Chickasha, Oklahoma

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Chickasha, Oklahoma
City
Location of Chickasha, Oklahoma
Location of Chickasha, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°2′18″N 97°56′46″W / 35.03833°N 97.94611°W / 35.03833; -97.94611Coordinates: 35°2′18″N 97°56′46″W / 35.03833°N 97.94611°W / 35.03833; -97.94611
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Grady
Area
 • Total 18.1 sq mi (46.9 km2)
 • Land 18.1 sq mi (46.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,093 ft (333 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,036
 • Density 885.9/sq mi (342.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-13950[1]
GNIS feature ID 1091277[2]
Website chickasha.org

Chickasha /ˈɪkəʃ/ is a city in and the county seat of Grady County, Oklahoma, United States.[3] The population was 16,036 at the 2010 census. Chickasha is home to the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma. The city is named for, and strongly connected to Native American heritage as Chickasha (Chikashsha) is the Choctaw word for Chickasaw.

History[edit]

Chickasha was founded by Hobart Johnstone Whitley, a land developer, banker, farmer and Rock Island Railroad executive.[4] The founding took place in 1892 when the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway (Rock Island) built a track through Indian Territory. A post office was established in June 1892. The town incorporated in 1902.[5]

In 1908, the Oklahoma Industrial Institute and College for Girls was established in Chickasha. A local rancher named J. B. Sparks donated land for the school in memory of his daughter, Nellie. The girl was a Chickasaw descendent, and the land had been part of her allotment. The Nellie Sparks Dormitory commemorated her. The school was renamed as the Oklahoma College for Women in 1916. It became coeducational in 1965, and was renamed the Oklahoma College of Liberal Arts. It was renamed again in 1975 as the University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma.[5]

The Wilson and Bonfis Flying School opened in October 1941 to train cadets of the U.S. Army Air Force. Over eight thousand cadets completed training there during World War II. After the war, the facility became the Chickasha Municipal Airport.[5]

Also during the war, the army built and used Borden General Hospital. This site now contains Grady Memorial Hospital, Chickasha Hospital and Borden Park.[5]

A prisoner of war camp established in 1944 is now the site of the Grady County Fairgrounds.[5]

Geography[edit]

Chickasha is located at 35°2′18″N 97°56′46″W / 35.03833°N 97.94611°W / 35.03833; -97.94611 (35.038431, -97.946021)[6]. The city is 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Oklahoma City.[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47 km2), of which 18.1 square miles (47 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.28%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chickasha, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
92
(33)
98
(37)
98
(37)
102
(39)
110
(43)
116
(47)
116
(47)
109
(43)
101
(38)
89
(32)
84
(29)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 51
(11)
56
(13)
65
(18)
74
(23)
80
(27)
90
(32)
95
(35)
96
(36)
88
(31)
77
(25)
63
(17)
52
(11)
73.9
(23.3)
Average low °F (°C) 28
(−2)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
49
(9)
58
(14)
67
(19)
71
(22)
70
(21)
62
(17)
50
(10)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
49.4
(9.6)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−10
(−23)
−8
(−22)
21
(−6)
27
(−3)
45
(7)
52
(11)
43
(6)
34
(1)
13
(−11)
8
(−13)
−11
(−24)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.2
(30)
1.2
(30)
2.0
(51)
3.4
(86)
5.4
(137)
3.9
(99)
2.4
(61)
2.4
(61)
3.2
(81)
3.1
(79)
1.6
(41)
1.4
(36)
31.2
(792)
Snowfall inches (cm) 1.6
(4.1)
1.2
(3)
0.8
(2)
0.1
(0.3)
1
(3)
4.7
(11.9)
Avg. rainy days 3.2 3.2 4.8 6.4 7.3 6.6 4.8 4.8 5.2 5.2 3.2 3.6 58.3
 % humidity 70 69 62 62 71 69 67 64 63 65 63 67 66
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [7]


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 3,209
1910 10,320 221.6%
1920 10,179 −1.4%
1930 14,099 38.5%
1940 14,111 0.1%
1950 15,842 12.3%
1960 14,886 −6.0%
1970 14,194 −4.6%
1980 15,828 11.5%
1990 14,988 −5.3%
2000 15,850 5.8%
2010 16,036 1.2%
Est. 2012 16,162 0.8%
Sources:[8][9][1][10]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 15,850 people, 6,434 households, and 4,111 families residing in the city. The population density was 877.5 people per square mile (338.9/km²). There were 7,424 housing units at an average density of 411.0 per square mile (158.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.20% White, 8.45% African American, 4.73% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 3.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.76% of the population.

