings.
From SEPTA Annual Service Plans:
|Fiscal year||Average weekday||Annual passengers|
|Note: n/a = not available|
- "List of new SEPTA schedules".
- "Fiscal Year 2015 Annual Service Plan". SEPTA. May 2014.
- "Early Figures Show Boost for Transit". Philadelphia Daily News (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). September 23, 1994. p. 13.