Cheviot (New Zealand electorate)
The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853, based on the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 that had been passed by the British government. The Constitution Act also allowed the House of Representatives to establish new electorates, and this was first done in 1858, when four new electorates were formed by splitting existing electorates. Cheviot was one of those four electorates, and it was established in areas that previously belonged to the Wairau and Christchurch Country electorates.
The Cheviot electorate was entirely rural. The returning officer, George Leslie Lee, decided on two two polling stations for the first election in December 1859, and they were both sheep stations of runholders: Robinson's station Cheviot Hills, and Mason's Old Station at Waituhi Creek.
The first election in the Cheviot electorate was held on 18 December 1859, which was partway through the term of the 2nd New Zealand Parliament. Edward Jollie was the first representative. Leonard Harper was the only representative who did not serve through his whole term – he resigned on 2 April 1878. The subsequent 1878 by-election, held on 27 May, was won by Alfred Saunders.
The electorate was abolished in 1890.
- History and naming of the town of Cheviot
- McRobie 1989, pp. 29.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 30f.
- "Government Notices". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle. XVIII. 3 December 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Wilson 1985, p. 208.
- "Mr. Leonard Harper". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1903. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- Wilson 1985, p. 203.
- Wilson 1985, p. 233.
- Wilson 1985, p. 260.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.