There were 6,434 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,369, and the median income for a family was $33,621. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $19,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,797. About 13.1% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

According to Chickasha city Census 2010 results, the population of the area was approximately 16,036 people. From 2000 to 2010, the Chickasha city population growth percentage was 1.2% (or from 15,850 people to 16,036 people). 22.8% of the Chickasha city residents were under 18 years of age. Census 2010 race data for Chickasha city include the racial breakdown percentages of 7.0% black, 0.5% Asian and 6.5% Hispanic. Also, there were 7,380 housing units in Chickasha city, 86.4% of which were occupied housing units.

Government[edit]

Chickasha has an elected mayor and city council, with a city manager on its staff.[5]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture, particularly wheat production, and cattle raising have been important to the city's economy since its earliest days. Manufacturing became important about the middle of the 20th Century. ArvinMeritor Replacement Parts and Delta Faucet opened facilities in the 1970s.[5]

Arts and culture[edit]

The city's annual Festival of Light takes place at the 43-acre (170,000 m2) Shannon Springs park and opens nightly from around Thanksgiving to the end of December. Concessions, carriage rides, pictures with Santa, and shopping are available. The Festival of Light has received many prestigious awards over the years including Regional Event of the Year, A.B.A. Top 100 Event, National Top 25 Holiday Event, Festival of the Year, Best Community Festival Event and Best Place to Take Out of Town Visitors. The festival has been featured statewide on Discover Oklahoma and ranked as a Top Place to Visit by Fine Living Network (2004) and has also been designated as an official 2007 Oklahoma Centennial Event. Over 140 businesses and clubs sponsor the event in various ways. The installation of lights in 290 trees, eight miles (13 km) of walk-ways, bridges, arbors, gazebos and buildings begins in September; however, it takes through March to get the lights taken down and stored away. More than 1,200 volunteers donate time and skill, and now Display Sponsors have reached the 100 mark. The park has over 3.5 million lights and the crystal pedestrian bridge boasts over 75,000 lights alone. It draws together over a thousand local volunteers and more than 300,000 visitors from across the United States.[11]

The University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma hosts an annual festival, The Spring Triad, which is made up of the Montmartre Chalk Art Festival, the Droverstock music festival, and the Scholastic Meet. The event is usually held during the beginning of April. The art festival is held along the oval drive in front of Te Ata Memorial Auditorium where over 700 artists compete in a chalk art contest. Droverstock features over 12 hours of live music from various bands of all styles and genres. There are also many games, rides, and activities associated with the festival. And for over 27 years the Scholastic Meet has attracted close to 1,800 students from over 50 Oklahoma counties competing in academic disciplines such as math, science, music, history and other subjects. The competition is the largest academic meet in the state. Overall, the day-long event attracts thousands into the community.

The Muscle Car Ranch located on the south edge of Chickasha hosts an annual swap meet and concert, which is held in August. The Ranch, located on 70 acres (280,000 m2) of a 1900s dairy farm, features hundreds of nostalgic advertisements and memorabilia representing the last 75 years of American history. The concert has featured rock and roll groups such as The Byrds, The Grass Roots, Paul Revere & the Raiders, Jefferson Airplane, The Lovin' Spoonful, Firefall, John Conlee, Dr. Hook and Bad Company. Official Website

From a small local swapmeet, the Chickasha Pre-war Swap Meet have evolved to be one of the significant swapmeets for owners and collectors of cars from before 1942 (WW II). According to numerous posts in the forum of Model T Club of America, Chickasha Pre War Swap Meet is considered the best Ford Model T swapmeet in the US.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Hollywoodland H. J. Whitley."
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Jefferies, Angie. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Chickasha."[1]
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Historical Weather for Chickasha, Oklahoma, United States". 
  8. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Official Website
  12. ^ Pre-War Swap Meet

External links[edit]