Chevrolet 210

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chevrolet 210
1956 Chevrolet 210 4-Door Sedan JCM211.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Chevrolet
Production 1953–1957
Layout FR layout
Chronology
Successor Chevrolet Biscayne
First generation
1953 Chevrolet 2103 4-Door Sedan EDN519.jpg
Overview
Production 1953–1954
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
2-door hardtop
4-door wagon
2-door convertible
Powertrain
Engine 235 cu in (3.9 L) I6
Transmission 3-speed manual[1]
2-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 115 in (2,921 mm)
Length 195.5 in (4,966 mm) [1]
Width 75 in (1,905 mm)
Second generation
1956 210.PNG
Overview
Production 1955–1957
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
2-door coupe
2-door hardtop
4-door hardtop (1956–57)
2-door wagon
4-door wagon
Powertrain
Engine 235 cu in (3.9 L) I6
265 cu in (4.3 L) V8
283 cu in (4.6 L) V8
Transmission 3-speed manual
2-speed automatic

The Chevrolet Two-Ten, or 210 was the midrange model of the Chevrolet car from 1953–1957. It took its name by shortening the production series number (2100) by one digit in order to capitalize on the 1950s trend toward numerical auto names. The numerical designation '"210"' was also sporadically used in company literature. It replaced the Styleline DeLuxe model available in previous years. This model was dropped following the 1957 model year to be replaced by the Biscayne.

History[edit]

The Two-Ten series, introduced for the 1953 model year, replaced the Styleline DeLuxe series. It was actually the best-selling Chevrolet model during 1953 and 54, offering a balance of style and luxury appointments unavailable in the base 150 series, but was less costly than the glitzy Bel Air. Two-Tens offered the widest choice of body styles for 1953, including a convertible, Sport Coupe hardtop, two- and four-door sedans, and four-door station wagons.

1954 Chevrolet 2103 4-Door Sedan

As the American public began to prefer posh to economy, the Bel Air began to outsell the lesser series, including both 150 and 210 models. As a partial answer to this, Chevrolet re-introduced the Two-Ten Sport Coupe hardtop in the middle of the 1955 model year, and also added a four-door Two-Ten hardtop Sport Sedan for 1956. Neither achieved the sales of their Bel Air counterparts, however, since they were only about $100.00 cheaper than the Bel Airs, which provided more luxury and premium exterior trim.

Unlike the 150 series, Two-Tens were always available with the same luxury options as the Bel Air, including the Powerglide automatic transmission, power window lifts and seat adjuster. The Two-Ten Townsman was the top station wagon model offered in 1953, but the Townsman was moved up to the Bel Air series for 1954, only to return to the Two-Ten for 1955. The lower-priced Handyman station wagon, a four-door model in 1953-54, became a two-door for 1955-57. Both were joined by a nine-passenger Beauville four-door wagon in 1956-57.

Today[edit]

Today, the Bel Air series of Chevrolets from 1953 to 1957 are far and away the most desirable models for collectors. However, Two-Ten models do have appeal, especially the 1953 convertible (very rare), the Del Ray Club Coupe with its upgraded vinyl interior, and the Sport Coupe hardtops of 1953 and 1955-57. Other models are less valuable, but again, can be purchased for less money than Bel Airs, for Chevy collectors on a budget. Unlike the One-Fifty series, Two-Tens do sport a fair amount of chrome trim and de luxe interior appointments, making them attractive and comfortable.

1953–1954 Models[edit]

First year for the Two-Ten. These model years are essentially the same except for minor front and rear trim items, and of course the reduced model offering in 1954. Turn signal indicators on 1953 dashboards were white, green in 1954.

Powertrains[edit]

Two engines were used in each of the '53-'54 model years, the more powerful Blue Flame unit used with the Powerglide automatic transmission. All Two-Tens had a 3 speed Synchromesh manual transmission as standard, with two optional transmissions (see below). All engines are of the overhead valve (OHV) design. They are commonly referred to as "Stovebolt Sixes" because of the large slotted-head screws used to fasten the valve cover and pushrod covers to the block. 1954 was the last year for 6 volt electrical systems in Chevrolet vehicles.

  • 235 in³ "Thrift-King" I6 rated at 108 hp (81 kW) (1953 manual transmissions)
  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 115 hp (86 kW) (1953 Powerglide)
  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 115 hp (86 kW) (1954 manual transmissions)
  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 125 hp (93 kW) (1954 Powerglide)

Transmissions[edit]

  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual
  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual with overdrive unit
  • 2-speed Powerglide automatic.

1955[edit]

The '55 model year marks the introduction of a new chassis and the debut of the Chevrolet's legendary small block V8. The center door frame was beefed up for more safety.[2] Brakes were 11-inch (280 mm) drums.[3] The Two-Ten buyer was free to choose any powertrain option available. The ammeter and oil pressure gauges were changed to warning lights.

Image Gallery[edit]

Engines[edit]

  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 123 hp (92 kW) (manual transmission)
  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame I6 rated at 136 hp (101 kW) (automatic transmission)
  • 265 in³ "Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 rated at 162 hp (121 kW) or 180 hp (134 kW) (optional)

Transmissions[edit]

  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual
  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual with overdrive unit
  • 2-speed Powerglide automatic.

1956[edit]

Engine choices remain the same except higher hp ratings. The 265³ V8 could now be had in three different flavors. The I6 had a new unified build no matter the transmission.

Engines[edit]

  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 140 hp (104 kW).
  • 265 in³ "Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 rated at 170 hp (127 kW).
  • 265 in³ "Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 with quad barrel carburetor rated at 210 hp (157 kW)
  • 265 in³ "Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 with dual-quad barrel carburetors rated at 225 hp (168 kW)

Transmissions[edit]

  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual
  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual with overdrive unit
  • 2-speed Powerglide automatic

1957[edit]

New for '57 is the 283 in³ small-block V8. Even the fuel injected version was theoretically available to the Two-Ten buyer. The Two-Ten shared the wedge-shaped side trim with the Bel Air, but unlike the Bel Air (which had the wedge filled with an aluminum trim panel) the Two-Ten's wedge was painted either body color, or top color with the optional two-tone paint package. "Chevrolet" in script was mounted inside the wedge.

Engines[edit]

  • 235 in³ "Blue Flame" I6 rated at 140 hp (104 kW).
  • 265 in³ "Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 rated at 162 hp (121 kW).
  • 283 in³ "Super Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 rated at 185 hp (138 kW).
  • 283 in³ "Super Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 with 4 barrel carburetor rated at 220 hp (164 kW)
  • 283 in³ "Super Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 with dual 4 barrel carburetors rated at 270 hp (201 kW)
  • 283 in³ "Super Turbo-Fire" OHV V8 with Rochester Ram-Jet fuel injection rated at 283 hp (211 kW)

Transmissions[edit]

  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual
  • 3-speed Synchromesh manual with overdrive unit
  • 2-speed Powerglide automatic
  • Turboglide variable-speed automatic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flory, Jr., J. "Kelly" (2008). American Cars, 1946-1959 Every Model Every Year. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7864-3229-5. 
  2. ^ "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1955_Chevrolet/1955_Chevrolet_Prestige_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  3. ^ "Directory Index: Chevrolet/1955_Chevrolet/1955_Chevrolet_Prestige_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-31.