Daewoo Lacetti

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Daewoo Lacetti
Daewoo Lacetti front 20080709.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer GM Daewoo
Production 2002–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Daewoo Nubira
Successor Chevrolet Cruze

The Daewoo Lacetti is a compact car produced by the South Korean manufacturer GM Daewoo since 2002. The first-generation Lacetti was available as a four-door sedan, a five-door hatchback or a five-door station wagon. The sedan and wagon were designed by Pininfarina, and the hatchback by Giorgetto Giugiaro. The hatchback, known as Lacetti5 in South Korea, was introduced in summer 2004.

In November 2008, the second-generation Lacetti was launched under the name Lacetti Premiere, being a badge-engineered version of the Chevrolet Cruze—though co-developed by GM Daewoo and Chevrolet. It was produced under the Daewoo marque until the beginning of 2011, when the latter was discontinued, but it continues production under the Chevrolet and Holden brands.

First generation (2002–2008)[edit]

First generation (J200)
Daewoo Nubira Sedan front.jpg
Overview
Also called Buick Excelle (China)
Chevrolet Lacetti (Europe)
Chevrolet Optra (Asia, South America, Canada, Mexico, South Africa)
Chevrolet Estate (Indonesia)
Chevrolet Nubira (Europe)
Daewoo Lacetti (South Korea)
Daewoo Nubira (Europe)
Daewoo Gentra (Uzbekistan)
Holden Viva (Australia)
Suzuki Reno (United States)
Suzuki Forenza (United States)
Production South Korea: 2002–2008
China: 2003–present
Russia: 2007–2012
Uzbekistan: 2008–present
Assembly Gunsan, South Korea
Bogota, Colombia (GM Colombia)
Halol, India (GM India)
Shanghai, China (Shanghai GM)
Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
Kaliningrad, Russia
Miaoli, Taiwan
Rayong, Thailand
Valencia, Venezuela (GM Venezuela)
Ha Noi, Vietnam (GM Vietnam)
Asaka, Uzbekistan (GM Uzbekistan)
Designer Pininfarina (sedan, station wagon)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (hatchback)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door hatchback
5-door station wagon
Related Baojun 630
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L E-TEC I4 (petrol)
1.6 L E-TEC I4 (petrol)
1.8 L Family II I4 (petrol)
2.0 L Family II I4 (petrol)
2.0 L RA 420 I4 (diesel)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 102.4 in (2,601 mm)
Length 177.2 in (4,501 mm) (sedan)
169.1 in (4,295 mm) (hatchback)
179.7 in (4,564 mm) (station wagon, Suzuki)
180.3 in (4,580 mm) (station wagon, Chevrolet)
Width 67.9 in (1,725 mm)
Height 56.9 in (1,445 mm) (sedan & hatchback)
59.1 in (1,501 mm) (station wagon)
Curb weight 2,756–2,855 lb (1,250–1,295 kg)

Body styles and design[edit]

Lacetti was developed based on its predecessor Nubira under Daewoo before it was acquired by GM.[1] It was produced in five-door hatchback, four-door sedan and five-door wagon body styles. The hatchback featured a different exterior and interior design than the sedan, whereas the wagon had the exterior design of the sedan and the interior of the hatchback. In 2008, the sedan was facelifted, receiving the front end of the hatchback, but this version was only produced in certain countries, such as Colombia, India or Thailand, and since 2013, in Uzbekistan.

Marketing and production[edit]

South Korea[edit]

In South Korea, the 4-door Daewoo Lacetti was released in 2002. The 5-door hatchback showed off only after the 2004 facelift of the sedan, which mainly included a new front grill, switching from a three-part corporate Daewoo grill to a simpler, Chevrolet-style grill. The hatchback name was Lacetti5, offering a specific design for the front, rear and dashboard.

The wagon version, called simply the Lacetti Wagon, was introduced in late 2007—though it was already sold in many other countries. It had the same dashboard than the hatchback, with the sedan front end. At the same time, GM Daewoo introduced the VM Motori diesel engines on the Lacetti range.

