Chickamauga Creek

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Chickamauga Creek
Creek
Country United States
States Georgia (U.S. state), Tennessee
Mouth Tennessee River at Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County, Tennessee

Chickamauga Creek refers to two short tributaries of the Tennessee River, which join the river near Chattanooga, Tennessee. The two streams are North Chickamauga Creek and South Chickamauga Creek, joining the Tennessee from the north and south side, respectively.

Course[edit]

The two Chickamauga Creeks are part of the Georgia, Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga Watershed.[1]

North Chickamauga Creek begins in an area called The Horseshoe, a portion of Walden Ridge, a branch of the Cumberland Plateau. The creek forms in southeastern Sequatchie County at the confluence of Standifer and Brimer creeks north of the community of Lone Oak, and runs entirely in Tennessee.[2] South Chickamauga Creek is a long and winding valley-floor stream in the northwest corner of Georgia. It flows north from Ringgold, Georgia, over the border into Tennessee and from there into the city of Chattanooga.[3]

History[edit]

Chickamauga Indians[edit]

Main article: Chickamauga Cherokee

The tribal band of the Cherokee which settled near the creeks in the late 18th century became known as the Chickamauga. Under the leadership of Dragging Canoe, they became a frontier adversary to early American expansionism west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Battle of Chickamauga[edit]

Main article: Battle of Chickamauga

During the Civil War, one of the bloodiest engagements of the war was fought near Chickamauga Creek over control of the railroad center at nearby Chattanooga. The conflict became known as the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. However, the creek itself had very little influence on the course of the battle.[4]

Union General William S. Rosecrans had established his army at Chickamauga, Georgia, 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Chattanooga. Confederate General Braxton Bragg had collected reinforcements and prepared to do battle, assisted by General James Longstreet.[5] After two days of fighting, Rosecrans and a large portion of his army fled the field in disarray.[6] The Battle of Chickamauga marked the end of the Union's "Chickamauga Campaign" in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia.

Notes[edit]

Coordinates: 35°05′21″N 85°16′07″W / 35.0892°N 85.2686°W / 35.0892; -85.2686