Holden Commodore (VF)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chevrolet SS (2013))
Jump to: navigation, search
For a complete overview of all Commodore models, see Holden Commodore.
Holden Commodore (VF)
Holden VF Commodore SSV V8 Supercar Test 2013.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Holden (General Motors)
Also called Holden Calais
Holden Ute
Chevrolet SS (United States)
Production 2013-present
Model years 2014-present (Chevrolet)
Assembly Australia: Elizabeth, South Australia
Designer Justin Thompson (2008)
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Body style 2-door coupé utility
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Platform GM Zeta
Related Buick Park Avenue (China)
Chevrolet Camaro
Chevrolet Caprice
Holden Caprice (WN)
Powertrain
Engine 3.0 L SIDI V6
3.6 L SIDI V6
6.0 L Generation 4 Alloy V8
6.2 L LS3 V8 (Chevrolet SS)
Transmission 6-speed GM 6L45-E automatic
6-speed GM 6L80-E automatic
6-speed Aisin AY6 manual
6-speed Tremec TR-6060 manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 2,915 mm (114.8 in) (sedan & wagon)
  • 3,009 mm (118.5 in) (ute)
Length
  • 4,947–4,966 mm (194.8–195.5 in) (sedan)
  • 4,919–4,939 mm (193.7–194.4 in) (wagon)
  • 5,062–5,083 mm (199.3–200.1 in) (ute)
Width
  • 1,898 mm (74.7 in)
Height
  • 1,471 mm (57.9 in) (sedan)
  • 1,474 mm (58.0 in) (wagon)
  • 1,494 mm (58.8 in) (ute)
Curb weight
  • 1,622–1,780 kg (3,576–3,924 lb) (sedan)
  • 1,717–1,866 kg (3,785–4,114 lb) (wagon)
  • 1,656–1,733 kg (3,651–3,821 lb) (ute)
Chronology
Predecessor Holden Commodore (VE)
Pontiac G8 (North America)

The Holden Commodore, Calais and Ute (VF) are a range of full-size cars produced since 2013 by Australian automaker GM Holden Ltd. It will be the fifteenth Commodore series since the model line was introduced in 1978 and the second series of the fourth generation, succeeding the VE Commodore.

The VF Commodore went on sale in June 2013,[1] with the wagon and utility body variants going on sale at the same time as the sedan.[2] The VF is badge engineered as the Chevrolet SS in the United States.

GM has announced that it will discontinue Australian production of the VF Commodore and all other Australian production in 2017.[3]

Development[edit]

The VF Commodore is built on an altered version of the Holden designed GM Zeta platform, which was first used in the VE Commodore. The VF is an evolution of the VE, with several visual changes. The VF features new styling at the front and rear, with a more modern, sculpted appearance replacing the simplicity of the VE's design. Changes include altered headlights and tail lamps, alterations to the plastic of the intake and grille and the use of a lip-spoiler instead of a rear wing on the performance models.[4] The bodyshell, windows, doors, mirrors and roof were all carried over from the VE and the wagon and utility variants use the same tail lamps as the VE models.[5] The wheelbase and track also remain unchanged.[6]

The interior has also undergone major changes, with switches such as the boot lid release being relocated from the glove box to the doors and the fitting of an electronic handbrake.[6] All models are fitted with an eight-inch touch screen in the centre console, with keyless entry and auto-park assist also being standard across all models. Other features include a head-up display on the windscreen, forward and rear collision warning systems, blind spot monitors and a lane departure warning system, however these are not standard on all models.[7] The VF uses an electric power steering system, rather than the hydraulic system used on previous Commodores, which is slightly more fuel-economical at the cost of steering feel.[8]

The majority of the testing for the VF was completed in Australia but it was also driven in Germany,[9] the Middle East, North America and Sweden.[5] Show-car versions of the SS V and the Calais V were unveiled to the public on 10 February 2013, with the first pre-production models completed in April 2013.[10]

Safety[edit]

Like its predecessor, the VF achieved five stars in the ANCAP safety ratings. On top of the ratings tests, the VF was found to have good whiplash protection for occupants, though pedestrian protection was classified as marginal, with the car scoring just 15.41 out of a possible 36 points in this area.[11]