When the Lacetti Premiere was introduced in November 2008, the sedan and wagon version sales were discontinued, leaving the only hatchback in the range, renamed Lacetti EX. The Lacetti EX was discontinued in October 2009.

Australia[edit]

In Australia the Daewoo Lacetti was briefly sold between 2003 and 2004 as a four-door sedan. During the 'Asian Economic Crisis', Daewoo became technically insolvent and the company withdrew from the Australian market.

Holden Viva (JF) sedan

From 2005, the Lacetti (sedan and wagon) and Lacetti5 were sold together as the Holden Viva. It was introduced at around the same time as the Daewoo Gentra-based Holden Barina. Unlike the current Barina, however, the Viva was meant to be below the premium Holden Astra as a budget alternative.

Despite the Viva's lower price compared to the Astra (A$17,990 compared to A$21,990), the Astra continued to outsell the Viva by a factor of about two-to-one.[2]

With the release of the all new Holden Cruze in mid-2009 the Viva ceased to be sold in Australia.

Canada[edit]

The Lacetti was available in Canada as the Chevrolet Optra in two models, a four-door hatchback (the Optra5), and an Optra Wagon, all in LS or LT trim levels (2005 Wagon only had Base or LS trim levels) . The sedan was available in 2004 and 2005, but was removed in 2006. All are powered by the 2.0 L inline-4 D-TEC engine, rated at 119 hp (89 kW) at 5400 rpm and 126 lb·fts (171 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm, driving the front wheels through either a 5-speed manual transmission or a 4-speed automatic. Despite its compact size and the 2.0L engine, fuel economy was poor rated at 10.7L/ 100 km for city and 7.4 for highway driving which was worse than midsize cars like the Toyota Camry or Honda Accord, considering that the Optra was a compact car.[3]

The car was positioned as a versatile and fun to drive but affordable budget compact family car. Brakes are disc, front and rear. The Optra slotted between the Cobalt and the Aveo, and it replaced the Daewoo Nubira.

Chevrolet Optra5 (Canada)

Independent suspension, 15-inch wheels, and CD player were standard on the LS sedan, with optional ABS and air conditioning; the LT adds standard air conditioning and cruise control, Standard Fog Lamps on both LS & LT, and an optional sunroof. Length is 177.7 in (4515 mm) on a 102.4 in (2600 mm) wheelbase; width is 67.9 in (1725 mm), height 56.9 in (1445 mm) and weight 2756 lb (1250 kg). The sedan is rated as an Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle.

The Optra5 hatchback was added to the lineup in 2004 and was more contemporary in styling and equipment, with projector type headlights and fog lamps, clear taillight lenses, blackout grille, and minimal front and rear overhang with length only 169 in (4295 mm) on the same wheelbase, height, and width. Weight is 2765 lb (1254 kg). In addition to the same options available on the sedan LS and LT models, an options package containing alloy wheels, sunroof, spoiler, leather steering wheel and shift knob, and steering wheel mounted controls for the 8 speaker audio system was in keeping with the younger enthusiast market.

The Optra Wagon was also added to the lineup in 2005 but shares styling with the sedan. While wheelbase and width are also shared with the sedan, the wagon is taller at 59.1 in (1500 mm) and slightly longer at 179.7 in (4565 mm), and heavier at 2855 lb (1295 kg). The wagon has standard alloy roof rails, 60/40 folding rear seat, and a 12-volt power outlet in the rear compartment, in addition to the same options available on the sedan LS and LT models.

General Motors Canada discontinued the importation of Optra for 2008.[3]

China[edit]

2008 Buick Excelle HRV

In China, the cars are marketed as the Buick Excelle sedan or wagon and Excelle HRV (hatchback). The sedan, which is also assembled in China, features an updated exterior.

The successor to the Daewoo Lacetti based Buick Excelle is based on the global GM Delta II platform, like the Opel Astra and Chevrolet Cruze and their derivatives. The development center at the Opel plant in Rüsselsheim, Germany, leads the development of this platform. This second generation hatchback Buick Excelle XT, making its debut in 2009, is actually a replica of the Opel Astra hatchback adapted to Chinese conditions. The corresponding sedan (Excelle GT) made its debut in China in 2010. A version of this sedan for North America is being introduced in 2012 as Buick Verano, and as Opel Astra Limousine in other parts of the world.

