Chhibramau

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Chhibramau
छिबरामऊ
city
Nickname(s): CBR
Chhibramau is located in Uttar Pradesh
Chhibramau
Chhibramau
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°09′N 79°30′E / 27.15°N 79.50°E / 27.15; 79.50Coordinates: 27°09′N 79°30′E / 27.15°N 79.50°E / 27.15; 79.50
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Kannauj
Government
 • Member of Parliament Smt. Dimpal Yadav [1]
Elevation 152 m (499 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 50,279
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 209721
Member of Legislative Assembly from Chhibramau Shri Arvind Singh Yadav
Chairman Mr.Brijesh Gupta
District Magistrate Govind Raju NS

Chhibramau is a city with the status of "Nagar Palika Parishad" and a Subdivision of Kannauj district in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city is lying along the National Highway No. 91 on Delhi (Dadri) – Kanpur route. The nearest airport is at Lucknow (148 km) and Gursahaiganj Railway Station is the nearest railway station.

Geography[edit]

Chhibramau is located at 27°09′N 79°30′E / 27.150°N 79.500°E / 27.150; 79.500.[2] It has an average elevation of 152 metres (499 ft). Shallow lakes (jhils) are commonly visible in Chhibramau tehsil, although many of these have disappeared due to rapid urbanization of small towns.

History[edit]

By the time of Akbar this city was the headquarters of a pargana. Early in the eighteenth century, Nawab Muhammad Khan of Farrukhabad founded a new quarter called Muhammadganj, with a fine sarai which was improved 100 years later by a British Collector. The town was administered under Act XX of 1856 during the British Raj, and prospered from its location on the grand trunk road. At present the great grand trunk road's stretch between Kanpur – Kannauj – Etah – Delhi is called National Highway No. 91 (NH-91). Until 1997 Chhibramau was in Farrukhabad district, but since that district was divided the town has been within the new Kannauj district.

The "Chhibramau Disaster" and Hodson's Adventure[edit]

At the time of the 1857 uprising, old hostilities between the Raja of Mainpuri and the Nawab of Farrukhabad nearly led to open war, but after a face-off between their forces in Bewar in July, both forces joined hands against British rule. The Raja did not oppose a British armed unit led by Sir James Hope Grant when it marched through the district in October, but in December he heard that Brigadier Seaton was coming with a small force from Etah to join General Walpole at Mainpuri, and advanced to Kuraoli with the intention of barring the road. Seaton, however, easily outmaneuvered the local forces, and the rebels fled in disorder, losing eight guns and about a hundred men. It was after this action that the famous Hodson of Hodson's Horse in 1857-58 carried out one of his most daring exploits. Accompanied by his second-in-command, McDowell, and 75 men, he rode across a countryside swarming with rebels to carry despatches to the Commander-in-Chief, Sir Colin Campbell. He left most of his men at Bewar, but pushed on to Chhibramau with McDowell and 25 native men. There he learnt that Campbell was not at Gursahaiganj as expected, but at Miran ki Sarai, 15 miles further. The two officers rode on alone and reached Campbell's camp in safety, having ridden 55 miles in ten hours without changing horses. On their return the same evening they were warned by a native, to whom Hodson had given alms in the morning, that after their departure a party of 2,000 rebels had entered Chhibramau, killed the twenty-five troopers left there, and were now waiting for Hodson's return. Hodson and his companion nevertheless pressed on and, reaching the village, dismounted and passed quietly through it, unnoticed by the enemy. At Bewar they found a party sent by Seaton, who had heard of the disaster, and next day marched to Chhibramau himself, joining forces there with Brigadier Walpole on 3 January and proceeding with him to Fatehgarh. The civil authorities then reoccupied the district, and regained complete control late in 1858.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Chhibramau had a population of 50,279. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhibramau has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 68% and female literacy of 58%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The population has grown from 6,526 in 1901[5] to an estimated 60,707 in 2007.[6] In 1901, Chhibramau Taluk/Tehsil's total area was approximately 240 Square miles comprising 2 towns 240 villages and a population of 126,705.

Education[edit]

Chhibramau has a good number of education institutions for a middle level town. These draw students from the surrounding district, and include:

  1. Nehru Degree (PG) College, Chhibramau
  2. City Children's Academy, Chhibramau
  3. District Institute of Education and Training, Chhibramau
  4. Hira Lal Vaishya National Inter College, Chhibramau
  5. Chhibramau Girls Inter College, Chhibramau
  6. Normal School, Chhibramau
  7. Rashtriya Vidya Mandir I. C. Akabarpur, Chhibramau
  8. Jugal Shitla Institute of Technology & Management (JSITM), Chhibramau (www.jsitm.org)
  9. Jagdishwar Dayal Janta Inter College, Chhibramau
  10. Subhas Academy, Chhibramau
  11. Lok Bharti Inter College, Chhibramau
  12. Choudhari Jamadhar Singh Mahavidhayalaya Degree College, Chhibramau
  13. Kannauj Degree College, Krishna Nagar, Jafarabad, Chhibramau
  14. J. B. G. National Inter College, Diluh Nagla Road, Wasti Nagar, Chhibramau
  15. M. D. Public School, Talgram Road, Chhibramau
  16. Happy Kids Corner School, Chhibramau
  17. Happy Public School, Chhibramau
  18. Vidya Prakash Mahavidyalay, Farrukhabad Road, Chhibramau
  19. Galaxy Public School,chhibramau
  20. City public school,chhibramau

Places of interest[edit]

Ancient temples[edit]

Gangeshwar Nath Mandir, a temple to Shiva, is among the oldest temples of Chhibramau.

Kalika Devi Mandir is among the oldest temples of the goddess Kaali.

Phooti Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in the district of Kannauj. It is surrounded by a cluster of trees and has no minarets. It has been renovated several times in the past but as renovations have not been wholly successful it is popularly known as Phooti (broken) Masjid.

Gama Devi Mandir is a temple dedicated to the goddess Gama near the peepal wali gali (bylane) and Sabji Mandi (vegetable market) in Chhibramau.

The Hanuman temple in Naugai (a village in Chhibramau) is also considered one of the ancient temples of the town. Many devotees assemble there on the day of Bada Mangal.

Other places of interest[edit]

  1. Bank of Kalinadi River
  2. Fort of Bishungarh (a village near Chhibramau)
  3. Parks of Awas Vikas Colony
  4. Grounds of Naugai (a village in Chhibramau), Shubhash Academy and Normal School

Hospitals[edit]

  1. Government Hospital, Chhibramau
  2. Swati Hostital, Chhibramau
  3. Dr J. K.Verma Hospital, Chhibramau

Nearby cities and towns[edit]

West
North
East
South

References[edit]

External links[edit]