|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2011)|
|• Member of Parliament||Smt. Dimpal Yadav |
|Elevation||152 m (499 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Member of Legislative Assembly from Chhibramau||Shri Arvind Singh Yadav|
|District Magistrate||Govind Raju NS|
Chhibramau is a city with the status of "Nagar Palika Parishad" and a Subdivision of Kannauj district in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city is lying along the National Highway No. 91 on Delhi (Dadri) – Kanpur route. The nearest airport is at Lucknow (148 km) and Gursahaiganj Railway Station is the nearest railway station.
Chhibramau is located at  It has an average elevation of 152 metres (499 ft). Shallow lakes (jhils) are commonly visible in Chhibramau tehsil, although many of these have disappeared due to rapid urbanization of small towns..
By the time of Akbar this city was the headquarters of a pargana. Early in the eighteenth century, Nawab Muhammad Khan of Farrukhabad founded a new quarter called Muhammadganj, with a fine sarai which was improved 100 years later by a British Collector. The town was administered under Act XX of 1856 during the British Raj, and prospered from its location on the grand trunk road. At present the great grand trunk road's stretch between Kanpur – Kannauj – Etah – Delhi is called National Highway No. 91 (NH-91). Until 1997 Chhibramau was in Farrukhabad district, but since that district was divided the town has been within the new Kannauj district.
The "Chhibramau Disaster" and Hodson's Adventure
At the time of the 1857 uprising, old hostilities between the Raja of Mainpuri and the Nawab of Farrukhabad nearly led to open war, but after a face-off between their forces in Bewar in July, both forces joined hands against British rule. The Raja did not oppose a British armed unit led by Sir James Hope Grant when it marched through the district in October, but in December he heard that Brigadier Seaton was coming with a small force from Etah to join General Walpole at Mainpuri, and advanced to Kuraoli with the intention of barring the road. Seaton, however, easily outmaneuvered the local forces, and the rebels fled in disorder, losing eight guns and about a hundred men. It was after this action that the famous Hodson of Hodson's Horse in 1857-58 carried out one of his most daring exploits. Accompanied by his second-in-command, McDowell, and 75 men, he rode across a countryside swarming with rebels to carry despatches to the Commander-in-Chief, Sir Colin Campbell. He left most of his men at Bewar, but pushed on to Chhibramau with McDowell and 25 native men. There he learnt that Campbell was not at Gursahaiganj as expected, but at Miran ki Sarai, 15 miles further. The two officers rode on alone and reached Campbell's camp in safety, having ridden 55 miles in ten hours without changing horses. On their return the same evening they were warned by a native, to whom Hodson had given alms in the morning, that after their departure a party of 2,000 rebels had entered Chhibramau, killed the twenty-five troopers left there, and were now waiting for Hodson's return. Hodson and his companion nevertheless pressed on and, reaching the village, dismounted and passed quietly through it, unnoticed by the enemy. At Bewar they found a party sent by Seaton, who had heard of the disaster, and next day marched to Chhibramau himself, joining forces there with Brigadier Walpole on 3 January and proceeding with him to Fatehgarh. The civil authorities then reoccupied the district, and regained complete control late in 1858.
As of 2001[update] India census, Chhibramau had a population of 50,279. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhibramau has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 68% and female literacy of 58%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The population has grown from 6,526 in 1901 to an estimated 60,707 in 2007. In 1901, Chhibramau Taluk/Tehsil's total area was approximately 240 Square miles comprising 2 towns 240 villages and a population of 126,705.
Chhibramau has a good number of education institutions for a middle level town. These draw students from the surrounding district, and include:
- Nehru Degree (PG) College, Chhibramau
- City Children's Academy, Chhibramau
- District Institute of Education and Training, Chhibramau
- Hira Lal Vaishya National Inter College, Chhibramau
- Chhibramau Girls Inter College, Chhibramau
- Normal School, Chhibramau
- Rashtriya Vidya Mandir I. C. Akabarpur, Chhibramau
- Jugal Shitla Institute of Technology & Management (JSITM), Chhibramau (www.jsitm.org)
- Jagdishwar Dayal Janta Inter College, Chhibramau
- Subhas Academy, Chhibramau
- Lok Bharti Inter College, Chhibramau
- Choudhari Jamadhar Singh Mahavidhayalaya Degree College, Chhibramau
- Kannauj Degree College, Krishna Nagar, Jafarabad, Chhibramau
- J. B. G. National Inter College, Diluh Nagla Road, Wasti Nagar, Chhibramau
- M. D. Public School, Talgram Road, Chhibramau
- Happy Kids Corner School, Chhibramau
- Happy Public School, Chhibramau
- Vidya Prakash Mahavidyalay, Farrukhabad Road, Chhibramau
Places of interest
Gangeshwar Nath Mandir, a temple to Shiva, is among the oldest temples of Chhibramau.
Kalika Devi Mandir is among the oldest temples of the goddess Kaali.
Phooti Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in the district of Kannauj. It is surrounded by a cluster of trees and has no minarets. It has been renovated several times in the past but as renovations have not been wholly successful it is popularly known as Phooti (broken) Masjid.
Other places of interest
- Bank of Kalinadi River
- Fort of Bishungarh (a village near Chhibramau)
- Parks of Awas Vikas Colony
- Grounds of Naugai (a village in Chhibramau), Shubhash Academy and Normal School
- Government Hospital, Chhibramau
- Swati Hostital, Chhibramau
- Dr J. K.Verma Hospital, Chhibramau
Nearby cities and towns
- Bewar (21.5 nm)[clarification needed]
- Umrain (9 km)
- Rampura (6 km)
- Balrampur (5 km)
- Naviganj (14 km) [importance?]
- Fourteenth Lok Sabha Members' Home Page at the Wayback Machine (archived December 11, 2008)
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chhibramau
- History of Mainpuri, Uttar Pradesh, India.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- The Imperial Gazetter of India, Vol. X, page 203-4, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1908.
- "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2001-03-09.