ANCAP Test Results
Star rating: Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg
Test[N 1] Points Out of  %
Frontal offset: 14.06 16 88%
Side impact: 16.00 16 100%
Pole: 2.00 2 100%
Seat belt reminder: 3.00 3 100%
Overall: 35.06 37 95%

In May 2014, Holden recalled nearly 42,000 VF and WN Caprice models after a potential problem with the front seatbelts was identified. It was found that the pretensioner wiring harness for the seatbelts could make contact with part of the buckle assembly, leading to premature wearing of the wiring harness which could disable the pretensioner system in the event of an accident.[12][13] The VF was recalled again a month later, when it was found that the drive gear for the windscreen wiper motor could fail.[14] LPG models were recalled in July after it was identified that the feed hose could develop a slow leak at the end of the vehicle's lifetime, creating a low risk of fire.[15]

Powertrains[edit]

The VF uses the same engines as the VE, with minor alterations to improve performance and fuel efficiency,[16] while the automatic gearbox was redesigned to give more appropriate gear selections.[8] Fuel economy has also been improved by the use of aluminium body panels and components, leading to the VF being 43 kilograms (95 lb) lighter than the VE, and the electric power steering system. The new styling has also improved the aerodynamic efficiency, with the coefficient of drag dropping from 0.33 to 0.30.[17] As a result, fuel consumption has dropped by between three and eight percent depending on the engine and specification level.[18]

Eng. disp.; configuration Engine Power[N 2] Torque Transmission Fuel type Fuel consumption (sedan)[N 3] Production
3.0 L (2,997 cc); V6 SIDI (LF1) 185 kW (248 hp) 290 N·m (210 lb·ft) 6-speed GM 6L45-E automatic Petrol/E85 8.3 L/100 km (28.3 mpg-US) 2013–2014
3.6 L (3,564 cc); V6 SIDI (LFX) 210 kW (280 hp) 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) 6-speed Aisin AY6 manual 9.0 L/100 km (26.1 mpg-US) 2013–2014
6-speed GM 6L45-E automatic 2013–2014
LPG (LWR) 180 kW (240 hp) 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) LPG 11.5 L/100 km (20.5 mpg-US) 2013–2014
6.0 L (5,967 cc); V8 Generation 4 Alloy (L77) 270 kW (360 hp) 530 N·m (390 lb·ft) 6-speed Tremec TR-6060 manual Petrol/E85 11.5 L/100 km (20.5 mpg-US) 2013–2014
Generation 4 Alloy (AFM) (L77) 260 kW (350 hp) 517 N·m (381 lb·ft) 6-speed GM 6L80-E automatic 2013–2014
Sources:[19][20][21][22][23][24]

Specification levels[edit]

The number of specification levels was reduced compared to the VE, with the Berlina and Omega nameplates dropped in favour of the Evoke. Prices are A$5000 to $10,000 less than the previous VE models, with the sedan ranging from $34,990 for the base-model Evoke to $53,690 for the SS V Redline automatic. Utility variants cost less than the corresponding sedan, while the wagon variants are more expensive.[25]

Commodore Evoke

The new Evoke nameplate replaces both the Omega and the Holden Berlina as the entry-level Commodore. The Evoke features the same 3.0 L SIDI V6 engine as the VE Commodore Omega, with the 3.6 L LPG-powered V6 also an option, and is only available with an automatic transmission. The central console display will increase in size from 6.5-inches to 8-inches (16-20 centimeters), featuring a single-CD player, compatibility with MP3 and iPod and mobile phone integration. The audio, navigation and mobile phone controls all feature voice recognition technology. Safety features include six airbags, traction control and ABS. The Evoke comes with 16-inch alloy wheels.[26]

Commodore SV6

The SV6 utilises the larger 3.6 L SIDI V6 engine and is available with both a manual and automatic transmission. The SV6 is also available with the 3.6 L LPG V6.[19] The SV6 features a sportier body kit than the Evoke, with LED running lights, a lip spoiler and 18-inch alloy wheels. The interior fittings are much the same as the Evoke with the exception of sports seats.[26]

Commodore SS
SS Sportwagon

The SS has the same cosmetic features as the SV6, but is equipped with the 6.0 L Generation 4 Alloy V8 engine. The cosmetically changed SS V series will continue, featuring larger 19-inch wheels and front foglights. Inside, the SS V gains leather seats, an enhanced instrument display and satellite navigation system and a DVD player. The SS V Redline provides sporting features over those of the SS V, with improved brake and suspension packages, extra collision sensors, launch control (manual) and a sunroof.[26]

