Chhina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chhina
Jat Clan
Location Punjab (Pakistan) and Punjab (India)
Language Punjabi
Religion Islam and Sikhism

Chhina or Chheena is a Jat clan of India and Pakistan.

Traditional origin and history[edit]

Main article: Jat people

According to Horace Rose, the Bahawalpur Chhina genealogy gives them common origin with the Wattu. They claim origin from Chhina, a descendant of Jaypal, the brother of Rajpal, from whom are descended the Wattu.[1] The Muslim Chhina claim that they were converted to Islam by Baba Farid-ud-Din of Pakpattan. This is said to have occurred during the time of Pheru, eighteenth in descent from the eponymous Chhina. They are mentioned as a courageous and hardworking people.[1] Rose also lists an alternate theory of the Chhina being descended from Raja Agarsen Surajbansi.[2] According to the Majha tradition, the Chhina are a Jadubansi clan. The eponym of the clan, Chhina Rao was one of the sixteen sons of Raja Salwan. He held the lands between the Ravi and the Beas.[3] However, Sir Lepel Henry Griffin alludes to Miru, the founder of the Chhina villages in Amritsar district, as a Gill Jat.[4]

Migrations[edit]

Rose mentions that there was a migration of various Jat clans, including the Chhina from Bahawalpur and Multan, in the early 15th century. These clans went up the Indus, gradually occupied the country on the edge of the Mianwali Thal, and then crossed the Indus. The Chhina also held onto large tracts in the Thal.[5] Jamki, near Sialkot, is considered the oldest Chhina settlement in the north of Punjab.[3] It is said to be founded by a Chhina Jat who held the title of Jam.[1] Sir Lepel Henry Griffin dates the founding of the Chhina villages in Amritsar district to around 1600 CE.[6]

Prominent Chhinas[edit]

References[edit]