Chiatura

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Chiatura
ჭიათურა
The town of Chiatura.
The town of Chiatura.
Chiatura  ჭიათურა is located in Georgia (country)
Chiatura  ჭიათურა
Chiatura
ჭიათურა
Location of Chiatura in Georgia
Coordinates: 42°17′52″N 43°17′56″E / 42.29778°N 43.29889°E / 42.29778; 43.29889
Country  Georgia
Mkhare Imereti
Population (2008)
 • Total 19,587
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)

Chiatura (Georgian: ჭიათურა) is a city in the Imereti region of Western Georgia. In 1989, it had a population of about 30,000.

Geography and History[edit]

The city is located inland, in a mountain valley on the banks of the Qvirila River.

In 1879 the Georgian poet Akaki Tsereteli explored the area in search of manganese and iron ores, discovering deposits in the area. After other intense explorations it was discovered that there are several layers of commercially exploitable manganese oxide, peroxide and carbonate with thickness varying between 0.2 m (0.66 ft) and 16 m (52 ft). The state set-up the JSC Chiaturmanganese company to manage and exploit the huge deposit. The gross-balance of workable manganese ores of all commercial categories is estimated as 239 million tonnes, which include manganese oxide ores - 41.6%, carbonate ores - 39%, and peroxide ores - 19%.[1][2][2][3] As a result, the company developed a rail link to transport manganese ore to the ferro-alloy plant in Zestaphoni, which operated today by Georgian Railways is fully electrified. Manganese production rose to 60% of global output by 1905.

In Chiatura are located the Tsereteli State Theater, 10 schools, Faculty of the Georgian Technical University, and the Mgvimevi Cathedral (10th-11th centuries).

Cablecars[edit]

A cablecar station, installed in the 1950s
External images
Chiatura cable cars

Due to the steep sided river valley, production workers spent a large amount of time walking up from the town to the mines, there by reducing productivity. In 1954 an extensive cable car system was installed to transport workers around the valley and up to the mines. Still utilising the same infrastructure installed originally in the 1950s, today some 17 separate aerial lift cable car systems still exist around the town.[4]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Manganese Mines and Deposits of Georgia". IFSD Europe. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b The mineral industry of Georgia, ed. (2007). USGS Minerals Yearbook. National Research Council (U.S.). p. 334. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Manganese Ore Industry". thefreedictionary.com. 1979. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Stalin's cable car: Death-defying 'metal coffins' which miners are still using...despite being riddled with rust | Mail Online

Coordinates: 42°17′N 43°17′E / 42.283°N 43.283°E / 42.283; 43.283