Calais

The Calais and Calais V are both available with the 3.6 L V6 engine used in the SV6, though the 6.0 L V8 is also used in the Calais V. Both models are only available with an automatic transmission. The Calais features premium styling with chrome highlights both inside and out, with leather seats and 18-inch wheels. The Calais V uses the same satellite navigation system as the SS V and also features a sunroof, heated front seats, DVD player and 19-inch wheels as standard.[26]

Limited editions[edit]

There have been four limited edition models produced, available on a range of specification levels:

  • Commodore International: based on the Evoke and available in sedan and Sportwagon form, the International celebrated the 35th anniversary of the Commodore model line. The International featured 18-inch wheels, minor alterations to the exterior and interior styling and extra safety features.[27]
  • Commodore Storm: available on the SV6 and SS sedan and Sportwagon variants, the Storm features a unique wheel design and Storm badging on both the exterior and interior.[28]
  • Commodore Collingwood Edition: available on any Heron White SV6, SS or SS V sedan, the Collingwood Edition features unique 20-inch wheels and extra badging and decals representing the Collingwood Football Club. It has been dubbed the "Collingwoodore".[29]
  • Commodore SS-V Craig Lowndes Edition: built to celebrate Craig Lowndes' 20th anniversary of first competing in a Holden in Australia's V8 Supercars series, the Craig Lowndes edition is based on the SS-V Redline, with the following upgrades; Brembo Front and Rear brakes (front only on standard Redline), 20-inch staggered wheels, black roof, spoiler, guard vents, bonnet and door stripes, red engine cover and features an embroidered Craig Lowndes signature on the dash pad. The cars are individually numbered 1 to 161 (161 reflecting the number of laps in the Bathurst 1000; vehicle No.1 being owned by Craig) and are available in Heron White and Red Hot only.[30]

HSV Gen-F[edit]

Holden's performance vehicle partner, Holden Special Vehicles (HSV), produces modified versions of the VF Commodore.

ClubSport[edit]

The ClubSport is the entry-level sedan in the HSV range. It is powered by a 6.2 L LS3 V8 engine, with power and torque figures of 317 kW (425 hp) and 550 N·m (410 lb·ft). The ClubSport R8 has more power, with 325 kW (436 hp), and small visual changes compared to the standard ClubSport. The ClubSport R8 Tourer is a station wagon version of the ClubSport R8. All ClubSport models feature a six-speed manual transmission as standard, with an optional six-speed automatic, and 20-inch wheels. Safety features are derived from the standard Commodore variants. The ClubSport R8 SV features an extra 15 kW (20 hp) of power and 20 N·m (15 lb·ft) of torque with special SV badges.[31]

GTS[edit]

The GTS features the 6.2 L LSA supercharged V8, with power and torque figures of 430 kW (580 hp) and 740 N·m (550 lb·ft). At the time of its release, the GTS was the most powerful car ever produced in Australia.[32] Like the ClubSport, the GTS is available with both a six-speed manual and a six-speed automatic transmission. The GTS has larger brakes and a larger rear spoiler than the ClubSport.[31]

Maloo[edit]

The Maloo is a utility version of the ClubSport, with R8 and R8 SV models also available.[31]

Senator Signature[edit]

The Senator Signature has a more conservative exterior design than the ClubSport and GTS, as well as extra luxury features on the interior. It features the SV engine option, with power and torque figures of 340 kW (460 hp) and 570 N·m (420 lb·ft). Like the ClubSport, the Senator Signature is available with both a six-speed manual and a six-speed automatic transmission.[31]

Market[edit]

The VF Commodore was launched during a downwards trend in large car sales in Australia. Despite this, 2,827 cars were sold in the first month after its launch, a 17.8 percent increase over the corresponding month in 2012.[33] Sales continued to be strong for the rest of 2013, with sales in the second half of the year up by 19 percent compared to the same period in 2012.[34]

Sales in Australia
Sedan and Sportwagon
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Total
2013 N/A 2,827 2,809 2,869 3,315 3,097 2,548 17,465 33,820
2014 2,364 2,777 2,967 2,443 2,648 3,156 16,355
Sources:[35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46]
Ute
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Total
2013 N/A 590 585 508 615 655 504 3,457 6,592
2014 436 458 543 500 496 702 3,135
Sources:[35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46]