Main article: Buick Excelle

Europe[edit]

In Europe, the car was initially sold as the Daewoo Nubira, with the production model being introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2003. However, by the end of 2004, it was rebadged Chevrolet Lacetti throughout the continent. As with its home market, in some European markets, the Lacetti name is also used for the entire range of sedan, station wagon and hatchback models on the same J-series platform. In Finland and Germany, for example, only the hatchback is sold under the Lacetti name.

Chevrolet Nubira Kombi

The European models were initially only available with the following gasoline-powered four-cylinder engines:

  • 1.4 L E-TEC II—93 hp (69 kW) at 6300 rpm
  • 1.6 L Family 1—109 hp (80 kW) at 5800 rpm
    • 1.6L DOHC engine sedan (4-Door) 109 bhp (81 kW) 0–100 km/h: 10.9 sec., top speed: 186 km/h (116 mph) MT 10–12 km/lite in the city. 13–15 km/lite on the highway.
    • 1.6L DOHC engine hatch (5-Door) 109 bhp (81 kW) 0–100 km/h: 10.6 sec., top speed: 184 km/h (114 mph) MT
  • 1.8 L Family II—120 hp (90 kW) at 5800 rpm
    • 8.5–9.5 km/lite in the city. 12–14 km/lite on highway.
  • 2.0 L D-TEC—132 hp (101 kW) at 5800 rpm[citation needed]
    • 8.5–9 km/lite in the city. 12–13.5 km/lite on the highway.
  • 2.0 L DOHC engine sedan (4-Door) 121 bhp (90 kW) 0–100 km/h: 9 sec., top speed: 202 km/h (126 mph) MT[citation needed]

A diesel-powered version was later added to the line-up with these specifications:

  • 2.0 L SOHC turbo diesel engine, under VM Motori licence of RA 420 SOHC (see List of VM Motori engines), 121 bhp (90 kW), 280 Nm torque from 2000 rpm, 0–100 km/h in 9 sec, 200 km/h top speed. This engine is available with 5-speed manual gear box and 5-speed automatic gear box. Consumption was declared between 5 and 7 l/ 100 km.[4]

In Europe, the sedan version was initially sold as the Daewoo Nubira. However, in late 2003, it was announced that Daewoo will be rebranded Chevrolet in some European markets. The Chevrolet Nubira went on sale in early 2004, initially only in Eastern Europe. When Daewoo was rebranded Chevrolet across Europe by the end of 2004, the Chevrolet Nubira was renamed Chevrolet Lacetti in some markets for the 2005 model year, which expanded the Lacetti line-up to include both the sedan and station wagon versions in addition to the 5-door hatchback version, in line with Korea.

The engines built for the Nubira and its badge-engineered twins are the same as in the Lacetti hatchback and its badge-engineered versions. The 1.8L four-cylinder engine is sourced from the Australian car maker Holden and is identical to the engine used in the 2004 Astra. It is commonly known as the "Family 2 unit". All of them are gasoline-powered four-cylinder engines.

India[edit]

Chevrolet Optra Magnum (India)

In 2004, The Lacetti was launched in India and sold as the Optra and the sportsback version was sold as Optra S-RV (formerly known/sold as Chevrolet SRV), which they planned to get out with a 2L diesel engine in the near future.

The Optra was sold with two engine options, 1.6 L and 1.8 L. The 1.6 L petrol version was available in three trim levels, the Elite, the Elite LS, and the high-end LT Royale, while the 1.8 L diesel version was available in two levels, the LT and the LT AT(automatic transmission). The 1.6 L petrol churned out 104 bhp and allowed a top speed of 177 kmph, while the 1.8 L diesel sibling was capable of producing 114 bhp and a limited top speed of 191 kmph. However, the 1.8 L automatic was capable of 176 kmph.

