Chicago Housing Authority
|Chicago Housing Authority (CHA)|
|Headquarters||60 E. Van Buren Street.
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Annual budget||$881 million (2012)|
|Agency executive||Michael R. Merchant (2013),
Chief Executive Officer
The Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) is a municipal corporation established by the State of Illinois in 1937 with jurisdiction for the administrative oversight of public housing within the City of Chicago. The agency's mission is guided by a Board of Commissioners appointed by the city's mayor, and has a budget independent from that of the City of Chicago. CHA is the largest rental landlord in Chicago, with more than 50,000 households. CHA owns over 21,000 apartments (9,200 units reserved for seniors and over 11,400 units in family and other housing types). It also oversees the administration of 37,000 Section 8 vouchers. The current CEO of the Chicago Housing Authority is Mr. Micheal R. Merchant.
The Chicago Housing Authority has built a number of public housing projects over the years. The first director of CHA was Elizabeth Wood, from 1937 until 1954. The Lathrop Homes were built in 1939. The Francis Cabrini and William Green Homes was started in 1942, ABLA is a complex of buildings started in 1943, Stateway Gardens was started in 1955, and Robert Taylor Homes was started in 1962. Between 1950 and 1969, the housing authority built 11 high rise projects for public housing, which isolated the extreme poor in "superblocks" that were not easily patrolled by police vehicles. Most of the households were headed by females, and the developments were almost entirely African American. Cabrini–Green, Henry Horner, Harold Ickes were just some of the developments. The Robert Taylor Homes, constructed in 1962, was the largest public housing project in the United States, claiming more than 4,000 units. CHA created the Chicago Housing Authority Police Department (CHAPD) which was formed in 1989 and was dissolved in 1999.
Gautreaux v. Chicago Housing Authority
In 1966, Dorothy Gautreaux and other CHA residents brought a suit against the CHA, in Gautreaux v. Chicago Housing Authority. It was a long-running case that in 1996 resulted in the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) taking over the CHA and the Gautreaux Project in which public housing families were relocated to the suburbs.
|Cabrini-Green||Near-North Side, North Side||1942-62||William Green Homes and Cabrini Extensions (demolished), Francis Cabrini Row-houses (renovated).|
|Julia C. Lathrop Homes||bordered by Bucktown and Roscoe Village, North-West Side||1937-38||awaiting re-development.|
|Robert Taylor Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1961-62||demolished, Replaced with a Mixed-income housing development Legends South.|
|Wentworth Gardens||Bronzeville/Fuller Park, South Side||1945||renovated.|
|Bridgeport Homes||Bridgeport, South-West Side||1959-60||renovated.|
|Ida B. Wells Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1939-41||demolished, Replaced with Oakwood Shores.|
|Stateway Gardens||Bronzeville, South Side||1955-58||demolished, replaced with Mixed-income housing development Park Boulevard.|
|Trumbull Park Homes||South Deering, Far-South Side||1938-39||renovated.|
|Dearborn Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1949-50||renovated.|
|Altgeld Gardens Homes||borderline of Chicago and Riverdale, Illinois, Far-South Side||1945||renovated.|
|Madden Park Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1970||demolished, Replaced with Oakwood Shores.|
|Prairie Courts||South Commons, South Side||1951-52||demolished between 2000-2001.|
|Racine Courts||Washington Heights, South-West Side||1953||redeveloped.|
|Harold Ickes Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1954-55||demolished.|
|Lawndale Gardens||Little Village, South-West Side||1960||renovated.|
|Lowden Homes||Princeton Park, South-West Side||1961-62||renovated.|
|Washington Park Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1962-64||demolished.|
|Henry Horner Homes||West Town, West Side||1957-59||demolished.|
|Clarence Darrow Homes||Bronzeville, South Side||1961||demolished, Replaced with Oakwood Shores.|
|Lake Parc Place/Lake Michigan High-rises||Bronzeville, South Side||1960-63||Lake Michigan High-rises (demolished), Lake Parc Place (renovated).|
|Jane Addams Homes||University Village, West Side||1938-39||demolished, replaced with townhouses and condominiums under the name Roosevelt Square.|
|Rockwell Gardens||East Garfield Park, West Side||1958-59||demolished, replaced with West End development.|
|Robert Brooks Homes/Extensions||University Village, West Side||1943||demolished.|
|Loomis Courts||University Village, West Side||1951||demolished.|
|Harrison Courts||East Garfield Park, West Side||1958||demolished.|
|Grace Abbott Homes||University Village, West Side||1955||demolished.|
|LeClaire Courts||Archer Heights,South-West Side||1958-59||demolished.|
- R. Kelly (Ida B. Wells Homes)
- Mr. T (Robert Taylor Homes)
- Maurice Cheeks (Robert Taylor Homes)
- Curtis Mayfield (Cabrini-Green)
- Eric Monte (Cabrini-Green)
- Jerry Butler (Cabrini-Green)
- Kirby Puckett (Robert Taylor Homes)
- Deval Patrick (Robert Taylor Homes)
- Marvin Smith (Robert Taylor Homes)
- Lou Rawls (Ida B. Wells Homes)
Plan For Transformation/Plan Forward
In 2000, the CHA began its Plan For Transformation, which called for the demolition of all of its gallery high-rise buildings because they failed HUD's viability test and proposed a renovated housing portfolio totaling 25,000 units. In April 2013, CHA created Plan Forward, the next phase of redeveloping public housing in Chicago. The plan includes the rehabilitation of homes, increasing economic sales around CHA developments and providing educational, job training to residents with Section 8 vouchers.
- Hills v. Gautreaux, a 1976 Supreme Court case
- Chicago Housing Authority Police Department
- Marshall Field Garden Apartments
- Blueprint for Disaster: The Unraveling of Chicago Public Housing, a 2009 book by D. Bradford Hunt
- "Understanding Chicago's High-Rise Public Housing Disaster", in Chicago Architecture: Histories, Revisions, and Alternatives, edited by Charles Waldheim and Katerina Reudi Ray (University of Chicago Press, 2005).
- "How Did Public Housing Survive the 1950s?", Journal of Policy History, 17:2, Spring 2005, 193–216.
- Chicago Housing Authority passes 2012 budget
- the CHA: Meet Our New CEO
- 2010 Census
- "Hope VI funds new urban neighborhoods". New Urban News. Jan.-Feb. 2002. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- Oakwood Shores "Chicago Housing Authority - Oakwood Shores". Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- Senior Properties: Chicago Housing Auhtority
- Scattered Sites Properties: Chicago Housing Auhtority
- Mixed-Income Properties: Chicago Housing Auhtority
- CHA reveals next phase of massive public housing redevelopment
- "Chicago Housing Authority". Encyclopedia of Chicago.
- "Gautreaux". Business and Professional People for the Public Interest.
- "Latest Decision on Gautreaux v. Chicago Housing Authority". National Housing Law Project.
- Dizikes, Peter, "Chicago hope: Ambitious attempt to help the city’s poor by moving them out of troubled housing projects is having mixed results, MIT study finds", MIT News, MIT News Office, March 3, 2011
- Chicago Housing Authority Official Site