United States[edit]

2014 Chevrolet SS

The VF Commodore is sold in the United States as a performance vehicle under the name of Chevrolet SS. It is sized between the Malibu and the Impala in the Chevrolet lineup and also fills the void left behind by the Pontiac G8 after the Pontiac brand was discontinued in 2010. It went on sale as a 2014 model year vehicle in late 2013, designed and manufactured by GM Holden in Australia.[47] It is Chevrolet's first rear-wheel drive V8 sedan available to the general public in seventeen years since the fourth-generation Chevrolet Caprice and the seventh-generation Impala SS. The vehicle was unveiled during Speed Week in Daytona Beach, Florida, in February 2013.[48]

The Chevrolet SS utilises the 6.2 L V8 engine from the Corvette, with power and torque figures of 310 kW (420 hp) and 563 newton metres (415 lb·ft).[49] The only available transmission, a six-speed automatic, can be shifted manually using paddle shifters on the steering wheel.[50]

The Chevrolet SS has an MSRP of US$44,470. There is a single, fully equipped specification level, with two optional extras; a sunroof and a full-size spare tire. The SS comes with Chevrolet's MyLink system (including Bluetooth, Sirius XM Radio, HD Radio and Pandora Radio features) and, like the VF Commodore, has auto-park assist, a blind-spot monitoring system, a lane departure warning system and electronic power steering. The SS is fitted with 19-inch wheels.[49] On 7 June 2013 Holden began touting the VF Commodore and its ties to the Chevrolet SS in a series of new television commercials which were released on-line.[51]

On 6 September 2013, Chevrolet announced that the number of Chevrolet SS vehicles are limited to selected Chevrolet dealerships based on their sales of the Corvette C7 and the SS's brother, the Camaro, claiming that the allocation might have more to do with production rather than supply and demand. Chevrolet projected about 2,000 to 3,000 vehicles a year instead of the much speculated 15,000 to 20,000 cited in the media.[52]

On 20 February 2013 GM announced that the Chevrolet SS would not be sold in Canada, despite having been previewed there days before the February 2013 Canadian International Auto Show in Toronto.[53]

On 26 April 2014, reports began surfacing that Chevrolet is planning to add manual transmission and magnetic ride suspension to the SS for the 2015 model year, whose updated look will make its debut at the Woodward Dream Cruise in August 2014.[54]

On 30 July 2014, Chevrolet announced that the SS would become the first vehicle in the brand's lineup to feature an automatic parking assist.[55]

SS Sales in the United States
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Total
2013 N/A 1 178 239 418 2,080
2014 232 283 350 283 297 217 1,662
Source:[56]

Motorsport[edit]

Holden VF Commodore V8 Supercar.
Chevrolet SS NASCAR Sprint Cup Series car.

V8 Supercars[edit]

The VF Commodore is currently used by teams running Holdens in the International V8 Supercars Championship. The V8 Supercar version of the VF was designed by Ludo Lacroix in conjunction with Holden and the Holden Racing Team.[57] It was first shown by Garry Rogers Motorsport on 11 February 2013.[58] The VF was the first Holden model built to 'Next Generation V8 Supercar' regulations, a formula designed to decrease the cost of building and repairing cars.[59] The V8 Supercar version features a 5.0 L V8 engine, 18-inch control wheels, a specially designed aerodynamics kit, a polycarbonate windscreen as well as many category control parts.[60] It was the first Holden V8 Supercar to feature an end-mounted rear wing since the VP Commodore in the 1990s.[57] Only certain body panels are common between the road car and the V8 Supercar, as well as the headlights and tail lamps, with the rest of the components being custom made by each team.[61]

The VF had a successful debut at the 2013 Clipsal 500, with Craig Lowndes and Shane Van Gisbergen taking their cars to victory in the two races. Van Gisbergen also claimed both pole positions.[62] The VF Commodore won twenty-eight of the thirty-six races in 2013, with Triple Eight Race Engineering, Tekno Autosports, Brad Jones Racing, Garry Rogers Motorsport and the Holden Racing Team all taking wins in the new Commodore. Holden secured the 2013 Manufacturers' Championship with fourteen races remaining in the season.[63] Jamie Whincup won the championship in his Commodore, ahead of Triple Eight Race Engineering teammate Lowndes.[64]

