Hundred of Chew

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Chew Hundred
Map of Chew Hundred in 1769
Area
 - 1870 15,182 acres (6,144 ha)
Population
 - 1870 6,200
History
 - Created unknown
 - Abolished 19th century
Status Hundred
Subdivisions
 - Type Parishes

The Hundred of Chew is one of the 40 historical Hundreds in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England,[1] dating from before the Norman conquest during the Anglo-Saxon era although exact dates are unknown. Each hundred had a 'fyrd', which acted as the local defence force and a court which was responsible for the maintenance of the frankpledge system.[2] They also formed a unit for the collection of taxes.[3] The role of the hundred court was described in the Dooms (laws) of King Edgar. The name of the hundred was normally that of its meeting-place.[4]

The Hundred of Chew consisted of the ancient parishes of: Chew Magna, Chew Stoke, Clutton, Dundry, Norton Hawkfield, Norton Malreward, Stowey, and Timsbury.[5] In 1870 it had a population of 6,200 people and covered an area of 15,182 acres (6,144 ha).[6][5]

The importance of the hundred courts declined from the seventeenth century. By the 19th century several different single-purpose subdivisions of counties, such as poor law unions, sanitary districts, and highway districts sprang up, filling the administrative role previously played by parishes and hundreds. Although the Hundreds have never been formally abolished, their functions ended with the establishment of county courts in 1867[7] and the introduction of districts by the Local Government Act 1894.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chew Hundred". Vision of Britain. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Administrative Units Typology | Status definition: Hundred". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  3. ^ "The Shire and the Hundred". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Summary". Institute of Archaeology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Chew Hundred". Parish Mouse. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  7. ^ County Courts Act 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. c. 142) s.28
  8. ^ "Mapping the Hundreds of England and Wales in GIS". University of Cambridge Department of Geography. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2011.