Chetthathirat

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Chetthathirat
เชษฐาธิราช
King of Ayutthaya kingdom
King of Siam
Reign 1628–1629
Predecessor Songtham
Successor Athittayawong
Full name
Chetthathirat
Borommaracha II
House Sukhothai Dynasty
Father Songtham
Mother Ammarit
Died 1629
Wat Khok Phraya,Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya District, Ayutthaya

Chetthathirat (Thai: เชษฐาธิราช) or Borommaracha II (บรมราชาที่ 2; c. 1613 – 1629) was the eldest son of King Song Tham and older brother of King Athittayawong, all three of the House of Sukhothai. In childhood he was known as Chetthakuman (พระเชษฐากุมาร), meaning 'Chettha the Infant', or simply Chettha. He had an uncle Phra Siin (Thai: พระพันปีศรีศิลป์).

Chettha reigned for a period of one year and seven months, after the death of his father, according to Songtham's wishes, and conveyed to Okya Siworawong (Thai: ออกญาศรีวรวงศ์ later Prasat Thong) – an influential royal page. The events were detailed by Jeremias van Vliet.[1]:211-214

The king’s last wish, however, was objected to by some leaders in the kingdom, including the Kalahom Chaophraya Maha Senabodi. Siworawong gained supporters in the government, and even used the services of Yamada Nagamasa the Okya Senaphimok (Thai: ออกญาเสนาภิมุข). Upon king Songtham’s death, Chettha took the throne and Siworawong arrested and executed those who had been oppossed to the idea. Siworawong was made Chaophraya Kalahom (Thai: ออกญากลาโหมสุริยวงศ์).[1]:212

Siworawong then induced Phra Sisin, who had entered the priesthood, to come to the palace with his followers. Siworawong captured him and ordered his execution. However, Chetthathirat spared his life but exiled him to Phetchaburi. Later Chetthathirat did execute Sisin, when he plotted rebellion.[1]:213

Upon the death of Siworawong's mother, he held a grand cremation ceremony over several days, attended by every government servant. This jealously infuriated the monarch who was attempting to conduct government business, and punished those servants. Siworawong sought to protect those servants and they vowed their support in oppossing the monarch. They attacked the palace, captured the king and executed him. The throne was given to his younger brother Phra Athittayawong.[1]:214

Reference[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rajanubhab, D., 2001, Our Wars With the Burmese, Bangkok: White Lotus Co. Ltd., ISBN9747534584
Chetthathirat
Born: 1628 Died: 1629
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Songtham
King of Ayutthaya
1628–1629
Succeeded by
Athittayawong