Cheviot, Ohio

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Cheviot, Ohio
City
Cheviot's 1930s fieldhouse and community center
Cheviot's 1930s fieldhouse and community center
Motto: "Big City Spirit - Small Town Charm"
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Hamilton County and the state of Ohio.
Coordinates: 39°9′28″N 84°36′45″W / 39.15778°N 84.61250°W / 39.15778; -84.61250Coordinates: 39°9′28″N 84°36′45″W / 39.15778°N 84.61250°W / 39.15778; -84.61250
Country United States
State Ohio
County Hamilton
Government
 • Mayor Samuel D. Keller (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 1.17 sq mi (3.03 km2)
 • Land 1.17 sq mi (3.03 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 8,375
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 8,327
 • Density 7,158.1/sq mi (2,763.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 45211
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-14128[5]
GNIS feature ID 1056799[2]
Website www.cheviot.org/main.shtml

Cheviot /ˈʃɛviət/[6] is a city in west-central Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 8,375 at the 2010 census.[7]

History[edit]

In 1814 a Scottish immigrant named John Craig purchased a half section of 320 acres (1.3 km2) of Green Township from Elias Boudinot. He built an inn and tavern on the Harrison Pike. In 1818 Craig laid out a village which he named after the Cheviot Hills in southern Scotland. He sold lots and growth began.

In 1863, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan led his Morgan's Raiders past Union lines through Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. One of the targets included Cheviot, where the town was devastated by fire and destruction from the rampaging soldiers on July 13 of that year.

The town was incorporated in 1901. Originally a farming community, today Cheviot is a residential suburb of Cincinnati.

Culture[edit]

The city of Cheviot is home to much of the same German-American and other ethnic cultures that inhabit the surrounding Cincinnati area.[8] The city is known locally (and regionally) for its annual Harvest Home Fair. Since about 1855, the fair has been held each year on the weekend after Labor Day. The city incorporated the West Fest Street Festival in 2002, which has steadily grown in popularity. The annual event features local food, various booths/activities, children's rides, and live music. Cheviot is often recognized by locals as "The Heart of The West Side" (of Cincinnati) because of its urban yet small-town, friendly culture. The city features a concentrated variety of small businesses and pubs along its main thoroughfares.

Government[edit]

Administration
Mayor Sam Keller
Mayor's AA Theresa Lehn
Safety Service Director Tom Braun
Fire Chief Robert Klein
Police Chief Joseph Lally
City Council
Leadership
President
Deborah Slaughter
Clerk of Council
Jenny Eilermann
Seats 7

Geography[edit]

Cheviot is located about 7 miles (11 km) northwest of downtown Cincinnati, at 39°9′28″N 84°36′45″W / 39.15778°N 84.61250°W / 39.15778; -84.61250 (39.157659, -84.612594).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.17 square miles (3.03 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,930
1920 4,108 112.8%
1930 8,046 95.9%
1940 9,043 12.4%
1950 9,944 10.0%
1960 10,701 7.6%
1970 11,135 4.1%
1980 9,888 −11.2%
1990 9,616 −2.8%
2000 9,015 −6.2%
2010 8,375 −7.1%
Est. 2012 8,327 −0.6%
Sources:[5][10][11][12][13][14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 8,375 people, 3,779 households, and 1,931 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,158.1 inhabitants per square mile (2,763.8 /km2). There were 4,303 housing units at an average density of 3,677.8 per square mile (1,420.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.0% White, 7.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 3,779 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.1% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.9% were non-families. 39.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 34.6 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 13.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 9,015 people, 4,064 households, and 2,202 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,753.5 people per square mile (3,000.6/km²). There were 4,338 housing units at an average density of 3,731.0 per square mile (1,443.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.93% White, 0.79% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 4,064 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.8% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,150, and the median income for a family was $48,947. Males had a median income of $36,886 versus $28,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,686. About 5.2% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

Religious Organizations/Churches[edit]

Cheviot United Methodist Church (UMC)

One Accord Christian Church (Non-Denominational)

St. Martin of Tours (RCC)

Vineyard Westside (Vineyard USA)

Cheviot for Jesus (interdenominational)

Cheviot Christian Communion

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "A Pronunciation Guide to Places in Ohio". E.W.Scripps School of Journalism. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  7. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cheviot city, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  8. ^ Felix Winternitz & Sacha DeVroomen Bellman (2007). Insiders' Guide to Cincinnati. Globe Pequot. p. 304. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

External links[edit]