In 2007 GM India came out with a face-lifted diesel-engined Optra called the Optra Magnum. The Magnum sported the family nose, and better interiors as compared to the petrol version, also a new 2 L TCDi engine capable of producing 121 bhp. Subsequently the petrol version got the new nose treatment(like that of the Optra SRV but with a slightly different front grill) and tail lights, and were sold as the Optra Magnum petrol.

The S-RV succumbed to competition from cheaper cars like the Ford Fiesta 1.6 S, Hyundai Verna, Skoda Fabia 1.6 and the Honda City, and was eventually discontinued in 2009. It bore a 1.6 L petrol engine with a maximum power output of 101 bhp.

The Optra sedan was rumoured to be replaced by the Cruze in 2010, but GM continued selling the car, till 2013.

New Zealand[edit]

As with Australia, New Zealand uses the Holden nameplate on most General Motors vehicles that have been rebadged as Holdens in Australia and so too was the Lacetti brought in by Holden New Zealand to New Zealand as the Holden Viva.[5] However, for many decades New Zealand has brought in a constant stream of used vehicles from Japan as "Japan imports" and the Japanese 2004-2005 Lacetti sedan has been one of them. In Japan the Lacetti sedan was badged as the Chevrolet Optra.

Pakistan[edit]

In Pakistan, the car comes in three trim levels, 1.6L SE, 1.6L LS and 1.8L CDX. SE trim comes in manual transmission only, while LS and CDX trim come in 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission.

Japan[edit]

In Japan, Suzuki briefly distributed the Lacetti as the Chevrolet Optra Wagon. It was available in two trim levels, the LS and the LT. Both came with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission with a console shift. The Optra Wagon was powered by a 1.6 L or 1.8 L engine. For model years 2004 and 2005 the Lacetti sedan was also sold in Japan as the Chevrolet Optra LT.

Mexico[edit]

Chevrolet Optra (Mexico)

In Mexico, the Lacetti came to the market in 2006 as Optra to replace the Chevrolet Astra, and it was sold only as a sedan. The Optra was phased out after the 2009 model year in favour of the Chevrolet Cruze, although for now, the Mexican Cruze is an imported model from South Korea. As the United States and Canada got the Lacetti for the 2004 model year, Mexico got the car 2 years later.

Colombia[edit]

In Colombia, under the Chevrolet brand, was launched in 2004 with the sedan version of the following engine:

  • 1.4 L GM Family I engine E-TEC II, 94 hp (69 kW) at 6300 rpm
  • 1.8 L GM Family II engine D-TEC, 121 hp (90 kW) at 5800 rpm
  • Optra 1800 CC 2007 in Colombia, Optra CO

In 2006 it introduced the hatchback version, with the aforementioned 1.8-liter-engine-only option.

By the end of 2007, replaces the 1.4-liter engine with the following:

  • 1.6 L GM Family I engine E-TEC II, 109 hp (80 kW) at 5800 rpm

In addition, updated the design of wheels for all models offered.

In 2008, the saloon version got a facelift, with a sportier interior and a front styling similar to the hatchback version.

Can be worth from $ 43,290,000 to $ 51,990,000 pesos.

Stopped assembled from 2013 in Bogotá GM Plant.

Southeast Asia[edit]

2004 Chevrolet Optra (Malaysia)

In Singapore, Chevrolet replaced the Daewoo nameplate after GM bought Daewoo. It still offers the same line-up than GM Daewoo, naming the Optra sedan, Optra station wagon and Optra5 hatchback in Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines. In Indonesia, the sedan is simply called Optra or Optra Magnum for the facelift model, and Estate for the station wagon. The vehicles use the 1.6 L or 1.8 L engine with an automatic transmission available for selected models.

United States[edit]

Suzuki Forenza
Suzuki Reno

Suzuki marketed a rebadged Lacetti as the Forenza and Reno beginning in the United States in 2004—following the end of Daewoo's North American operations in 2002 and replacing the Daewoo Nubira station wagon and sedan. The Forenza/Reno falls between the Aerio (later SX4) and the now-discontinued Verona. In the territories of Guam and Northern Mariana Islands, it was sold as a Chevrolet Optra, but it was only available as a sedan.