NASCAR[edit]

A Chevrolet SS-branded car competes in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, having made its debut during the Sprint Unlimited non-championship race in 2013.[65] Kevin Harvick won the Sprint Unlimited in the car's first outing. It is one of the new Generation 6 vehicles, replacing the Car of Tomorrow. Jimmie Johnson gave the SS a winning debut at the 2013 Daytona 500 after Danica Patrick took pole in her SS.[66] Like its Commodore counterpart in V8 Supercars, the SS won the NASCAR Sprint Cup manufacturers' championship with three rounds remaining.[67] Johnson went on to win the title in his SS.[68]

Advertising[edit]

As part of the VF Commodore launch in Australia, two television commercials were produced. The 'Turns Heads. Changes Minds.' commercial demonstrated the vehicle's available head-up display and Automatic Parking Assist feature. The 'Think now. Think Tomorrow. Think Holden.' commercial features an Australian patriotism theme.[51]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ For an outline of ANCAP tests, visit the ANCAP website.
  2. ^ Power figures are measured in accordance with the ECE standard.
  3. ^ Fuel consumption figures are measured in accordance with the ADR 81/02 standard. Fuel economy figures may differ between body styles and specification levels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Finally, the new 'world class' Holden VF Commodore has landed in Australia". news.com.au. 10 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (22 February 2013). "Holden shows wagon and ute versions of new Commodore". AutoBlog. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Griffiths, Emma (11 December 2013). "Holden to cease its manufacturing operations in Australia by 2017". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "2013 Holden VF Commodore SS Revealed". The Motor Report. 15 February 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "2013 Holden VF Commodore Sportwagon And Ute Revealed". The Motor Report. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Blackburn, Richard; Hagon, Toby (16 February 2013). "New VF Commodore in detail". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Blackburn, Richard (10 February 2013). "Holden VF Commodore: High-tech pitch". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b DeGasperi, Daniel (5 March 2013). "Holden VF Commodore to get overhauled autos, quicker steering". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  9. ^ DeGasperi, Daniel (19 April 2013). "Holden VF Commodore Ute caught at the Nurburgring!". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Pettendy, Marton (17 April 2013). "Holden VF Commodore Evoke from under $35K". Motoring.com.au. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "ANCAP Safety Rating - Holden Commodore VF". Australian New Car Assessment Program. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Dowling, Joshua (26 May 2014). "Holden recalls 42,000 Commodores for possible seatbelt fault". news.com.au. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "GM Holden Ltd—Holden VF Commodore & WN Caprice". Product Safety Recalls Australia. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "GM Holden Ltd—VE/VF Commodore & WM/WN Caprice". Product Safety Recalls Australia. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "GM Holden Ltd—VF Commodore, WN Caprice - LPG". Product Safety Recalls Australia. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  16. ^ Campbell, Matt (25 March 2013). "Spotted: Holden's racey VF Commodore SS-V". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  17. ^ Hagon, Toby (10 February 2013). "Holden VF Commodore: Under the bonnet". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  18. ^ Beissmann, Tim (29 May 2013). "Holden VF Commodore: engines and fuel consumption". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  19. ^ a b MacLean, Andrew (30 May 2013). "First drive review: Holden VF Commodore SV6 Sportwagon LPG". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  20. ^ McKay, Peter (30 May 2013). "First drive review: Holden VF Commodore Evoke". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Hall, Sam (30 May 2013). "First drive review: Holden VF Calais V V6". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  22. ^ Hagon, Toby (30 May 2013). "First drive review: Holden Commodore SS". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  23. ^ Blackburn, Richard (30 May 2013). "First drive review: Holden VF Calais V V8". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  24. ^ Dowling, Joshua (30 May 2013). "Holden VF Commodore the run down". CarsGuide.com.au. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "New Holden VF Commodore Range To Benefit From Big Price Cuts". The Motor Report. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  26. ^ a b c d Pettendy, Marton (10 May 2013). "Holden VF Commodore: Model by model". CarSales.com.au. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  27. ^ Beissmann, Tim (4 October 2013). "Holden Commodore International special edition celebrates 35 years". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  28. ^ "Commodore SS Storm: Highlights". Holden. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  29. ^ Lawson, Tegan (15 April 2014). "Collingwood Edition Holden Commodore released". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  30. ^ McCowen, David (9 October 2014). "Full Details: Craig Lowndes SS-V Commodore". drive.com.au. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  31. ^ a b c d Beissmann, Tim (15 May 2013). "HSV Gen-F: model-by-model guide". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "HSV Commodore super sedan is Holden's fastest ever". AdelaideNow.com.au. