Chichimeca Jonaz language

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See also: Chichimeca
Native to Mexico
Region Guanajuato,
Native speakers
1,400  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pei
Glottolog chic1272[2]
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Chichimeca or Chichimeca Jonaz is an indigenous language of Mexico spoken by around 200 Chichimeca Jonaz people in Misión de Chichimecas near San Luis de la Paz in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. The Chichimeca Jonaz language belongs to the Oto-Pamean branch of the Oto-Manguean language family. The Chichimecos self identify as úza and call their language eza'r.


The consonants of Chichimeca Jonaz are: /p t t͡s t͡ʃ k ʔ b d d͡ʒ ɡ s h z l r w/ and the fortis and lenis nasals /m n/ and /m n/. The oral vowels are /i ɪ u e o æ ɑ/ and nasal vowels are /ĩ ɪ̃ ũ ẽ õ œ̃ ɑ̃/.[3] Chichimeca Jonaz is a tonal language and distinguish high and low level tones.[4]


  1. ^ Chichimeca at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Chichimeca". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Lastra 1984 p. 23
  4. ^ Suaréz 1983 p. 51


Suaréz, Jorge A. (1983). The Mesoamerian Indian Languages. Cambridge Languages Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22834-4. OCLC 8034800. 
Lastra de Suárez, Yolanda (1984). "Chichimeco Jonaz". In Munro S. Edmonson (Volume ed.), with Patricia A. Andrews. Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 2: Linguistics. Victoria Reifler Bricker (General Editor). Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 20–43. ISBN 0-292-77593-8. OCLC 10207920.