The US model line features the 2.0 L four-cylinder D-TEC made by General Motors, developing a maximum power of 132 horsepower at 5600 rpm.

The Forenza and the Reno were discontinued within the 2008 model year, the Reno being replaced by the Suzuki SX4 sedan after the 2008 model year and the Forenza by the Chevrolet Cruze.

Iraq[edit]

The Chevrolet Optra entered the Iraqi market in 2004 with the 1.6 engine; a few years later the LS term version was used as a traffic police patrol.

Uzbekistan[edit]

In Uzbekistan, it was produced by GM Uzbekistan since 2008, in a plant located in Asaka, being marketed as the Chevrolet Lacetti.[6] In 2013, the partner company Uz-Daewoo Avto began producing the facelifted sedan version as the new Daewoo Gentra. It is marketed throughout the CIS countries.[7]

Russia[edit]

It is sold as the Chevrolet Lacetti and includes 5-door hatchback, sedan and station wagon models. The entire line of models are produced at the Avtotor plant in Kaliningrad with full cycle of manufacturing.

The Russian models are available with the following gasoline-powered four-cylinder engines:

  • 1.4 L—95 hp; MT; not available for Station Wagon
  • 1.6 L—110 hp; AT(4) and MT; for Station Wagon MT only
  • 1.8 L—122 hp; AT(4) and MT; for Station Wagon MT only

Second generation (2009–present)[edit]

Main article: Chevrolet Cruze

The second-generation, known as the Lacetti Premiere in South Korea, built on the GM Delta II platform is sold in most markets as the Chevrolet Cruze.

For the Chinese successor of the Lacetti based Buick Excelle, see Buick Excelle XT and Buick Excelle GT, which are twins of Opel Astra hatchback and sedan respectively.

Chinese versions also included the new SAIC-GM-Wuling joint venture called Baojun 630 manufactured in Liuzhou, Guangxi Zhuang, China.[8] It was launched at the 2011 Shanghai Auto Show,[9] and went on sale in August 2011.[10]

Motorsport[edit]

The car has been used in the FIA's World Touring Car Championship from 2005 until 2012, and in the British Touring Car Championship from 2008 until 2011.

Media[edit]

The Chevrolet Lacetti was picked as the new "reasonably-priced car" in Top Gear's "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car"[11] segment for season 8 in 2006, replacing the Suzuki Liana, which had ceased production. In this segment of the show, celebrity guests set timed laps of the Top Gear test track driving the Lacetti.

In the first episode of series 15 of Top Gear, broadcast on BBC2 on 27 June 2010, the Lacetti that was used for the power laps was given a 'Viking Burial' by presenter Richard Hammond when an industrial chimney was demolished, knocking it over and burying the Lacetti in the process. Soon afterwards, the new reasonably priced car (a Kia Cee'd) was unveiled to the audience.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daewoo Lacetti 1.6 SX". Autocar. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "New Car Comparison". drive.com.au. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  3. ^ a b "Chevrolet » Used Vehicle Review: Chevrolet Optra, 2004–2007". CanadianDriver. 2008-08-21. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  4. ^ "2010 CHEVROLET LACETTI 2.0 D CDX Hatchback specs, photo & performance data (up to late-year 2010 for Europe )". Automobile-Catalog. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  5. ^ http://www.autotrader.co.nz/used-cars-for-sale/holden-viva
  6. ^ "Описание - Lacetti". ЗАО "ДжиЭм Узбекистан". Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Uz-Daewoo Gentra – комплектации" [Uz-Daewoo Gentra – configuration] (in Russian). Za Rulem. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Giving Birth: GM Launches Chinese Baojun Brand, Unveils 630 Sedan". Motor Trend. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Baojun 630 Sedan to Make Its Global Motor Show Debut at Auto Shanghai 2011". General Motors. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "GM Launches New Baojun Auto Brand in China". Motor Trend. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car". bbc.co.uk. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 

External links[edit]