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  33. ^ O'Brien, Tim (6 August 2013). "VFACTS July: Car Sales Up, VF Commodore Bolting; FBT? What FBT?". The Motor Report. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  34. ^ Beissmann, Tim (6 January 2014). "Large car sales 2013: Holden Commodore, Ford Falcon fall to record lows". CarAdvice. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  35. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (5 August 2013). "New Car Sales Figures July 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  36. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (4 September 2013). "New Car Sales Figures August 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  37. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (8 October 2013). "New Car Sales Figures September 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  38. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (11 November 2013). "New Car Sales Figures October 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  39. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (9 December 2013). "New Car Sales Figures November 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  40. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (6 January 2014). "New Car Sales Figures December 2013". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  41. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (5 February 2014). "New Car Sales Figures January 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  42. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (12 March 2014). "New Car Sales Figures February 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  43. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (16 April 2014). "New Car Sales Figures March 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  44. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (5 May 2014). "New Car Sales Figures April 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  45. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (8 June 2014). "New Car Sales Figures May 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  46. ^ a b Fallah, Alborz (4 July 2014). "New Car Sales Figures June 2014". CarAdvice.com.au. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  47. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (16 February 2013). "This is your 2014 Chevrolet SS". AutoBlog. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  48. ^ Weaver, Matt (16 February 2013). "Chevrolet unveils 2014 production Chevrolet SS as official Daytona 500 pace car". SB Nation. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  49. ^ a b Ross, Jeffrey (4 June 2013). "2014 Chevrolet SS Priced From $44,470*". AutoBlog. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  50. ^ Lienert, Anita (15 February 2013). "2014 Chevrolet SS Brings Rear-Wheel-Drive V8 Splendor to Daytona". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  51. ^ a b Ross, Jeffrey (7 June 2013). "First Holden VF Commodore ad plays up ties to Chevy SS". Autoblog. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  52. ^ Ross, Jeffrey (6 September 2013). "Chevy to limit SS sport sedan dealer allocations". Autoblog. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  53. ^ Bettencourt, Michael (20 February 2013). "Hot V-8 Chevrolet SS sedan not coming to Canada". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  54. ^ Ewing, Steven J. (26 April 2014). "2015 Chevrolet SS getting manual transmission, Magnetic Ride suspension". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  55. ^ Automatic Parking Assist: 2014 Chevrolet SS. YouTube. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  56. ^ Cain, Timothy (1 November 2013). "Chevrolet SS Sales Figures". GoodCarBadCar.net. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  57. ^ a b "Holden changes direction for VF V8 Supercar styling". SpeedCafe. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  58. ^ "BJR and GRM release first pics of new VF Commodore". SpeedCafe. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  59. ^ "The New Generation of V8 Supercars". V8Supercars.com.au. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  60. ^ "Technical Details of a V8 Supercar". V8Supercars.com.au. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  61. ^ "Division "C" – Technical Rules" (pdf). Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  62. ^ "Van Gisbergen Wins Clipsal 500". V8Supercars.com.au. 3 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  63. ^ "Rookies Show the Field How it's Done". V8Supercars.com.au. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. It was the second win of the weekend for Holden who have already sealed the 2013 Manufacturer’s Championship ahead of Ford, Nissan and Erebus with their three Mercedes-Benz AMG E63s. 
  64. ^ Bartholomaeus, Stefan (8 December 2013). "Whincup secures title as Van Gisbergen wins". SpeedCafe. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  65. ^ Cain, Holly (29 November 2012). "Chevrolet unveils 2013 Sprint Cup Series car". NASCAR. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  66. ^ "Chevrolet SS Wins in its NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Debut". General Motors News. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  67. ^ "Chevrolet captures NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Manufacturers’ Cup Championship". Autoweek. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  68. ^ "Johnson wins his sixth NASCAR title". SpeedCafe. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 

External links[edit]