|Also called||Geo Prizm (1990–1997)
Chevrolet Prizm (1998–2002)
|Platform||GM S platform (Toyota E90, E100, E110 platforms)|
The Geo/Chevrolet Prizm (Chevrolet Prizm starting 1998) was a compact car derived from the Japanese domestic market Toyota Sprinter and jointly developed by Toyota and General Motors. Produced from 1989 to 2002, the Prizm was sold exclusively in the United States and succeeded the 1985–1988 Chevrolet Nova, which was also derived from the Sprinter.
First generation 
|Also called||Geo Prizm
Toyota Corolla Seca
|Body style||4-door sedan
|Engine||1.6 L 4A-FE I4
1.6 L 4A-GE I4, 105 hp (78 kW)
1.6 L 4A-GE I4, 130 hp (97 kW)
|Wheelbase||95.7 in (2,431 mm)|
|Length||170.7 in (4,336 mm)|
|Width||65.2 in (1,656 mm)|
|Height||52.4 in (1,331 mm)|
The Prizm was introduced in 1989 for GM's then-new Geo brand of import cars. The hatchback version sold through 1991 was a rebadged version of the Toyota Sprinter Cielo. The sporty GSi model of 1990–1992 was notable for its 130 horsepower (97 kW) twin-cam engine, sport suspension, disc brakes, and 14-inch (360 mm) wheels, a successor to the 1988 Nova Twin Cam but less of a limited edition, available in both body styles and a full array of colors in contrast to the earlier model's black sedan only. In 1991, the lettering the car was changed from "Prizm" to "PRIZM" in italicized and capital letters (although the steering wheel continued to use "Prizm"), and the B-pillar and door frames on base models were now body-colored instead of black. The Prizm was not sold In Canada, with GM offering the Geo Metro sedan instead. However, the Geo Metro sedan was first sold in the United States in 1995.
Second generation 
|Also called||Geo Prizm|
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
|Engine||1.6 L 4A-FE I4, 105 hp (78 kW)
1.8 L 7A-FE I4, 105–115 hp
|Wheelbase||97.0 in (2,464 mm)|
|Length||173.0 in (4,394 mm)|
|Width||66.3 in (1,684 mm)|
|Height||53.3 in (1,354 mm)|
|Related||Toyota Corolla (E100)
The Prizm's 1993 redesign gave it more room (resulting in an upgrade to United States Environmental Protection Agency "compact" car status), a driver airbag, and a new 1.8-liter 4-cylinder engine optional on LSi trim. With the larger engine came a rear stabilizer bar, wider tires, and an optional automatic transmission with four speeds instead of three. A second airbag became standard in 1994; leather seats were an option on the LSi between 1994–1997. In contrast with the Sprinter, this generation Prizm lacked a front stabilizer bar in its suspension.
Third generation 
|Also called||Chevrolet Prizm|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Engine||1.8 L 1ZZ-FE I4, 120–125 hp|
|Wheelbase||97.1 in (2,466 mm)|
|Length||174.2 in (4,425 mm)|
|Width||66.7 in (1,694 mm)|
|Height||53.7 in (1,364 mm)|
The Prizm's 1998 redesign coincided with the conversion of all Geos into Chevrolets. The most notable change was the new 1.8-liter engine, which was now all-aluminum, driven by a timing chain (instead of a belt), and featured more power (yet the same fuel economy) than the engines from the Geo years. The new all-aluminum 1ZZ-FE engine powered all Corollas, Sprinters, and Prizms, making this generation lighter than its predecessor. This new engine incorporated laser etched valve guides directly in the block, rather than the old shrink to fit valve guides in the predecessor Corolla motor (4A-FE & 7A-FE). This prevented oil burning and valve guide failure in the future. The Prizm with the Corolla became the first cars in the compact class to offer optional side airbags. 1998 Prizms without the LSi's optional "Handling Package" (containing a front stabilizer bar) were singled out by Consumer Reports for having sloppy emergency handling; Toyota addressed the problem for 1999 by making the Handling Package standard. For 2000, the engine gained variable valve timing for five extra horsepower (to 125). The last Prizm was built on December 13, 2001, resulting in a brief 2002 model year.
Due to decreased sales, low popularity, and being in competition with the also compact Chevrolet Cavalier and GM's more direct competitor to the Corolla the Saturn S-series, the Prizm was replaced by the Pontiac Vibe starting in 2003. The Vibe was also made in tandem with a Toyota model, the Toyota Matrix, at the NUMMI plant.
In any generation, the Prizm's distinctions over its Toyota twin mostly came down to minor cosmetic differences, a GM Delco radio (except on first-generation cars), and the non-availability of a wagon (and the availability of a hatchback early on). The third generation Prizm also featured a Delphi air conditioning system instead of the Corolla's Denso air conditioning system.
All Prizms were powered by the same engine as the then present Toyota Sprinter models.
- 1990–1992 Geo Prizms were powered by the 4A-FE or optional 4A-GE engine.
- 1993–1997 Geo Prizms were powered by the 4A-FE or optional 7A-FE engine.
- 1998–2002 Chevy Prizms were equipped with Toyota's 1.8 L 1ZZ-FE I4 engine; 2000–2002 models included VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with Intelligence) technology.
|Geo, a division of General Motors, automobile timeline, 1989–1997|
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